Church Monuments Society


RECENT PUBLICATIONS (from Newsletter 33.2)

These are the books and articles listed in the last Newsletter. You will also find reviews of some of the most important books in the Society’s journal, Church Monuments.
Oliver Harris, with contributions from Sally Badham, Sophie Oosterwijk and Martin Spies. Suggestions for future issues may be sent to .

RCM = To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

David Adshead, 2016, ‘The Countess of Shrewsbury’s almshouses and monument’, in David Adshead & David A H B Taylor (eds), Hardwick Hall: a great old castle of romance (Yale Univ Pr: New Haven. xxii+380pp; 340 colour illus; ISBN 978-0-300218-90-9; hbk; £75), pp.146-64

An account of the monument and funerary obsequies of Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury (‘Bess of Hardwick’; d.1608) in the church of All Hallows, Derby (now Derby Cathedral) – and of the nearby almshouses endowed by her, an inmate of which was charged with the monument’s maintenance.

Adrian Allan, 2017, ‘Chancellor Richard Ferguson and his ‘hogback’ gravestone’, Cumberland & Westmorland Antiq & Archaeol Soc Newsletter (Summer 2017), 16

On the ‘hogback’ gravestone of the antiquary Richard Ferguson (d.1900) at Stanwix (Cumb), designed by W G Collingwood, which narrowly escaped destruction in 1959.

Louise Allen, 2016, St Edmund’s Church and the Montagu Monuments (Bloomsbury Shire: Oxford. 48pp; 40 illus, mainly colour; ISBN 978-1-78442-163-2; pbk; £5)

A guide to the parish church of Warkton (Northants), and in particular its four flamboyant Baroque monuments, two by Roubiliac, erected to members of the Montagu family of Boughton House between the 1750s and 1830s. Includes an account of their restoration in 2014.

Jessica Barker, 2017, ‘The sculpted epitaph’; ‘Transcription and translation of the epitaph of João I and Philippa of Lancaster, King and Queen of Portugal’, Sculpture J, 26:2, 235-48; 249-59

A consideration of the interrelationship between textual epitaph and sculpture on tomb monuments, focusing on the monument to King João I (d.1433) and Philippa of Lancaster (d.1415) at Batalha, Portugal. Its Latin inscription, of nearly 1,700 words, is published in the companion paper.

Ray Bateson, 2015, Deansgrange Cemetery & the Easter Rising (Irish Graves Publications: Blanchardstown. 272pp; b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-95422-755-5; hbk; €10)

The stories of 150 individuals buried in Deansgrange Cemetery, south Dublin, associated with the Easter rising of 1916, including nationalist Volunteers, British soldiers, civilian bystanders caught up in the violence, and others.

JoAnne G Bernstein, 2017, ‘Medea Colleoni: a Renaissance tomb of her own by G A Amadeo’, Artibus et Historiae, 76, 113-28

A study of the innovative monument to Medea Colleoni (d.1470), in the Cappella Colleoni, Bergamo. Commissioned by her father, Bartolomeo Colleoni, from Giovanni Antonio Amadeo, it was the first Renaissance tomb by a Lombard artist.

Johnny L Bertolio, 2017, ‘Love and graves between Arquà and Avignon: a further contribution to the “Tombaide” (1540) launched by Alessandro Piccolomini’, Renaissance Studies, 31:5, 723-34

Discussion of a poem by Lattanzio Bennucci, inspired by Alessandro Piccolomini’s pilgrimage of 1540 to the tomb of Petrarch at Arquà, but in this case focused on the tomb of Laura, Petrarch’s muse, allegedly in Avignon.

Rhianydd Biebrach, 2017, Church Monuments in South Wales c.1200-1547 (Boydell Press: Woodbridge. 226pp; 4 colour, 57 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-78327-264-8; hbk; £60)

A pioneering study of the tomb monuments of southern Wales, dealing with patrons, subjects, materials, spirituality, and secular concerns, and exploring the differences between the monuments of South Wales and those of ‘native Wales’, and their links to West Country traditions. RCM

Anne Bocquet-Liénard, Cécile Chapelain de Seréville-Niel, Stéphanie Dervin, Vincent Hincker (eds), 2017, Des pots dans la tombe (IXe-XVIIIe siècle): Regards croisés sur une pratique funéraire en Europe de l’Ouest (Brepols: Turnhout. 523pp; 247 illus, many in colour; ISBN 978-2-84133-851-1; hbk; €52.13)

Essays exploring the meaning of the deposition of pottery in tombs from the 9th to 18th centuries, principally (but not exclusively) in France. Danièle Alexandre-Bidon considers associated iconography, including the representation of vessels on monuments; and Guillaume Grillon addresses broader themes of tomb symbolism in medieval Burgundy.

Paul Britton & Anthony Wilson, 2017, The Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul, Tonbridge (Kent): a guide to the monuments (St Peter & St Paul: Tonbridge. 36pp; 48 colour illus; £5 inc p&p) Available from Sir Paul Britton at 54 Dry Hill Park Road, Tonbridge TN10 3BX.

A guide to 59 monuments, largely of the 17th to 19th centuries, and including one by Roubiliac to Richard Children (d.1753), which have recently undergone a major programme of cleaning. RCM

Stephen Callaghan & Caimin O’Brien, 2016, Heart and Soul: a history of Saint Brendan’s Graveyard in Birr (Offaly County Council: Tullamore. 255pp; colour illus; ISBN 978-0-95745-338-8; hbk; €20)

A comprehensive survey of the graveyard of the (now ruined) ancient church of St Brendan in Birr, Co. Offaly, and of its 156 surviving memorials. Of pre-Reformation origin, the churchyard was closed to new burials in 1879. Details include inscriptions, epigraphy, iconography and summary biographies of the interred.

Nicola Clark, 2017, ‘The gendering of dynastic memory: burial choices of the Howards, 1485-1559’, J Ecclesiastical History, 68:4, 747-65

An examination of the role played before and after the Reformation by female members of the Howard family, notably Agnes, dowager duchess of Norfolk (d.1545), as custodians and generators of dynastic memory, expressed through choices of burial place.

Clive Cohen, 2017, ‘The massacred and the more than illustrious: the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot at Cawnpore and Lucknow. Part 1 – Cawnpore’, J Society for Army Historical Research, 95:382, 97-118

This article – the first in a series of four detailing the experiences of a Cornish regiment during the 1857 Indian Mutiny – takes as its starting point the monument in Exeter Cathedral commemorating the 463 men, 47 women, and 53 children who died.

Annaliese Connolly & Lisa Hopkins, ‘A darker shade of pale: Webster’s winter whiteness’, E-rea: revue d’études Anglophones, 12:2: online

A consideration of the symbolism of the colour white in the works of John Webster, including discussion of its association with marble and alabaster tomb monuments.

David A Cross, 2017, Public Sculpture of Lancashire and Cumbria, Public Sculpture of Britain 19 (Liverpool Univ Pr: Liverpool. 254pp; 124 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-78694-031-5; hbk; £45)

The latest volume in this national survey, with entries for 14 church monuments proper (largely post-medieval), two churchyard or cemetery memorials, two early Christian churchyard crosses, and 27 war memorials – including an example in Nelson to fallen boy scouts.

James Stevens Curl, 2017, ‘The tomb & the garden: the influence of Young’s Night Thoughts’, Georgian Group J, 25, 185-206

An examination of Edward Young’s melancholic verse collection Night Thoughts (1742-5), its international influence on late 18th-century Arcadian and picturesque garden design, and so in turn on garden cemeteries.

James Stevens Curl, 2017, ‘Kneeling bishops: variations on a sculptural theme by Francis Leggatt Chantrey (1781-1841)’, Antiquaries J, 97, 261-97

An exploration of themes in the funerary sculpture of Sir Francis Chantrey, in particular the depiction of Anglican bishops kneeling in prayer or contemplation on several monuments of the 1820s and 1830s. The convention was superseded, under the influence of the Gothic Revival, by a preference for recumbent effigies.

Hélène Bradley Davies & Ursula Callaghan, 2017, ‘The spatial and temporal development of a cemetery landscape: Mount Saint Lawrence, Limerick 1855-1900’, North Munster Antiquarian J, 57, 97-118

An account of the origins and early development of this important city cemetery, designed on the garden cemetery model and consecrated in 1856. Nominally non-denominational, it rapidly became predominantly Catholic. The registers are analysed to highlight the social segregation of burials.

Dyan Elliott, 2017, ‘Violence against the dead: the negative translation and damnatio memoriae in the middle ages’, Speculum, 92:4, 1020-55

An account of the evolution of rites of condemnation, exhumation, and in some cases destruction of the physical remains of excommunicates and heretics, contrasted with a more general tendency to commemorate the dead.

Emily A Fenichel, 2017, ‘Michelangelo’s Pietà as tomb monument: patronage, liturgy, and mourning’, Renaissance Quarterly, 70:3, 862-96

A discussion of Michelangelo’s Pietà in St Peter’s Basilica, Rome, focused on its primary role – alongside an incised slab – as a tomb monument for its patron, Cardinal Jean de Bilhères Lagrulas (d.1499).

Daniele Ferraiuolo, 2017, ‘I luoghi della memoria funeraria: riflessioni su forme e contesti delle epigrafi sepolcrali di ambito monastico (etâ Longobarda e Carolingia)’, Hortus Artium Medievalium, 23:2, 579-90

An enquiry into the relationships between epigraphic funerary inscriptions in 8th- and 9th-century Italian monasteries, their physical appearance, and their settings.

Elizabeth FitzPatrick, 2017, The exilic burial place of a Gaelic Irish community at San Pietro in Montorio, Rome’, Papers of the British School at Rome, 85, 205-39

A report of a survey and analysis of the monuments and burial vault, dated 1608-23, of members of an exiled Catholic Irish community that included the respective chiefs and earls of the Ulster lordships of Tyrone and Tyrconnell.

Katia Fowler, 2017, ‘Memorial culture and the kinship of friendship in Katherine Philips’s “Wiston Vault”’, Women’s Writing, 24:3, 332-52

A discussion of the poem ‘Wiston Vault’ by Katherine Philips (d.1664), focusing on its excoriation of epitaphs and monuments. The author explores Philips’ distancing of herself from her husband’s relatives, the Wogans of Wiston, and sets the poem within contemporary debates about memorialisation of the dead.

Jane Geddes (ed), 2016, Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology in the Dioceses of Aberdeen and Moray, British Archaeol Ass Conference Trans 40 (Routledge: London. 252pp; 117 illus, mainly colour; ISBN 978-1-13864-067-2; hbk; £100)

Contributions include Richard Fawcett on Elgin Cathedral, including the influence of the tomb of Bishop John Winchester (d.1460) on the design of later monuments; Miles Kerr-Peterson on post-Reformation church architecture in the lordship of the Earls Marischal, including consideration of the family’s memorialisation; and Lizzie Swarbrick on the collegiate church at Cullen, its inscriptions and monuments, notably the tomb of Alexander Ogilvy (c.1554).

Jeremy Gordon-Smith, 2017, Photographing the Fallen: a war graves photographer on the Western Front, 1915-1919 (Pen & Sword: Barnsley. 289pp; 316 b/w & colour illus; ISBN 978-1-47389-365-8; hbk; £25)

On the First World War and post-war activities of Ivan Bawtree, a photographer attached to the Directorate of Graves Registration and Enquiries in Flanders and northern France. Illustrated with Bawtree’s own photographs, and those of the author, his great-great-nephew.

Amy Louise Harris & Brian Ó Dálaigh, 2017, ‘The Thomond tomb of St Mary’s Cathedral Limerick reconsidered’, North Munster Antiquarian J, 57, 157-9

A reappraisal of the original appearance of the tomb of Donough O’Brien, 4th Earl of Thomond (d.1624) (see Ó Dálaigh 2016 below) in light of evidence that it was the model for a monument to John and Margaret Southwell at Barham, Suffolk, exported from Limerick in 1640.

Patricia Howard, 2017, ‘Post mortem: new evidence on the location of Guadagni’s tomb’, Musical Times,158:1940 (Autumn 2017), 37-40

A newly examined manuscript necrology casts light on the funeral ceremony and burial place in the Basilica di Sant’Antonio in Padua of the castrato singer Gaetano Guadagni (d.1792). The grave is unmarked.

Malcolm Howe, 2016, ‘Monumental heraldry in St. George’s Anglican Church and the British Cemetery, Estrela, Lisbon’, British Hist Soc of Portugal Annual Report & Review, 43, 17-29

A survey of the heraldry of the gravestones, monuments and stained glass in this Protestant church and burial ground, dating from the 1740s to recent times.

Laura Jacobus, 2017, ‘“Propria figura”: the advent of facsimile portraiture in Italian art’, Art Bulletin, 99:2 (June 2017), 72-101

A discussion of emergent ideas of physical likeness in early Renaissance Italian art, including discussion of the standing statue (c.1303-5) and recumbent tomb effigy (c.1336) of Enrico Scrovegni in the Arena Chapel, Padua.

J Art Historiography, 2017, 17: online at

This partially themed journal issue contains 13 essays on the origins of portraiture, including Jakov Ðorðević,on medieval transi tombs as portraits; and Mateusz Grzęda on representations of Kuno von Falkenstein (d.1388), Archbishop-Elector of Trier, including his tomb effigy in the Basilica of St Castor, Koblenz.

Maro Kardamitsi-Adami & Maria Daniil, 2017, The First Cemetery of Athens: guide to its monuments and history (Olkos/Elliniki Etairia: Athens. 167pp; many colour illus; maps; ISBN 978-960-8154-84-1; pbk; €19.08) Greek and English editions available.

A substantial guidebook to an important civic cemetery, established in 1837 and containing many noteworthy graves. Includes biographical notes on the architects and sculptors responsible for the monuments. RCM

Renate Kohn (ed), 2017, Der Kaiser und sein Grabmal 1517-2017: neue Forschungen zum Hochgrab Friedrichs III im Wiener Stephansdom (Vienna: Böhlau Verlag. 521pp; 410 colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978-3-205-20640-8; hbk; €70)

Essays published to mark the 500th anniversary of the completion of the tomb of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III (d.1493), drawing on a range of approaches to reassess one of Austria’s most important late medieval works of art. RCM

Claudia Lichte (ed), 2017, Peter Dell der Ältere – Zwischen Riemenschneider und Reformation (Würzburg: Museum für Franken. 136pp; 70 colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978-3-932461-46-0; pbk; €21.50)

An exhibition catalogue exploring the sculptural oeuvre of Peter Dell the Elder, Tilman Riemenschneider’s last pupil, which ranges from small devotional reliefs to altarpieces and wall monuments commissioned by both Catholics and Protestants during the early decades of the Reformation.

Louise Loe, Kate Brady, Lisa Brown, Mark Gibson & Kirsty Smith, 2017, Living and Dying in Southwark 1587-1831: excavations at Cure’s College Burial Ground, Park Street (OAPCA: Oxford. 130pp; 68 illus, mainly colour; ISBN 978-0-9956636-1-9; hbk; £13)

The report of excavations at a burial ground in Southwark believed to be associated with Cure’s College Almshouse, and in use from the 16th to 19th centuries. Mark Gibson discusses coffin furnishings.

Peter Matthews, 2017, Who’s Buried Where in London (Bloomsbury Shire: Oxford. 256pp; 351 colour illus; ISBN 978-0-74781-296-8; pbk; £12.99)

A visitor’s guide to over 1,000 noteworthy graves and monuments within Greater London, including those in Westminster Abbey and St Paul’s Cathedral, the ‘Magnificent Seven’ cemeteries, and many smaller churches and graveyards. RCM Monumental Brass Soc Trans, 2017, 19:4

Contributions to this journal volume include Paul Cockerham on the commemoration of senior clergy in Exeter Cathedral, principally by brasses and incised slabs, from the late-13th- to early 16th-centuries; John Lee on late medieval merchant commemoration in Newark-on-Trent (Notts); Nicholas Orme on the 1430s brass to Edward Courtenay in Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford; Harriette Peel on the brass to Kateline d’Ault (d.1461) in St James’ church, Bruges; and Lynda Pidgeon on the brass commemorating John, Lord Strange, his wife Jacquetta Wydevile, and their daughter Jane (commissioned 1509) at Hillingdon (Middx).

Franco Mormando, 2017, ‘A Bernini workshop drawing for a tomb monument’, Burlington Mag, 159:1376 (Nov. 2017), 886-92

On a drawing attributed to the workshop of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, acquired by the Princeton University Art Museum in 2016. It shows the design for the tomb monument of a young military officer, tentatively identified as Tommaso Rospigliosi (d.1669).

Haude Morvan, 2017, ‘La tombe du Cardinal Hugues Aycelin (†1297) à Clermont: le manifeste d’une famille au faîte de son ascension’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 112, 53-90

A study, partially drawn from early modern documentary sources, of the ornate tomb of Cardinal Hugues Aycelin (d.1297) in the Dominican church in Clermont-Ferrand. Primarily a dynastic memorial, it was probably erected between 1307 and 1311 by the Cardinal’s brother, Archbishop Gilles Aycelin.

Paola Novara, 2017, ‘Sepolture privilegiate nei monasteri alto medievali ravennati’, Hortus Artium Medievalium, 23:2, 629-90

An account of monastic burials and tomb slabs in 10th- to 12th-century Ravenna, with a focus on the monasteries of San Vitale and Santa Maria della Rotonda.

Derek O’Brien, 2017, ‘The evidence for the importation and use of foreign limestone in Cork city and county during the later medieval period’, J Cork Hist & Archaeol Soc, 122, 123-37

A review of the appearance of limestones from south-west England in Cork from c.1170 onwards, apparently favoured as a ‘badge of Anglo-Norman identity’. The uses were largely architectural, but sarcophagi, tomb slabs and effigies are also discussed.

Brian Ó Dálaigh, 2016, ‘The Earls of Thomond and their burial monuments, 1543-1741’, North Munster Antiquarian J, 56, 93-108

An account of the burials and monuments of the eight O’Brien earls of Thomond and other family members, including surviving monuments in Ennis Friary and St Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick, and (that of the 7th earl, d.1691) at Great Billing, Northants. (See also Harris & Ó Dálaigh 2017 above.)

Brian Ó Dálaigh, 2017, ‘The O’Briens and MacMahons of Thomond, their patronage of the Franciscan order, and their burial monuments’, North Munster Antiquarian J, 57, 19-37

A history of these two ruling families in the 15th century, their relationship with the Franciscan order, and discussion of the images and religious symbols displayed in their places of worship and on their tomb monuments, notably in Ennis and Askeaton friaries.

Matthew Payne & Warwick Rodwell, 2017, ‘Edward the Confessor’s shrine in Westminster Abbey: its date of construction reconsidered’, Antiquaries J, 97, 187-204

A reappraisal of the disputed evidence for the date of construction of the shrine of Edward the Confessor, to which his body was translated in 1269. authors atttibute the date 1279 in a 15th-century transcription of the inscription to scribal error, and postulate an alternative reading.

Susan Powell (ed), 2017, Saints and Cults in Medieval England, Harlaxton Medieval Studies 27 (Shaun Tyas: Donnington. 430pp; 99 illus, mainly colour; ISBN 978-1-907730-59-7; hbk; £49.50)

Contributions to this volume include Christian Steer on burials and monuments in the London Grey Friars, including a detailed account of the tomb of Sir Stephen Jenyns (d.1523); and David Lepine on patterns of devotion to saints among the later medieval higher clergy, drawing on evidence including monuments and brasses.

Jorge Rodrigues, 2017, ‘Death and memory at the monastery: privileged burials and their patrons in the newly founded kingdom of Portugal’, Hortus Artium Medievalium, 23:2, 569-78

An investigation of the introduction to Portugal, from the late 11th to early 13th centuries, of the model of the ‘galilee’ as a dedicated elite burial structure, beginning with the royal pantheon at the monastery of Santa Cruz in Coimbra.

Adalbert Ruschel, 2016, Brauer, Mälzer, Kieser und Geniesser: Spuren Nürnberger Braukunst auf den Epitaphien der Friedhöfe Sankt Johannis und Sankt Rochus zu Nürnberg (Norderstedt: Books on Demand. 134pp; 90 b/w illus; ISBN 978-3741288951; pbk; €13.90)

An investigation of almost 500 years of commemorating the artisans of Nuremberg’s brewing industry at St John and St Roch, two of Germany’s most important historic graveyards.

Peter Sherlock, 2017, ‘The revolution of memory: the monuments of Westminster Abbey’, in George Southcombe & Grant Tapsell (eds), Revolutionary England, c.1630-c.1660: essays for Clive Holmes (Routledge: Abingdon. 266pp; 7 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4724-3837-9; hbk; £110), pp.201-17

An account of burials and monuments of the 1640s and 1650s in Westminster Abbey. In 1661 – following the Restoration of Charles II – many of the bodies with regicidal associations were disinterred and their monuments destroyed.

Brittney K Shields Wilford, 2018, The Outcast Dead: historical and archaeological evidence for the effect of the New Poor Law on the health and diet of London’s post-medieval poor, British Archaeol Rep 634 (BAR Publishing: Oxford. 104pp; illus; ISBN 978-1-4073-1609-3; pbk; £21)

A study of the impact of the 1834 Poor Law on the health and diet of workhouse inmates in the 19th century, using osteological and historical data associated with five London cemeteries.

Gavin Stamp, 2017, ‘Monuments to the dead’, Country Life, 211:45 (8 Nov 2017), 60-64

A comparative overview of the differing national approaches to marking the graves and commemorating the dead of the First World War by the British, French, Americans, Italians, and Germans.

Christian Steer, 2016, ‘“For quicke and deade memorie masses”: merchant piety in late medieval London’, in Martin Allen & Matthew Davies (eds), Medieval merchants and money: essays in honour of James L Bolton (Institute of Hist Research: London. xix+363pp; 10 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-90964-616-2; hbk; £40), pp.71-89

A study of the commemorative strategies of wealthy merchants (notably vintners) in the London parish of St James Garlickhithe in the 14th and 15th centuries, including the endowment of chantries and erection of tomb monuments.

Christian Steer, 2017, ‘Monuments of the dead in early Franciscan churches, c.1250-c.1350’, in Michael J P Robson (ed), The English Province of the Franciscans (1224-c.1350) (Brill: Leiden. xxx+496pp; illus; ISBN 978-9-00433-161-7; hbk; €137), pp.405-25

A review of the burial and commemoration of lay benefactors, and of the friars themselves, in Franciscan churches in England, drawing in particular on the detailed documentary evidence available for the Grey Friars of Coventry and London.

Mark Stocker & Phillip Lindley (eds), 2016, Tributes to Jean Michel Massing: towards a global art history (Harvey Miller: London. 374pp; 175 b/w, 20 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-90940-038-2; pbk; €120)

The contributions to this Festschrift include Roger Bowdler on the mural cartouche to Elizabeth Benson (d.1710) in St Leonard’s church, Shoreditch, London, depicting two skeletons pulling apart an oak tree, and based on an etching by Stefano della Bella; and Phillip Lindley on Tudor realisations of heraldic beasts, specifically the Howard lions on monuments at Framlingham, Suffolk.

Achim Timmermann, 2017, Memory and Redemption: public monuments and the making of late medieval landscape (Brepols: Turnhout. xvi+427pp; 335 b/w, 50 colour illus; ISBN 978-2-503-54652-0; pbk; €105)

A study of the functions and meanings of late medieval public monuments, such as wayside crosses and boundary markers, especially within the Holy Roman Empire. Commemorative examples include cemetery lanterns, and monuments to the victims of murder, accident and battle; while a final section traces the influence of medieval monuments on 19th- and 20th-century war memorials.

Ronald Van Belle, 2017, Corpus Laminae: Belgische koperen graf- en gedenkplaten 1143-1925 (Uitgeverij Van de Wiele. 2 vols; 440+448pp; c.1200 b/w illus; ISBN 978-90-76297-743; hbk; €95)

A comprehensive two-volume study (the first volume a synthesis dealing with both production and design; the second a topographically arranged catalogue) of Belgian memorial brasses from the 12th to 20th centuries. RCM

Stephen Werronen, 2017, Religion, Time and Memorial Culture in Late Medieval Ripon (Boydell & Brewer: Woodbridge. 212pp; 4 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-86193-345-7; hbk; £50)

A study of developments in religious ideas and practice in this large Yorkshire parish between the late 14th and early 16th centuries, with a focus on the cult of St Wilfred, memorial activities, and the foundation of chantries. RCM

Shelley E Zuraw, 2017, ‘An axis for Quattrocento tomb design: from Florence to Venice, Naples, and Rome’, Artibus et Historiae, 76, 129-43

An exploration of the spread of tomb designs in 15th-century Italy, centred on the migration of Florentine designs through the movement of artists, the export of monuments, and the circulation of ideas on paper. The process was replicated at the end of the century by a new taste for Roman-style tombs.