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Recent Publications: The Earlier Lists

Baker, A, ‘Upton Church and the Bulstrode Brasses’, Records of Buckinghamshire, vol. 42, 2002, pp. 103-107.

Breiding, Dirk H., ‘Konrad VIII. Shenk von Erbach († 1464) - eine Grabplatte mit ungewöhnlicher Rüstungsdarstellung. Mit einem Appendix zu bestimmten Konstructions- und Zierformen an Harnischteilen des 15. Jahrhunderts’, Waffen- und Kostumkunde, vol. 44, 2002, no. 2, pp. 155-176.

An effigy with unusually depicted armour is explained as reflecting patron’s choice and sculptor’s error. A version of this paper was given at the 2002 Leeds International Medieval Congress. The same issue includes Tobias Capwell, ‘A Depiction of an Italian Arming Doublet’ (pp. 177-196) and Helmut Nickel, ‘About Aillettes and Achsenschilde’ (pp. 197-212).

Echinger-Maurach, Claudia, ‘Michelangelo’s monument for Julius II in 1534’, Burlington Magazine, CXLV, no. 1202, May 2003, pp. 336-344.

Discusses the original intended design for the tomb in S. Pietro Vincoli, Rome.

Goodall, John A.A., ‘The Architecture of Ancestry at the Collegiate Church of St Andrew’s Wingfield, Suffolk’, in Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas (eds), Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, IX, Shaun Tyas, Donington, 2003, pp. 156-171. ISBN 1 900289 54 7 (Hbk). £35.

Study of the layout and development of the East end of the church which provides the setting for the family monuments, including three effigial tombs, one of which was moved when the east end was extended in the early 1460s. Also discusses monuments at the de la Pole families other foundations at Hull (Yorks) and Ewelme (Oxon.).

King, Pamela M, ‘The Treasurer’s Cadaver in York Minster Reconsidered’, in Caroline Barron and Jenny Stratford (eds), The Church and Learning in Late Medieval Society: essays in honour of R.B. Dobson, Halaxton Medieval Studies, XI, Shaun Tyas, Donington, 2002, pp. 196-209. ISBN 1 900289 52 0 (Hbk.). £49.50.

The traditional identification of the tomb (with cadaver effigy) in the north nave aisle as commemorating Thomas Haxey, Treasurer of York Minster (d. 1424) is refuted by the evidence of the seventeenth-century notes by James Torre, who records a now lost brass for Haxey. Possible alternative candidates for the cadaver tombs are discussed.

Koster, Margaret L., ‘The Arnolfini double portrait’, Apollo, vol. 158, no. 499 (new. ser.), September 2003, pp. 3-14.

Suggests that this much-discussed portrait, of Giovanni Nicolao Arnolfini and his wife Costanza Trenta (by Jan van Eyck, 1434), was painted as a memorial to Constanza following her death, referring inter alia to the hand-holding couples shown on effigies and brasses. It is well-known that the chandelier above the couple has only one lighted candle (on Giovanni’s side) but the author draws attention to more rarely noted remains of a burnt-out candle on the other side, above Constanza. The same issue contains an article by Charles Tracy on ‘The reredos at St Andrew, Sandford-on-Thames, Oxfordshire’ (pp. 15-22) on a limestone panel of the Assumption of the Virgin, illustrating, by way of comparison, early 16th-century alabaster effigies at Tong (Shropshire) and Elford (Staffs).

Marks, Richard, and Paul Williamson (eds) assisted by Eleanor Townsend, Gothic: Art for England1400-1547, V & A Publications, London, 2003. 496 pp incl. many b & w and col. illus., and index. ISBN 1 85177 401 7 (Hbk). Hbk £45; Pbk £29.95

Catalogue of an exhibition held at the Victoria and Albert Museum from 9 October 2003 - 18 January 2004, 11 comprising introductory essays and entries for a rich selection of 359 objects and buildings (all illustrated) by over 60 scholars. The entries include: no. 87 - the effigy of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, from St Mary’s Warwick (1447-50): no. 330 - the tomb of Ralph Greene and Katherine Malory, at Lowick, Northants (1419-20); no. 331 - the cadaver effigy of John Baret from St Mary’s Bury St Edmunds (1450s); no. 335 - three wooden effigies, probably of Sir John Savile and his two wives, from Thornhill, Yorks (tomb dated 1529); no. 336 - a tomb relief from Thetford Priory (c. 1536-9); and no. 337 - the tomb of Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland  and Eleanor Paston (1543-4). Nos 330 and 337 were not exhibited. Also several monumental brasses, all but two of which were exhibited from rubbings.

Oosterwijk, Sophie, ‘“A Swithe Feire Graue”: the Appearance of Children on Medieval Tomb Monuments’, in Harlaxton Medieval Studies, IX (for details see under Goodall, above), pp. 172-192.

Useful and perceptive analytical survey, by our Secretary, of the genre on which she an acknowledged expert.

Rivière, Jean-Claude, ‘Les Stèles Funéraires Discoïdales’, Histoire Médiévale, no. 42, June 2003, pp. 66-72.

Disc-headed grave markers of the type of which a Kentish study appeared in Church Monuments, I, pt 2 (1986).

Sandler, Lucy Freeman, ‘The Chantry of Roger of Waltham in Old St Paul’s’, in Janet Backhouse (ed.), The medieval English Cathedral: papers in honour of Pamela Tudor-Craig, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, X, Shaun Tyas, Donington, 2003, pp. 168-190. ISBN 1 900289 55 5 (Hbk). £40.00.

Documentary evidence for the chantry of Canon Roger de Waltham (d. 1341), first established in 1325, includes evidence for its physical form and imagery.

Sally Badham, 2004, The Monumental Brasses of the Collegiate Church of Holy Trinity, Tattershall (Tattershall PCC. 24 pp. incl. 15 illus. Pbk £2.50). Available from the church and the Monumental Brass Society bookstall (

Jonathan Black, 2002, The sculpture of Eric Kennington (The Henry Moore Foundation in association with Lund Humphries, Aldershot. 112 pp. incl. 97 b & w illus. & index. ISBN: 0853318239. £65)

Reviewed by Patrick Elliott, Burlington Magazine, 145, no. 1029, December 2003, pp. 866-7. For Kennington’s effigy of T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) see Richard Knowles’s article in Church Monuments, 6 (1991).

Jonathan Black, 2003, ‘ “The real thing”: Eric Kennington’s 24th Infantry Division memorial in Battersea Park, London (1921-24)’, Burlington Magazine, 145, no. 1029, December, 854-859

Francis Cheetham, 2003, Alabaster images of medieval England (Boydell Press in association with The Association for Cultural Exchange, Woodbridge. xvii + 218 pp., 264 b & w and 21 col. illus. ISBN 1 84383 028 0. Hbk £90). A listing of all English medieval alabaster religious carvings known to the author (including a few on tombs), arranged by subject, with an introduction and photographs of less well-known examples. A very useful companion to the author’s English medieval alabasters (1984).

Nicola Coldstream, 2003, ‘Exhibition reviews: Gothic [: Art for England 1400-1547], London’, Burlington Magazine, 145, no. 1029, December, 869-71

Thoughtful review of the exhibition and catalogue (for the latter see Recent Publications, Newsletter, 19/2, p. 21)

Rachel Ann Dressler, 2004, Of armor and men in medieval England: the chivalric rhetoric of three English knights’ effigies (Ashgate, Aldershot and Burlington (Vt). xii + 145 pp. incl. index, plus 9 col. and 70 b & w illus. ISBN 0 7546 3368 3. Hbk £45).

A review of this book will appear in Church Monuments.

Mark Duffy, 2003, Royal tombs of medieval England (Tempus, Stroud and Charleston (USA); 320 pp. incl. index and 112 b & w illus., plus 18 col. pls. ISBN 0 7524 2579 X. Pbk £17.99).

Reviewed by Richard Knowles in Church Monuments, 18, 2003, p. 90.

Donald Garstang, 2003 ‘Sir Robert Taylor and Camillo Ruconi: the source of “Britannia” on the Cornwall monument in Westminster Abbey’, Burlington Magazine, 145, no. 1029, December, 851-853

The model is the stucco statue of ‘Fortitude’, by Ruconi, c. 1685-86, in the Ludovisci Chapel, S. Ignazio, Rome)

Historical Manuscripts Commission, 2003, Papers of British antiquaries and historians, Guides to Sources for British History No. 12 (TSO (The Stationery Office), London. xviii + 246 pp. incl. index. ISBN 0 11 4402795. Pbk £30. Order on line at:

Stefanie Knöll, 2003, Creating academic communities – funeral monuments to professors at Oxford, Leiden and Tübingen, 1580-1700 (Equilibris Publishing, Schadewijkstraat, Netherlands. 480 pp. ISBN 90-5976-003-4 Hbk; 90-5976-004-2 Pbk

Includes an extensive illustrated catalogue with illustrations on an accompanying CD-ROM. Further details and prices available at:

David Lepine and Nicholas Orme, 2003, Death and memory in medieval Exeter (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, new series, 46. ISBN 0 901853 46 1. £20)

Phillip Lindley, 2003, ‘ “The singuler mediacions and praiers of al the holie companie of heven”: sculptural functions and forms in Henry VII’s Chapel’, in T. Tatton-Brown and R Mortimer (eds), Westminster Abbey: the Lady Chapel of Henry VII, 259-293 (Boydell, Woodbridge. ISBN 184383037X. Hbk £50.00)

Richard Marks, 2004, Image and devotion in Medieval England (Sutton, Stroud. ISBN 0 7509 1466 1. 344 pp., 15 maps, 176 b & w & 24 col. illus. Hbk £25.00).

A ground-breaking, scholarly, but very readable, study, which examines medieval sculptured and painted devotional images in terms of function, audience, patronage, and production. Includes reference to and illustrations of relief monuments, brasses and incised slabs.

Marian Boudon Machuel, 2003, ‘François Dieussart in Rome: two newly identified works, Burlington Magazine, 145, no. 1029, December, 833-840

One of the works discussed is the tomb of Giorgio Pescatore (Georg Visscher), c. 1633, in S. Maria del’Anima, Rome.

Richard K Morris and Ron Shoesmith, 2003, Tewkesbury Abbey: history, art & architecture (Logaston Press, Almeley. 326 pp incl. many b & w illus. and index, plus 26 col. pls. ISBN 1 904396 02 X Hbk; 1 904396 02 X Pbk.)

Includes chapters on ‘The later medieval monuments and chantry chapels’ by Phillip Lindley, ‘The post-Reformation monuments and the churchyard’ by Jane Birdsall and R K Morris. Monuments (including the earlier ones) are discussed and illustrated in several other chapters.

Harold Mytum, 2004, ‘A long and complex plot: patterns of family burial in Irish graveyards from the 18th century’, Church Archaeology, 5 & 6 (for 2001-2), 31-41, and ‘Graveyard survey in West Ulster’, ibid., 112-4

This issue contains several other articles of interest (including Roffey, below). It can be obtained by joining the Society for Church Archaeology, c/o Council for British Archaeology, Bowes-Morrell House, 111 Walmgate, York YO1 9WA. Subscriptions: £20 (individuals & institutions); £10 (unwaged).

Nicholas Orme, 2004, ‘The dead beneath our feet’, History Today, 54, no. 2, February, 19-25

Simon Roffey, 2004, ‘Reconstructing English medieval parish church chantries and chapels: an archaeological approach’, Church Archaeology, 5 & 6 (for 2001-2), 62-8.

Rosemary Sweet, 2004, Antiquaries. the discovery of the past in eighteenth-century Britain (Hambledon and London, London and New York. xxi + 473 pp. incl. 10 text illus. and index, and 37 b & w pls. ISBN 1 85285 309 3. Hbk £25)

Includes occasional mentions of funerary monuments and discussion at pp. 273-5. Two plates (26 & 27) are reproduced from Gough’s Sepulchral monuments: unfortunately the former, of Henry III’s tomb at Westminster, is mis-captioned as Edward III’s.

Simon Watney, 2004, ‘Review article: accessibility, display and disorientation: the exhibition of medieval art today’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 156 (for 2003), 171-177

Reviews two exhibitions of sculpture (and their catalogues): ‘Image and Idol’ (Tate Britain, 2001-2002) and ‘Wonder…’ (Henry Moore Centre, Leeds, 2002-2003) (for the catalogues see Recent Publications in Newsletters 18/1, p. 13 and 18/2, p. 13). Among the related issues discussed is whether funerary monuments or parts of them should be removed from churches for temporary exhibitions, with particular reference to medieval effigies.

Derek Keene, Arthur Burns and Andrew Saint, 2004, St Paul’s: the Cathedral Church of London 604-2004 (Yale University Press, New Haven and London. xv + 538 pp. incl. notes, index and bibliography and 389 coll. and b & w illus. in text. ISBN 0-300-09276-8. Hbk)

Includes: Ch. 11, ‘Fabric, tombs and precinct 1087-1540’ by Carol Davidson-Cragoe; Ch. 16 ‘The chantry chapel of Roger of Waltham’ by Lucy Freeman Sandler, and Ch. 14 ‘The post-Reformation monuments’ by Roger Bowdler and Ann Saunders.

Pamela King, 2003, ‘ “My image to be made all naked”: cadaver tombs and the commemoration of women in fifteenth-century England’, The Ricardian 13, (essays in honour of Anne F. Sutton, ed. Livia Visser-Fuchs), 294-314.


James G. Mann, 1939, ‘Armour in Essex’, Trans of the Essex Archaeol. Soc.,  new ser., 22, 276-298; reprint (Ken Trotman Monographs 19, 2003. Pbk, £7.50 plus p & p (available from Ken Trotman Ltd, unit 11, Ditton Walk, Cambridge CB5 8PY).

Discusses and illustrates several effigies and brasses.

Sophie Oosterwijk,  2004, ‘Of corpses, constables and kings: the Danse Macabre in late medieval and renaissance culture’, J British Archaeol. Ass., 157, 61-90.

The first overall study of this important subject written in English for over 50 years.

Margaret Rylatt and Paul Mason, 2003, The archaeology of the medieval Cathedral and Priory of St Mary, Coventry (Coventry City Council, Coventry. [viii] + 155 pp incl. references and index; 75 b & w illus. and 4 col. pls. ISBN 0-9546187-0-X. Pbk)

Two brass indents (one fragmentary) are discussed on pp. 34-5.

Elizabeth A. Smith, 2004, Hob Moor: historic stray and local nature reserve (William Sessions Ltd, York.. iv + 100 pp. incl. many b & w and col. illus. ISBN 1 85072 319 2. Pbk. £6).

The worn medieval military effigy, erected at the entrance to the Moor in 1717, features in Ch. 9, with reproductions of the illustration from Nichols’s Leicestershire and of George Nicholson’s sketch of 1825 in the York City Art Gallery.

Church Recorders News and Views 2004 (published by the National Association of Decorative and Fine Arts Societies) includes the following short articles: John E. Vigar, ‘Where shall we put Aunty? A look at the placement of memorials in English churches’; Sophie Oosterwijk, ‘Children on monuments’; Barbara Tomlinson, ‘Church monuments and the Navy in the age of sail’; Jane Furlong, ‘Air Force memorials in the UK’; Lynn Pearson, ‘Ceramic tile memorials in British churches’; John Physick, ‘Serendipity’ (mainly concerning the discovery of three almost identical monuments in Kent by the previously unknown John Broxup).


P.S. Barnwell, Claire Cross and Ann Rycraft (eds), 2005, Mass and parish in late medieval England: the Use of York (Spire Books, Reading. 224 pp. including many b/w illus. (including two cross-slabs). ISBN 1-904965-02-4. Hbk. £24.95)

Based on papers given at a day conference to coincide with a live reconstruction of a 15th century requiem mass at All Saints, North Street, York (of which several photographs are included). Includes a study by P.S. Barnwell (ch. 4) on the care of souls in the 15th century in All Saints church based on an analysis of over 100 wills; and the text, with translation, of the requiem mass according to the Use of York.

John Blatchley and Peter Northeast, 2005, Decoding flint flushwork on Suffolk and Norfolk churches. A survey of more than 90 churches … where devices and inscriptions challenge interpretation (Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. viii + 116 pp. including many b/w illustrations. ISBN 0 9521390 4 9. Pbk. £15 plus p & p)

Includes some inscriptions which include the names of donors and benefactors, often beginning ‘Orate pro anima…’. It could be said that hese give the structures on which they appear a memorial function and are therefore of relevance to the study of funerary monuments. Obtainable from 11 Burlington Road, Ipswich, Suffolk IP1 2HS.

Chris Brooks and Martin Cherry, 2002, ‘The prince and the Parker: a speculative essay on the Evans chantry glass at Coldridge, Devon, and Tudor propaganda’, Journal of Stained Glass Studies, 26, 17-29

Includes discussion of the effigy in the chantry chapel built by John Evans, Parker of the Bonville’s deer park at Coldridge from the reign of Henry VII, who died in or after 1525, as well as the other furnishings which include a stained glass image of Edward IV (possibly also with Richard III).

Lawrence Butler, 2003, ‘Why did Norton conquer Sutton? a puzzle from West Tanfield’, Medieval Yorkshire (journal of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society Medieval Section), No. 32, 17-19.

Concerns the puzzling inscription on the late 15th-century brass to Thomas Sutton, Rector of Tanfield.

Paul Cockerham, 2004, ‘Catacleuse, wood and plaster: markers for the Renaissance in Early-Modern Cornwall’, J of the Royal Institute of Cornwall, 43-63

Examines the introduction of Renaissance imagery in Cornwall, comparing ornamentation on woodwork, including benchends, together with religious and secular plasterwork with Prior Thomas Vyvyan’s innovative 1533 tomb of Catacleuse marble in Bodmin priory, the design of which bears comparison with Torrigiano’s tomb of Henry VII.

Aidan Dobson, 2004, The royal tombs of Great Britain. An illustrated history (Duckworth, London. viii + 248 pp. 170 b & w photos, plans, maps & genealogical tables in the text. ISBN 0 7156 3310 4. Hbk. £25)

Comprises: Introduction; chapters on the places of death & burial, the tombs and the post interment history of rulers of ‘The early English kingdoms’, ‘England’, ‘Scotland’ (but not Wales or Ireland) and the ‘United Kingdom’, from the 6th century to George VI, arranged chronologically; with appendices of ‘The known tombs of royal consorts’, ‘The Stuarts in exile’, ‘Foreign monarchs buried in Great Britain’, and ‘The principal chapels, churches and mausolea containing royal tombs’ (with brief text and some plans); also a chronological list of rulers, genealogical tables and index. The text is not referenced but there is a bibliography and a list of studies (not quite complete) of individual royal burials, arranged alphabetically by the name of the monarch.

Julian Litten, 2005, ‘The heraldic funeral’, The Coat of Arms, 3rd ser., 1, part 1 (No. 209), Spring, 47-67 & Pl. 8

Includes supplementary photographs of the quin-centenary re-enactment of the funeral of Arthur, Prince of Wales, in Worcester, in May 2002. This first issue of The Coat of Arms (the journal of the Heraldry Society) in a new, larger format contains several other important articles including Maurice Keen, ‘Heraldry and the medieval gentlewoman’ (pp. 1-8) – which first appeared in History Today, March 2003.

Julian Luxford, 2004, ‘Sculpture as exemplar: the Founders’ Book of Tewkesbury Abbey and its sculptural models’, Sculpture Journal, 12, 4-21

Concerns the relationship between the now fragmentary figures of the Lords of the Manor of Tewkesbury, originally from the Beauchamp chantry in Tewkesbury Abbey, and the figures in the Founders’ Book (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Top. Gloucs d.2).

J.A. Mol and J. Post, 2004, ‘De epposten van Rinsumageest’, Koninlijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond Bulletin, 103, No. 4, pp. 109-21

This article offers new thoughts on the 'Eppo stone' from Rinsumageest in Friesland. This high-relief sandstone slab features a beardless young man with a spear and an inscription in Latin leonine verse. It commemorates Eppo (d. 1341), probably a scion of the local noble Tjaarda family. Although currently in storage, the monument should in due course be on display again in the new Fries Museum.

Ralph Richardson, 2004, ‘The effigy tombs of the gentry of Worcestershire 1500-1700’, Trans of the Worcs Archaeol. Soc., 19, 149-73

Based on a Birmingham University MA dissertation, 1998. ‘Effigy’ includes incised slabs and brasses and there is a supplementary list of those clergy tombs which are ‘very similar in style to gentry tombs’.

Peter Ryder, 2005, The medieval cross slab grave covers in Cumbria (Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, extra ser., 32. ix. + 214 pp. incl. many line drawings & 4 b & w photos. ISBN 1 873124 40 6. Hbk. £20 for non-members, including postage)

Orders should be sent to Richard Hall, Cumbria Record Office, County Offices, Kendal, Cumbria LA9 4RQ. Cheques to be made payable to CWAAS. This volume continues the author’s series of county surveys of this class of monument: those already published include County Durham, West Yorkshire and south Northumberland.

Xavier F. Salomon, 2004, ‘The contract for Giuliano Finelli’s monument to Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini’, Burlington Magazine, 146, No. 1221. December, 815-19

Concerns the monument to Cardinal Aldobrandini (d.1621), intended for the family chapel of S. Maria Sopra Minerva, Rome, the site of his burial and lavish funeral. The monument (the initial contract for which is dated 1632) was to be paid for by his sister and heir, Olimpia, but it was never completed and the chapel now contains no monument or inscription to the Cardinal .

Jean Wilson, 2004, ‘Why Fotheringhay? The location of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots’, Renaissance Journal (the journal of the AHRB Centre for the Study of the Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures, University of Warwick), 2, no. 2, June, pp. 3-31

Deals briefly with monuments to the Dukes of York at Fotheringhay and contains a definitive explanation of why the effigy of Lord Denbigh at Warwick wears a coronet. Should in due course be available at: (the latest issue available on line at April 2005 is vol. 2, no. 1).

Rita Wood, 2003, ‘The Romanesque tomb-slab at Bridlington Priory’, Yorkshire Archaeol J, 75, 63-76

Concludes that the Tournai marble slab dates from about 1150 and favours the priory’s founder, Walter de Gant (d. 1139), as the most likely candidate for the person commemorated.

Sally Badham, 2005, ‘Evidence for the minor funerary monument industry 1100-1500’, in K. Giles and C. Dyer, Town and Country in the Middle Ages: Contrasts, Contacts and Interconnections, 1100-1500, Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 22 (Leeds. ISBN 1 904350 28 3. Hbk; 330 pp. inc. 80 b/w illustrations. £44 incl. p & p from Maney publishing), pp. 165-95

A useful overview, beginning by pointing out that brass engraving was an urban activity, though dependent on the country for part of their production process and much of their market. It was dominated by the London Purbeck marblers, though regional schools became more successful after c. 1450. By contrast many (though not all) incised slabs were the products of quarry workshops responsible for a wide range of products. Only the Purbeck and Barnack workshops marketed cross slabs over a wide area.

Francis Cheetham, [2004], Unearthed: Nottingham’s medieval alabasters ([City of Nottingham (Museums and Galleries), Nottingham]. ISBN 0905634 69 1. 72 pp. with many illus., most in colour. Pbk. £12.95)

Fully illustrated catalogue of over 20 alabaster statues and panels in the City Museums’ permanent collection, with an introduction which includes a section on ‘The tomb carvers’ (pp. 12-14) and other occasional mentions of tombs.

Reindert Falkenburg, Herman Roodenburg and Frits Scholten, 2001, Sumptuous memories: studies in seventeenth-century Dutch tomb sculpture (Studies in Netherlandish Art and Cultural History vol. 5 (Waanders, Zwolle, Netherlands. 272 pp, 1 colour and 150 b/w photos. ISBN 90 400 94756. Hbk. € 69.95)

Vittoria Garibaldi and Bruno Toscano (eds), 2005, Arnolfo di Cambio: una rinascita nell’Umbria medievale (Silvana Editoriale, Milan. 312 pp, 60 col. & 80 b/w illus. ISBN 88-8215-896-9. €36)

Catalogue of an exhibition held partly in Perugia and partly in Orveito, 7 July 2005-8 January 2006. Includes (in Orvieto) parts from the tomb of Cardinal de Braye (d. 1282) in San Domenico, Orvieto.

William Gibson, 2004, ‘The tomb of Bishop Benjamin Hoadley’, Ecclesiology Today, 34, January, 48-52

Monument to Hoadley (d. 1761) by Joseph Wilton, in Winchester Cathedral.

Roberta Gilchrist and Barney Sloane, 2005, Requiem. The medieval monastic cemetery in Britain (Museum of London Archaeology Service, [London]. xvii + 273 pp. incl. 155 illus. (many col.), short summaries in French and German, bibliography & index. ISBN 1-901992-59-4. Pbk. £29.95)

Comprehensive study based on the analysis of some 8000 graves from over ‘70 cemeteries [a gazateer of sites in included] in England, Scotland and Wales, focussing principally on religious houses (c.1050 to c.1600 CE) with comparative evidence drawn from cathedrals, parish churches and Jewish cemeteries. The book [will be] complemented by a fully accessible, web-mounted database archived with the Archaeology Data Service’ (shortly to be available at; user’s guide in the book, Chapter 10). A highly useful synthesis of all manner of archaeological evidence relating to death and burial, presented in a series of clear, thematically based sections. Grave markers and grave slabs are discussed on pp. 184-94 but grander monuments are not discussed because, as explained, so few have been examined in combination with their related burial archaeology.

Jean Guillaume, (introduction), 2005, Demeures d’éternité. Églises et Chapelles funéraires aux XVe et XVIe siècles (Picard, Paris. 288 pp., 180 illus. ISBN 2-7084-0731-7. € 52)

Includes Howard Colvin, ‘The funerary chapel in England and Scotland in the 16th and 17th centuries’; and Nigel Llewellyn, ‘Somptuossima … Commemoration at Westminster Abbey, c. 1600’, as well as other papers on subjects in France, the Low Countries, Italy and Spain.

Laurence Keen and Peter Ellis (eds), 2005, Sherborne Abbey and School: excavations 1972-76 and 1990 (Dorset Nat. Hist and Arch Soc. Monograph 16. ISBN 0-900341-85-8)

Includes an Appendix (pp. 7-8) by Brian Kemp on Clement, Abbot of Sherborne, whose name is inscribed on the surviving top part of a Purbeck marble effigy preserved in the Abbey . The date of ‘fl. 1163’, previously given for Clement in relation to the effigy, is misleading: he was certainly still alive in 1175 and probably died after c.1180, quite possibly as late as the later 1180s. This brings his date of death much closer to that of Jocelin de Bohun, Bishop of Salisbury (d. 1184), who is commemorated by a similarly low relief Purbeck marble effigy in Salisbury Cathedral.

Hadrien Kockerols, 1999-2004, Monuments funéraires en pays mosan (published by the author, Malonne, Belgium)

vol. 1 (1999): Arrondissement de Huy: tombes et épitaphes 1100-1800 (376 pp. € 40 plus  p & p)

vol. 2 (2001): Arrondissement de Namur: tombes et épitaphes 1000-1800 (448 pp. € 40 plus  p & p)

vol. 3 (2003): Arrondissement de Dinant: tombes et épitaphes 1200-1800 (336 pp. € 30 plus. p & p)

vol. 4 (2004): Arrondissement de Liège: tombes et épitaphes 1000-1800 (576 pp. € 40 plus  p & p)

Each volume contains an introduction followed by an inventory in chronological sequence with many illustrations, with indexes of places, personal names and bibliography. Between about one quarter and one third of the entries are for tombs before 1600; the majority of these entries are for incised slabs, and sculpted effigies included are usually in very low relief. Further details can be obtained from

Mary Markus, 2004, ‘St Bride’s Douglas - a family mausoleum’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 134, 403-21

This study of the medieval effigies and their tombs in this church, cared for by Historic Scotland, took advantage of greater access to three of the five effigies, occasioned by their removal from the church during conservation work which began in January 2003 and is described in an appendix.

D.M. Palliser, 2004, ‘Royal Mausolea in the long Fourteenth Century (1271-1422)’, in W.M. Ormrod (ed.), Fourteenth Century England, 3 (Boydell, Woodbridge), 1-16

A synthesis and reassessment of intended and actual places of English royal burial and the chronology of the process by which Westminster Abbey became the pre-eminent royal mausoleum.

Nicholas Rogers, 2004, ‘ “Et expecto resurrectionem mortuorum”: images and texts relating to the resurrection of the dead and the Last Judgement on English brasses and incised slabs’, in Nigel Morgan (ed.), Prophecy, Apocalypse and the Day of Doom (Harlaxton Medieval Studies XII. Paul Watkins Publishing, Donington. ISBN 1900289 68 7), 342-355

Veronica Sekules, 2000, ‘Dynasty and patrimony in the self-construction of an English queen: Philippa of Hainault and her images’, in John Mitchell and Matthew Moran (eds), England and the Continent in the Middle Ages: studies in memory of Andrew Martindale (Harlaxton Medieval Studies VIII, Shaun Tyas, Stamford. ISBN 1 900289 43 1), 157-174 plus 11 b/w plates

Includes discussion of Philippa’s effigial tomb in Westminster Abbey.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs with Ralph A. Griffiths, 2005, The royal funerals of the House of York at Windsor (Richard III Society. 138 pp. incl. 21 b/w illus. ISBN 0 904893 15 4. Pbk. £10 plus p & p)

‘This includes enlarged and corrected versions of texts that originally appeared in The Ricardian, 9 (1997-99)’. Includes discussion of the original form and arrangement of Edward IV’s chantry chapel and monument.

Paul de Win, 2005, ‘ “Danse Macabre” around the tomb and bones of Margaret of York, The Ricardian, 15, 53-69

Not about the Danse Macabre per se; but concerns the lost tomb of Margaret, third and last wife of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, formerly in the Franciscan church at Malines; and whether her bones were ever found during several attempts to locate them. The precise form of the tomb is uncertain but it included a cadaver image of Margaret and another image, showing her kneeling and being presented to St Margaret.


Tim Ayers and Tim Tatton-Brown (eds), 2006, Medieval art, architecture and archaeology at Rochester (Brit. Archaeol. Assoc. Conference Transactions XXVII, Maney Publishing, Leeds. ISBN 1 904350 76 3 (978 1 904350 76 7) Hbk. £65; 1 904350 77 1 (978 904350 77 4) Pbk. £24.50)

Includes: John Crook, ‘The medieval shrines of Rochester Cathedral’, 114-129; Nigel Saul, ‘The medieval monuments of Rochester Cathedral', 164-180.

Sally Badham 2004, 'Cast copper-alloy tombs and London series B brass production in the late fourteenth century', Monumental Brass Society Transactions 17 , 105-27

This study analyses the lettering on the tombs in Westminster Abbey to Edward III, Richard II and Cardinal Langham, and the monument to the Black Prince in Canterbury Cathedral, showing them to be in the style of the London B brass engraving workshop. The evidence concerning the various craftsmen concerned suggests that Henry Yevele and Stephen Lote were involved in the production both of these tombs and of monumental brasses.

Sally Badham and Thomas Woodcock, 2006, ‘John Archibald Goodall, FSA (1930-2005)’, Coat of Arms, 2.1 (no. 211), Spring, 1-10

Tobias E Capwell, 2005, ‘Observations on the armour depicted on three mid-15th-century effigies in the Kirk of St Nicholas, Aberdeen’, Journal of the Armour Research Society, 1.1: 5-22

A very useful article. Through the kindness of our member Mrs Ann Norman, the author had access to the archive of our former President A.V.B. Norman whose book on Scottish ‘Lowland’ effigies was almost complete at the time of his death.

Francis Cheetham, 2005, English medieval alabasters, revised edn (Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2005. 368pp, 8 col. and 338 b/w illus.; ISBN 1843830094, Hbk. £90)

Essentially a reprint of the original edition of 1984 (Phaidon, Oxford) with an added, single-page introduction which gives the major publications etc. that have appeared since.

Paul Cockerham, 2004, 'The incised slab to an architect at Caudebec-en-Caux, Sein-Marne'. Monumental Brass Society Transactions 17, pp. 136-45.

The mural incised slab to Guillaume Le Tellier (d. 1484) has unusual iconography, including a skeleton man with a pair of compasses and set square, as well as a plan of the church and some builders' tools, but is shown to be a nineteenth century restoration.

Dagmar Eichberger (ed.), 2005, Women of Distinction: Margaret of York; Margaret of Austria (Brepols, Leuven)

Catalogue with introductory essays of an exhibition of the same title, held in Mechelen, Belgium, 17 Sept.-18 Dec. 2005, centred on Margaret of York (1446-1503), brother of Edward IV and wife of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (see de Win 2005, listed in last Newsletter); and Margaret of Austria (1480-1530), daughter of the Emperor Maximilian I and latterly wife of Philibert II of Savoy. Includes a chapter by Jens Ludwig Burk, ‘Conrad Meit, Court Sculptor to Margaret of Austria’ (pp. 277-285) which discusses the tomb of Margaret and Philibert in the Royal Monastery of Brou, Bourg-en-Bresse, made between 1526 and 1531, for which the contract survives. The tomb has double images of the couple: an effigy of each au vif, in marble, above; with an idealsied representation of each de la mort (dead but not decaying - though Sophie Osterwijk, Church Monuments, 20, 45, points out that the contract specifies ‘morte de huit jours’), in alabaster, below. In the latter Margaret is depicted as a beautiful young woman in contrast to the older face on the effigy above. The effigies are discussed in the context of other surviving ‘portrait’ busts of the couple.

John Fendley (ed.), 2005, Notes on the Diocese of Gloucester by Chancellor Richard Parsons, c. 1700 (Bristol & Gloucs Archaeol. Soc. (Records Series, 19). xxiii + 576 pp. (incl. index), 1 illus. ISBN 0 900197 64 1. Hbk)

An edition of the original notes in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Rawl. B.323. The introduction notes that ‘Parsons paid especial attention to recording monumental inscriptions’ but ‘some of the largest and most ancient of monuments go unremarked’. Mentions of medieval monuments are mostly brief. Appendices of ‘Notes added by Richard Rawlinson’ and ‘Translations of epitaphs in Latin and Greek’.

Heather Gilderdale Scott, 2005, '"this little Westminster": the chantry-chapel of Sir Henry Vernon at Tong, Shropshire', Jnl. Brit. Archaeol. Assoc., 158, 46-81

An in-depth study (which won the BAA’s Reginald Taylor Essay prize) of this chapel, which includes the monument to Sir Henry Vernon (d.1515) and his wife Anne. Related monuments at Tong and elsewhere are also discussed.

Elizabeth Wincott Heckett, 2002, ‘The Margaret Fitzgerald tomb effigy: a late medieval headdress and gown in St. Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny’, in Désirée G. Koslin and Janet Snyder (eds.), Encountering medieval textiles and dress: objects, texts, images (The new Middle Ages) (Palgrave, New York), 209-22

Not seen by PJL but reference found from The Royal Historical Society’s on-line Bibliography which contains many other references searchable by keywords ( Try searching on ‘effigies, funerary’ and ‘monuments, memorials and commemorations' for some further recent publications that have not all been listed in this Newsletter.

Christopher Herbert, 2006, ‘Permanent Easter sepulchres: a Victorian creation?', Church Archaeology, 7-9 (for 2003-5), 7-19

Aleksandra McClain, 2006, ‘A medieval grave slab from Northallerton, North Yorkshire: its style, use, and social contest’, Church Archaeology, 7-9 (for 2003-5), 131-4

Concerns an elaborate and unusual mid-12th-century grave slab, recently found hidden beneath the pews in All Saints church, inscribed ‘Nicol Scayl le Bone de Alertune’.

Harold Mytum and Kate Chapman, 2006, ‘The origin of the graveyard headstone: some 17th-century examples in Bedfordshire’, Church Archaeology, 7-9 (for 2003-5), 67-78

Kirsty Owen, 2006, ‘Iconographic representations of mortality and resurrection in 17th-century Gloucestershire’, Church Archaeology, 7-9 (for 2003-5), 79-95

Analyses the evidence from funerary monuments.

Warwick Rodwell, 2006, ‘Lichfield Cathedral: archaeology of the nave sanctuary’, Church Archaeology, 7-9 (for 2003-5), 1-6 & front cover

Includes discussion of the remarkable Anglo-Saxon carved slab (front cover), possibly from the shrine chest of St Chad. The slab, which retains considerable traces of polychromy, shows a figure of an angel, possibly the Archangel Gabriel from an Annunciation. See also British Archaeology, May/June 2006, 6-7.

Frits Scholten and Monique Verber, 2005, From Vulcan’s forge. Bronzes from the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam 1450-1800 (Daniel Katz, London. 174 pp. incl. many b/w & col. illus. ISBN 0-9545058-2-4. Pbk. £30)

Includes (as cat. no. 2) the ten surviving bronze ‘weepers’ (on loan to the Rijksmuseum from the City of Amsterdam), attributed to Jean Delemer or a follower, from the tomb of Isabella of Bourbon (d. 1465), second wife of Charles the Bold, originally in the mausoleum set up in 1476 by her daughter, Mary of Burgundy, in St Michael’s Abbey, Antwerp. The bronze effigy from the tomb is preserved in the Cathedral of Our Lady, Antwerp. Selections from the catalogue (including two of the weepers) were exhibited at Daniel Katz’s showrooms in Old Bond Street from 15 Nov. to 16 Dec. 2005 and a further selection is due to be exhibited at the Lichstenstein Museum, Vienna, 7 April to 3 July  2006.

Peter Sherlock, 2004, 'Monuments, Reputation and Clerical Marriage in Reformation England: Bishop Barlow's Daughters', Gender and History, 16: 57-82

T. van Bueren (ed.), 2005, Care for the here and the hereafter: Memoria, Art and Ritual in the Middle Ages (Brepols, Turnhout, Belgium. 332 pp., 127 b/w ill.+18 colour illus. ISBN 2-503-51508-8. Pbk. €95)

Titles of the papers are listed on Brepols webiste ( To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Philip Whittemore, 2004, 'The Guildford tomb in Chelsea Old Church'. Monumental Brass Society Transactions 17 pp. 132-35.

The article uses the evidence of an antiquarian drawing in BL MS Landsdown 874 to reconstruct the original appearance of the tomb to Lady Jane Guildford, Duchess of Northumberland (d. 1556); it is now badly damaged with the chest, canopy and pendant arches all lost.

Arne Karsten & Philipp Zitzlsperger (eds), 2004, Tod und Verklärung. Grabmalskulptur in der fruehen Neuzeit (Death and glorification. Monumental sculpture in the early modern age) (Böhlau Verlag, Cologne/Weimar/Vienna ( ISBN  3-412-14303-0  € 39.90)

This book contains a series of articles by different authors, mostly (but not exclusively) on Italian and papal monuments.

Hartmut Jericke, 2006, Begraben und Vergessen? Tod und Grablege der deutschen Kaiser und Koenige (To bury and forget? Death and interment of the German emperors and kings), 2 vols (DRW-Verlag Weinbrenner GmbH & Co, Leinfelden/Echterdingen (

Vol. I - from King Rudoph of Hapsburg to Emperor Rudolph II (1291-1612)

(128 pp, 20 illus. ISBN 3-87181-020-7. Hbk. €12.90)

Vol. II - from the beginning to the end of the Hohenstaufen dynasty (128 pp, 23 illus. ISBN 3-87181-023-1. Hbk. €12.90)

These are relatively inexpensive and popular books with brief entries for every emperor and king up to 1612 which might thus be a helpful guidebook for non-Germans.

Paul Cockerham, 2006, Continuity and change: memorialisation and the Cornish funeral monument industry (British Archaeological Reports 121, Archaeopress, Oxford. xv + 616 pp, incl. 13 maps, 264 figs, b/w plates etc. ISBN 1841719455. Pbk £62 (£52 from Oxbow books))

Based on the PhD thesis of our member Paul Cockerham. Not yet seen by Philip Lankester but latest Oxbow catalogue says: ‘presents an extensive appraisal of several cohesive style groups of monuments, being the products of specific monument workshops in Cornwall from the end of the fifteenth century to the Commonwealth’.

Sarah Houlbrooke, 2006, ‘A study of the materials and techniques of  [the] 13th century tomb of Aveine, Countess of Lancester [sic.], in Westminster Abbey’, The Conservator, 29 (for 2005/06), 105-116

An important study of one of the small number of British medieval sculpted tombs to retain a large proportion of its medieval polychromy.

Phillip Lindley 2006, ‘Two fourteenth-century tomb monuments at Abergavenny and the mournful end of the Hastings Earls of Pembroke’, in John R. Kenyon and Denise M. Williams (eds), Cardiff. Architecture and archaeology in the medieval Diocese of Llandaff (Brit. Archaeol. Assoc. Conference Transactions XXIX, Maney Publishing, Leeds. ISBN 1 904350 80 1 (978 1 904350 80 4) Hbk. £58; 1 904350 81 X (978 904350 81 1) Pbk. £24.50), 136-160

Harold Mytum, 2006, ‘Death, Burial and Commemoration: An Archaeological Perspective on Urban Cemeteries', in Adrian Green and Roger Leech (eds),

Cities In The World, 1500-2000 (Proceedings of the Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Conference, 2002, Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph No. 3. Maney Publishing, Leeds. vii + 336 pp. ISBN 1 904350 02 X (978-1-904350-02-6) Hbk. £75), 213-234

Nigel Saul, 2006, ‘The contract for the brass of Richard Willoughby (d. 1471) at Wollaton (Notts.)’, Nottingham Medieval Studies, 50, 166-93.

This very important article centres on a previously unknown draft contract dated 1466 for one of the finest and most accomplished brasses of the later 15th century, commissioned by Richard Willoughby in his lifetime at a cost of 8 marks (Nottingham University Library, Middleton Collection Mi 5/168/34). It is the only known contract with a named London marbler, proving that James Reames was producing London D style brasses from a workshop in the London Blackfriars in the 1460s, although some time before 1471 he moved to St Paul’s churchyard. Comparison with the surviving brass in Willoughby’s chantry chapel at Wollaton shows how closely Reames adhered to his instructions. Although impressive in its own right, the brass formed only part of the monument. The elaborate canopied recess and open tomb chest enclosing a stone cadaver must have been separately commissioned; sadly the contract for the stonework does not appear to survive.

Fergus Cannan, 2006, ‘Alabaster representations of the Holy Spirit and allegations of Lollard vandalism’, Sculpture Journal, 15.1, pp. 92-97.

Paul Cattermole (ed.), 2007, Wymondham Abbey. A history of the monastery and parish church (Wymondham Abbey Book Committee, Wymondham. ISBN 978 0 9554899 11 (Hbk), 978 0 9554899 03 (Pbk)).

Includes: Jonathan Finch, ‘The monuments’ , pp. 276-287, 298 (6 medieval brass indents, otherwise post-medieval and mainly 18th- or 19th-century); and Melanie Rolfe, ‘The sedilia’, pp. 288-9 - of terra-cotta and linked to a series of East Anglian tombs in the same material - see A.P. Baggs in Arch J., 125 (1968); D. Purcell in Trans Assoc. for Study & Conservation of Hist. Buildings, 1 (1973).

Jackie Hall and Christine Kratske (eds), 2005, Sepulturae Cisterciensis: Burial, memorial and patronage  in medieval Cistercian monasteries (special edition of Cîteaux - Comentarii Cisteriensis, 56. 420 pp., b & w illus.).

Much of interest for those who are good linguists. 13 articles in four languages: 5 English, 1 French, 4 German, 1 Spanish, plus Jackie Hall, Shelagh Sneddon and Nadine Sohr, ‘Table of legislation concerning the burial of laity and other patrons in Cistercian abbeys’, in Latin, with parallel translations in English, French and German, with two-page English introduction. Each paper has 100-150 word resumés in the three languages not used for the main text. Includes a long article (in German) by Annette Blattmacher on monuments in the Cistercian monasteries of Catalonia.

Sven Hauschke, 2005, Die Grabdenkmäler der Nürnberger Vischer-Werkstatt (1543-1544) [The funerary monuments of the Nuremburg Vischer workshop] ‘Bronzegeräte des Mittelalters’ Band 6 (Imhof Verlag, Petersberg ( 592 pp., 16 col. pls, & 483 b & w illus. ISBN: 3865680151. Hbk € 79.

To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Hadrien Kockerols, 1999-2004, Monuments funéraires en pays mosan (Les editions namuroises, Namur), vol. 5, Arrondissement de Philippeville. 252 pp. ISBN 2-930378-34-4. € 38.

For volumes 1-4 see Newsletter 21/2, p. 25.

Jonathan Marsden, ‘A newly discovered bust of Catherine de Medici by Germain Pilon’, Burlington Magazine, 148, no. 1245, Dec. 2006, pp. 833-836.

A bronze bust in the Royal Collection (at Windsor Castle), bearing the title ‘Marie de Medici’, is shown to be an adaptation of Pilon’s full-length effigy of Catherine de Medice, carved (with that of her consort of Henry II of France) between 1583 and 1590 for the Valois Mausoleum at St Denis, Paris.

Nicholas, Rogers, 2006, ‘Hic Iacet …: the location of monuments in late medieval parish churches’, in Clive Burgess and Eamon Duffy (eds), The parish in late medieval England. Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 14 (Shaun Tyas, Donnington, 2006), pp. 261-281, illus. 29-33.

A review of the whole volume will appear in Church Monuments.

Tony Trowles, 2005, A bibliography of Westminster Abbey: a guide to the literature of Westminster Abbey, Westminster School and St Margaret’s Church published between 1571 and 2000 (Westminster Abbey Record Series, Boydell Press, Woodbridge. 400 pp. 10 digit ISBN: 1843831546; 13 digit ISBN: 9781843831549. Hbk £50).

Finding the numerous publications on the Abbey is a headache for any researcher and this volume will be a great help. Arranged by theme with indexes of authors and subjects it ‘provides full bibliographical details of more than 3300 printed works, including parliamentary papers, editions of archival sources, guide books, theses, historical monographs and journal articles’. Section VII, ‘Death, Burial and Memorialization’, includes sub-sections on Monumental Brasses, Tombs and Monuments to 1600, and Tombs and Monuments from 1600. Section VIII, ‘The Museum and the Collections’, includes a sub-section on the funeral effigies.

Françoise Baron, 2006, ‘Le médican, le prince, les prélats et la mort. L’appiration du transi dans la sculpture française du Moyen Age’, Cahiers Archaeologiques, 51, pp. 125-158

A reconsideration of the factors contributing to the first appearance of cadaver tombs in France in the 1390s, with an examination of all the known French examples (surviving and lost) dating to before 1425. Among other things, the author shows that many of those commemorated had links to Louis, Duke of Orléans (murdered 1407; he requested a cadaver effigy in his will of 1403) or his father, Charles V.

Jerome Bertram, 2007, ‘From Duccius to Daubernon: Ancient Antecedents for Monumental Brass Design’, in L. Gilmour (ed.), Pagans and Christians – from Antiquity to the Middle Ages. Papers in honour of Martin Henig presented on the occasion of his 65th birthday, BAR International Series 1610, pp. 219-228

A useful survey of burial practice and commemoration from the Roman period to the end of the Middle Ages. It also has some interesting juxtapositions of illustrations of brasses and Roman funeral sculpture from Britain.

Paul Binski, 2006, ‘John the Smith’s Grave’, in Susan L’Engle and Gerald B. Guest (eds), Tributes to Jonathan J.G. Alexander. The Making and Meaning of Illuminated Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts, Art and Architecture (London, Harvey Miller. ix + 532 pp., ISBN 10: 1872501478; 13: 978-1872501475. Hbk € 200), pp. 386-93

Concerns the brass at Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire – a very early English inscription, formerly accompanied by a shield and, as first noted by Jerome Bertram, a shrouded demi-effigy (see John Blair, MBS Bulletin, 81, p. 431; Sally Badham, ‘Monumental Brasses and the Black Death – a Reappraisal’, Antiquaries J., 80, 2000, pp. 207-47, at p. 226).

P. Cockerham, 2007? ‘ “Three into one won’t go”: monuments in early modern Cornwall’, in Reiner Sörries and Stefanie Knöll (eds), Creating identities (proceedings of an international conference, 30 October - 2 November 2003, Kasseler Studien zur Sepulkralkulture, Band 11, Zentralinstiutut und Museum für Sepulkralkulture, Kassel) pp. 155-61

This article examines how the 16th century subjection of Cornish identity and autonomy and its consequent social tensions affected memorialisation in the county. At the start of the 16th century there was a tangible dichotomy between the commemoration of the aristocratic few, who favoured London-made tombs, and that of lower social orders, who chose verbal forms of memorialisation, such as guild rolls, until such options were denied by the Reformation. This lacuna was eventually filled by various tomb workshops favoured by different sections of Cornish society. Indigenous workshops catering for the lesser gentry began producing modest slate monuments in the last quarter of the 16th century. The new resident English pseudo-aristocracy which emerged by the beginning of the 17th century instead chose impressive 3-dimensional tombs from a Plymouth based workshop, while their counterparts with Cornish origins mostly ordered tombs made in Barnstaple from a type of alabaster quarried in Somerset.

Richard Cust, 2007, ‘Sir Henry Spelman investigates’, The Coat of Arms, 3rd series, 3, pt 1 (No. 213), Spring, pp. 25-34, col. pls 2, 3

Concerns a case brought before the Court of Chivalry in 1635 against Thomas Tuckfield of Tedbourne (Devon) who ‘was accused of having erected a large funeral monument in Credition church [in March 1630/31] on which “he hath placed arms and given his father the title of esquire”, in spite of the fact that his father, John, had been made to disclaim his gentility at the heralds’ visitation of Devon in 1620’.

Robert Favraud and Jean Michaud, 2000, 2002 Corpus des inscriptions de la France médiévale (Paris, CNRS Éditions, Pbk)

20: Côte d’Or (with Bernadette Mora) (2002, ix + 137 pp,. illus. ISBN 2271056616)

21: Yonne (2000, 360 pp., illus. ISBN 2271057698)

22: Calvados, Eure, Manche, Orne, Seine-Maritime (2002, 500 pp., illus. ISBN 2271060869)

The latest three volumes in this series which includes monumental inscriptions (several monuments are illustrated). The ‘medieval’ period covered by the Corpus ends at 1300.

David Gaimster, Sarah McCarthy and Bernard Nurse (eds), 2007, Making history. Antiquaries in Britain 1707-2007 (Royal Academy, London. ISBN 978-1-905711-03-1 (hbk); ISBN 978-1-905711-04-8 (pbk). 267 pp. incl. many col. illus. Hbk £40.00; Pbk £22.95 - at the time of the exhibition)

Catalogue of an exhibition at the Royal Academy, London (15 Sept.-2nd Dec. 2007) to mark the Tercentenary of the Society of Antiquaries of London. Includes a number of entries for exhibits connected with death, burial and monuments (including some by Sally Badham) and sections on the ‘Earliest antiquaries’ (largely by Graham Parry) and another on ‘Opening the tomb’ (with an introductory essay by Barry Marsden and Bernard Nurse).

Hadrien Kockerols, 2007, Monuments funéraires en pays mosan vol. 6, la Pointe de Givet. (Les editions namuroises, Namur, 160 pp. ISBN 978-2-930378-44-2. € 38).

Tombs and epitaphs 1200-1800. For vols 1-4 see Newsletter 21.2, p. 25; for vol. 5 see Newsletter 23.1, p. 24.

D.P. Mortlock and C.V. Roberts, 2007, The Guide to Norfolk Churches, (2nd revised and enlarged edn, The Lutterworth Press, Cambridge. 400 pp., illus., ISBN 13: 9780718830649. Pbk £25.00/US$52.50).

Includes some mentions of church monuments. Its sister publication The Guide to Suffolk Churches by D.P. Mortlock is currently under revision and will be published in the near future.

Ian Panter and Richard Hall, 2007, ‘Gingering up the Viking age in Lythe’, Yorkshire Archaeology Today, 13, Autumn, pp. 16-18

A Heritage Lottery Fund grant is enabling the better public display of what is numerically the largest collection of hogback grave markers at one site – at Lythe (North Yorkshire). Conservation of one of them, formerly in the churchyard (Lang no. 29), by the York Archaeological Trust has revealed for the first time, on one side, a crude human figure between two animals, which is compared with a similar scene on a hogback grave marker at Sockburn (Co. Durham).

Gordon Le Pard, 2007, ‘Two Purbeck marble coffin lids from Bincombe - with a Thomas Hardy connection’, Procs Dorset Nat. Hist. & Archaeol. Soc., 128, pp. 118-120

Concerns two medieval cross slab grave covers, in the churchyard, believed by local tradition to mark the burial place of two executed deserters from the German Legion (recorded in the parish registers) which record was the basis of Thomas Hardy’s short story ‘The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion’. However, it is pointed out that Hardy states several times that the graves were unmarked.

Margaret Pullen, 2007? (due November), The Monuments of the Parish Church of St Peter-at-Leeds (Maney Publishing, Leeds, about 244 pp, illus. ISBN 978 1 905981 52 6. Pbk £24.50/US$49).

For advance orders, contact Maney Publishing at Suite 1C, Joseph's Well, Hanover Walk, Leeds LS3 1AB or at

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 2007?, Isabella’s Weeper’s. Ten statues from a Burgundian tomb (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. 64 pp., 70 col. illus. Dutch and English editions. Pbk € 14.95. Can be ordered from the museum’s website:

Weepers from the tomb of Isabella of Bournon (d 1465), second wife of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Some of these figures were included in the exhibition catalogue by Frits Scholten and Monike Verber, From Vulcan's forge..., listed in Newsletter 21.1 and reviewed by Sally Badham in Church Monuments, 21, 2006, pp. 194-6

Simon Roffey, 2006, ‘Constructing a vision of salvation: chantries and the social dimension of religious experience in the medieval parish church’, Archaeol. J., 163, pp. 122-146

Seeks to increase the understanding of the ritual topography of churches, [articularly chantry chapels, by considering site lines, especially those enabled by squints.


J.B. Trapp†, 2006, ‘Petrachan places. An essay in the iconography of commemoration’, J. Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 69, pp. 1-50

Includes a long discussion of Petrarch’s tomb, erected by his son-in-law Francescuolo, about 1374) in the burial ground of Sta Maria, Arquà Petrarca and the bronze head which was added in 1547 but now is preserved separately at the Casa Pertarca at Arquà. The tomb comprises a rectangular sarcophagus raised high on four columns, the whole of red Verona marble. Professor J. B. Trapp, formerly of the Warburg Institute, died in July 2005: see obituary in The Times, 3 August.

Wendy Walters-DiTraglia, 2007, ‘Death, commemoration and the heraldic funeral in Tudor and Stuart Cheshire and Lancashire’: Pt I, The Coat of Arms, 3rd series, 3, pt 1 (No. 213), Spring, pp. 35-54, col. pls 4, 5; Pt II, ibid., 3, pt 2 (No. 214), Autumn, pp. 103-116, col. pls 1 & 2

Pt I includes discussion of monuments and illus. of examples (in Lancs) at Winwick, and (in Cheshire) at Macclesfield (col. pl.  5), Over Peover (incl. col. pl. 4) and Gawsworth (Cheshire). Pt II focuses on the funerals of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby; Sir John Savage of Rock Savage and Sir Peter Leigh of Lyme, and includes col. illus. of effigies of Sir John Savage (d. 1597) and wife Elizabeth at Macclesfield (Cheshire) and alabaster effigies of c.1500 at Ormskirk (Lancashire), said to have come from Burscough Priory.

James Wilkinson, 2007, Henry VII’s Lady Chapel in Westminster Abbey (JW-Publications, Barnes, London. ISBN 0-9552470-2-0; 987-0-9552470-2-6. 40 pp. plus covers.

Includes several col. illus. of tombs.

Yorkshire Archaeological Society Family History Section, 2007, War memorials in the cemeteries of Leeds: inscriptions and details (YAS, Leeds. iv + 32 pp. ISBN 978-1-903564-95-0. 3 b/w illus. and 8 col. illus. (on covers). Pbk £4.00 plus 50p. p & p)

A record of the inscriptions on each monument with an index of names, compiled by Margaret Ford and others. Copies may be ordered from: Mrs Anne Hill, Publications Sales, Family History Section - Y.A.S., Claremont, 23 Clarendon Road, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS2 9NZ or at

Sally Badham, 2007, ‘Whose body? Monuments displaced from St Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey’, J. British Archaeol. Assoc., 160, pp. 129-146

Considers four monuments as candidates for the one moved in 1395 to make way for the tomb of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia in the Confessor's Chapel: the Cosmatesque tomb in the south ambulatory, the tomb in the Chapel of St John the Baptist, known as the 'de Bohun tomb' (which Badham clearly demonstrates it cannot be), and the two tombs in the Chapel of Sts Edmund and Thomas: those of John of Eltham and William of Valence; concluding that the latter tomb is the most likely to have been moved from the nite now occupied by Richard II's tomb.

Sally Badham, 2007, ‘Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey: the origins of the Royal mausoleum and its Cosmatesque pavement’, Antiquaries J., 87, pp. 197-219

Examines evidence for early burials in St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Westminster, making use of recent surveys by ground penetrating radar to locate probable, below-adult-size, burial cists, now covered by the Cosmatesque pavement surrounding the shrine. Consderation of the liekly candidates for these burials leads to the conclusions (1) that the establishment of a Royal mausoleum in the Abbey, usually dated to the 1290's went back some decades earlier and (2) that the Cosmatesque pavement was not laid down until the 1290's. It is further argued that this later dating of the shrine pavement, combined with observations on its construction (compared with the Sanctuary pavement and the shrine base), argues for it being made by English craftsmen after the departure of the Italians who were brought over for the earlier Cosmatesque works.

Ron Baxter, 2007, ‘The tombs of the archbishops of Mainz’, in Ute Engel and Alexandra Gajewski (eds), Mainz and the Middle Rhine Valley, (British Archaeological Assoc. Conference Transactions, 30, Leeds, British Archaeological Association and Maney Publishing. ISBN 978-1-904350-83-5 (Hbk), 978-1-904350-82-8 (Pbk)), pp. 68-79.

Synopsis: ‘Mainz Cathedral is unique in possessing memorials to its archbishops, in the form of [mostly relief effigial] tomb-slabs, that make up an almost complete series, ranging in date from the 13th century to the 19th. These slabs simultaneously constitute a wonderful corpus of German memorial sculpture and giv[not b]e expression to the singular status of the arch-diocese of Mainz. This article concentrates on the 13th-, 14th- and 15th-century memorials, exploring the kinds of message they may have been intended to transmit, and their status as tomb imagery’.

P[aul] Cockerham, 2007 ‘ “To mak a Tombe for the Earell of Ormon and to set it up Iarland”: Renaissance ideals in Irish funeral monuments’, in Thomas Herron and Michael Potterton (eds), Ireland in the Renaissance c. 1540-1660 (Dublin, Four Courts Press. 384 pp. ISBN 978-1-85182-988-0. Hbk. € 55), pp. 195-230

Examines aspects of the monuments industry in Kilkenny between 1560 and 1660, looking especially at the impact of the deliberately antiquarianised Butler tombs in St Candice ‘s cathedral and elsewhere in the Butler sphere of influence ordered en bloc by Piers Ruadh Butler to underpin his legitimate but contested inheritance of the earldom of Ormond; and the lost monument made by Nicholas Stone in 1614 to Piers’s successor, the 9th earl of Ormond, (known as Black Tom), the design of which probably inspired the early 17th-century Renaissance-style tombs produced by native craftsmen to Sir Richard and Elias Shee and John Roth Fitzpiers in St. Mary’s. Kilkenny.

Nancy Edwards, 2007, ‘Edward Lhuyd and the origins of early medieval Celtic archaeology’, Antiquaries J., 87, pp. 165-196

‘The Welshman Edward Henry Lhuyd (?1659/60-1709), Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum [Oxford] was a naturalist, philologist and antiquarian’. Assesses ‘his methodology for recording early medieval antiquities - particularly inscribed stones and stone sculpture in Wales and the Celtic regions’. Several memorial stones and cross slabs are discussed and illustrated.

T Fanning and M Clyne (eds), 2007, Kells Priory, Co. Kilkenny: archaeological investigations (Dublin, The Stationery Office. ISBN 0-7557-7582-1. €40)

Section 7.1, ‘The medieval funerary monuments’ by J. Higgins, pp. 453-467, includes low relief and incised cross slabs, sunken relief head slabs and one effigy fragment (upper body, less head).

Sam Fogg, 2007 Art of the Middle Ages, (Sam Fogg (dealer), London. ISBN 978-0-9553393-1-8. Pbk. £20 from Sam Fogg’s shop at 15D Clifford Street, London)

Fully illustrated catalogue of items, most or all of which were offered for sale. Includes a ‘weeper’ from the tomb of Aymon le Pacifique, Count of Savoy, formerly at the Abbey of Hautecombe, carved by Jean de Brecquessent (fl. 1299-1342) between 1331 and 1342. This figure was still displayed in Sam Fogg’s shop in late April 2008.

T Forsyth-Moser (ed.), 2008, Who do you think they were. The memorials of Ripon Cathedral, (Ripon. 128 pp. with many colour and b/w illustrations. ISBN: 978-0-9531979-2-7. Pbk. £7.50)

This book is written by a group of local enthusiasts. It is aimed primarily at the general market, although the dedicated students of church monuments will also find it a worthwhile buy. It covers all types of monuments right up to the 20th century, including graveyard monuments and WWI memorials, most of which are illustrated by good quality photographs. A mainly thematic approach is adopted (e.g. women and children; memorials to clergymen; memorials with an American connection), although there is a chronological focus to other chapters (medieval tombs; 17th century) and there are specialist sections on epitaphs, symbols and heraldry. It is well presented and written in a lively, accessible style.  It is an ideal beginner's book, which hopefully will lead some readers to a deeper interest in church monuments.

Robin Griffith-Jones, [2008], The Temple Church [London]. A history in pictures, n.p. 83 pp., many illus., at least half in colour. Obtainable at the Temple Church. Price: £10, or by post (plus £1 for p. & p.) from Henrietta Amodio, The Master's House, Temple, London EC4Y 7BB. Cheques should be made payable to ‘The Temple Church’.

Published to coincide with an exhibition held at the Temple Church and a linked conference held at the Courtauld Institute on 14 June: ‘In despight of the devouring flame: the history, architecture and effigies of the Temple Church’. Both events celebrated the 400th anniversary of the granting of the Temple to the two Inns of Court, the Inner and Middle Temple, by James I in 1608. Includes several illustrations of the effigies and later monuments, in their former and current states (pp. 28-35, 38).

Jackie Hall, 2007, ‘Croxden Abbey church: architecture, burial and patronage’, J. British Archaeol. Assoc., 160, pp. 39-128

Includes sections on the death and burial of the Verduns (patrons of the abbey) and on other burials there with discussion and illustrations of the later 13th- or early 14th-century effigy, the palimpsest brass at Norbury (Derbys), presumed to commemorate Matilda de Verdun (d.1312) and two cross slab fragments.

C Heighway and R Bryant, 2007, The tomb of Edward II: a royal Monument in Gloucester Cathedral. (Past Historic, Kings Stanley, Stonehouse, 16 pp. incl. many illus, ISBN 9780955709302. Pbk £4.95)

After a short introduction this booklet analyses the form and structure of the tomb (built of Purbeck marble, oolitic limestone with an alabaster effigy) through a series of sequenced diagrams and detailed photographs with captions. Notice by Norman Hammond in The Times, 31 Dec. 2007, p. 49.

Phillip Lindley, 2007, ‘The funeral and tomb effigies of Queen Katherine of Valois and King Henry V’, J. British Archaeol. Assoc., 160, pp. 165-177

Synopsis: ‘This paper re-examines the identification and function of the funeral effigy of Queen Katharine of Valois in Westminster [Abbey]. The antiquarian evidence is analysed and the fate of her lost tomb-monument is discussed, as also is the scandalous neglect of the queen’s remains after they were exhumed in the early 16th century until their translation into the upper part of Henry V’s chantry chapel in the time of Dean Stanley.

Phillip Lindley, 2007, Tomb destruction and scholarship. Medieval monuments in early modern England (Donington, Shaun Tyas. ISBN 1 900289 873 (ten digits) & 978-1900289-870 (thirteen digits). Hbk. £35)

The first three chapters examine and analyse the causes and consequences of the destruction of tomb monuments resulting from the 16th-century Reformation and the 17th-century religious and political upheavals, including the arguments and legislation in defence of tombs and of their study by antiquaries. The last three chapters explore these themes through case studies of King Arthur’s tomb at Glastonbury, the Percy Tomb in Beverley Minster and the Herbert monuments at Abergavenny. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Aleksandra McClain, 2007, ‘Medieval cross slabs in the North Riding of Yorkshire’, Yorkshire Archaeol. J., 79, pp. 155-193

From the synopsis: ‘This article undertakes a systematic archaeological investigation of the cross slabs of the North Riding …, exploring their stylistic features and chronological development …, as well as examining the monuments within the physical and social contexts which were essential to their creation and use’.

Susie Nash (with contributions from Till-Holger Borchert and Jim Harris), 2007, ‘No equal in any land’. André Beauneveu, artist to the courts of France and Flanders (Paul Holberton Publishing, London, 216 pp. incl. many illus. (all but a few in colour). ISBN (English edition) 978 903470 66 4 (Dutch & French editions also available). Pbk. £30.

Published to accompany the exhibition ‘The dawn of the Burgundian age: André Beauneveu, artist to the courts of France and Flanders’, at the Groeningenmuseum, Bruges, 14 September 2007 - 6 January 2008. The star exhibit was a statue of the Virgin and Child, known as the Aynard Virgin, which had recently reappeared on the market after many years in a private collection. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Roberta Panzanelli with Eike Schmidt and Kenneth Lapatin (eds), 2008, The Color of Life: Polychromy in Sculpture from Antiquity to the Present. exhib cat. 200 pages, 9 x 12 in., 166 colour and 10 b/w illustrations. Hbk ISBN 978-0-89236-917-1, $75; Pbk, ISBN 978-0-89236-918-1, $49.95

(from the Getty website: ‘Published to coincide with an exhibition [at] the J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa [Malibu, California] from 6 March to 23 June, 2008 … The works are presented not chronologically but in pairings and sequences that inspire insightful connections, tracing aspects of the impulse that through the ages has inspired sculptors to endow otherwise monochrome figures with the color of life’. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Simon Roffey, 2007, The medieval chantry chapel: an  archaeology (Boydell & Brewer, Woodbridge, 208 pp incl. 37 b & w & 36 line illus., selected gazetteer, bibliography & index. ISBN 978 1 84383 334 5. Hbk. £40.

Contents (taken from the publisher’s flyer): (1) Introduction, (2) Medieval visions of the afterlife, (3) Setting the context: early origins and influences on later medieval chantry, (4) Sources and approaches, (5) Medieval chantry chapels: form and fabric, (6) The social and religious context of chantry chapels in the medieval parish, (7) The Reformation and chantry chapels, (8) Case studies: Stoke Charity, Bridgwater and Mere, (9) Conclusions. For the author’s 2006 article on this theme see Newsletter 23/2, p. 30.

Nigel Saul, 2007, ‘The growth of a mausoleum: the pre-1600 tombs and brasses of St George’s Chapel, Windsor’, Antiquaries J., 87, pp. 220-258

From the Synopsis: ‘A comprehensive study is attempted of the pre-1600 monuments in the St George’s Chapel … Use is made for the first time of … the set of plans of the chapel floors made by Henry Emlyn in 1789 [which] show the chapel once to have contained a large collection of monumental brasses [the great majority of which] commemorated the deans and canons who served the chapel. It is argued that the character of the chapel as a mausoleum changed after 1475, when Edward IV embarked on the building of the present fabric. From this time, the ranks of the commemorated expanded to include layfolk, particularly Knights of the Garter and men with royal connections, while, alongside the brasses, big sculpted monuments were commissioned in the side chapels of the building’.

Christopher Starr, 2007 Medieval mercenary. Sir John Hawkwood of Essex, (Essex Record Office, Chelmsford), ISBN 978-1-898529-27-9. 92 pp with many colour illustrations. £9.99.

Drawn from information on the ERO website: ‘tells the story of Sir John Hawkwood of Sible Hedingham, the most famous condottiere of his day. Hawkwood's rise from ordinary solider to commanding general is described, as is his marriage to Donnina Visconti, daughter of the tyrant of Milan.’ It deals with Hawkwood’s two monuments: one, in the Duomo, Florence, is a fresco of an equestrian monument and the other, in his chantry at Sible Hedenham, Essex, is a canopied tomb chest. Various other monuments of descendants are also illustrated. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

J P G Taylor, 2008(?) A fair gate to oblivion. A celebration of the English epitaph, (Ricall, York, Oblong (publishers). vii. + 208 pp, 37 illus. ISBN 978 9536574 9 0 Pbk  £18 plus p & p.)

Extracted from publisher’s flyer: This ‘book includes almost 400 examples of the genre [of the English epitaph], about one third of which are drawn from Yorkshire … The work is not an anthology, but rather an explanation of the changing language of the epitaph and the way in which it has reflected changing religious beliefs and social attitudes’.

Jean Wilson, 2007, ‘Anyone for tennis? The monument to Captain Gervase Scrope in St Michael’s, Coventry’, Antiquaries J., 87, pp. 357-364.

Synopsis: ‘The monument to Captain Gervase Scrope was destroyed in 1940, but a rubbing survives in the Society [of Antiquaries of London]’s collections. It alludes to Real Tennis, and in doing so takes part in a debate extending from Plautus to Stephen Hawking about the attitude of the Creator to the universe, although the side it takes is, in an ecclesiastical setting, unexpected’.

Alex Woodcock, 2007, ‘Death and the mermaid: the carved capitals at St Michael’s Horwood (North Devon) and their patron’, J. British Archaeol. Assoc., 160, pp. 147-164

Includes discussion and illustration of the mid-15th-century alabaster female civilian effigy in the north chapel.

John Ashdown-Hill, 2008, ‘The opening of the tombs of the Dukes of Richmond and Norfolk, Framlingham, April 1841: the account of the Reverend J.W. Darby’, The Ricardian, 18, pp. 100-107.

Darby records six bodies, found in vaults under the two tombs, which it is conjectured were those of  the 3rd Duke of Norfolk, who was buried at Framlingham from the outset, and five of his family whose bodies were removed from Thetford Priory (Norfolk) after the Dissolution.

Jean Wilson draws attention to the Peterhouse Annual Record (an outstandingly good publication for alumni of that College), covering the years 2004/5, which takes death as its theme. It contains a number of articles of interest to members, including one by James Stevens Curl on monuments to the Curl family at Soberton in Hampshire. There are also a number of funerary-themed cartoons.

Paul Everson and David Stocker, ‘Masters of Kirkstead: hunting for salvation', in John McNeill (ed.) King’s Lynn and the Fens: Medieval art, architecture and archaeology (Brit. Archaeol. Assoc. Conf. Trans XXXI, for 2005, Leeds. 256 pp., incl. 214 b & w figs + 8 pp. col. pls including 12 figs. ISBN 978 1 906540 15 9 Hbk, £72; ISBN 978 1 906540 16 5 Pbk, £34), pp. 83-111

Interprets the detached, 13th-century St Leonard’s chapel, not (as traditionally proposed) a capella ante portas (which makes no sense in terms of the main approach to the abbey) but as a chantry chapel with the thirteenth-century Purbeck marble effigy as a central focus, commemorating either Robert de Tateshale 3 (d. 1249) or, less probably, made retrospectively for his father, Robert de Tateshale 2 (d. 1212) at the institution of the chantry. This volume to be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Jean Gidman, 2008, ‘The identity of the effigies in the Derby Chapel, Ormskirk Parish Church: a re-assessment’, Aspects of Heraldry, no. 22, pp. 15-21. Available from David M, Krause, Hon FHS, 6 Carrara Road, Wyke, Bradford , BD12 9LH, price £4 plus 50 p. p & p; cheques payable to Yorkshire Heraldry Society.

Concerns the four alabaster effigies - two military and two female civilian, now arranged as two pairs. On the basis of heraldry on the tabards of the two ‘knights’ and the instructions for a series of effigies (‘personage’) at Burscough Priory in the will of the 1st Earl of Derby (d. 1504) the surviving effigies are identified as for: Thomas Stanley, 2nd Lord Stanley and 1st Earl of Derby; his second wife Lady Margaret Beaufort (d. 1509); his father, Thomas Stanley, 1st Lord Stanley (d. 1458/9); and either the first Earl’s first wife Eleanor Neville (d. before Nov. 1482) or his mother Joan Goushill (who survived her husband). Although not mentioned in the article, it is interesting that both Lady Margaret Beaufort and the 1st Earl also had cast copper alloy effigies, the former in Westminster Abbey and the latter lost (see J. Harvey, English Medieval Architects, 2nd edn 1984, p. 128).

Mark Horton and Katherine Robson Brown, 2007, ‘An aristocratic mausoleum at Grosbot Abbey (Poitou-Charente, France)’, in Michael Costen (ed.), People and places: essays in honour of Mick Aston (Oxford, Oxbow Books. ISBN 978-1-84217-251-3), pp. 137-165

Concerns a freestanding mausoleum, in use between about 1200 and 1300. Its location to the east of the claustral buildings of the Cistercian monastery raises interesting questions about access. Although most of the monuments and surface grave covers had been robbed from the graves (which included both stone sarcophagi and slab-built burial places) one coffin had a cross on its underside which was interpreted as a substantial grave marker which had been had been turned over, and hollowed out for re-use as a coffin. This coffin stood on one half of an intriguing slab-built pair of burial chambers in the centre of the building, each half of which had a lower burial chamber accessed by slabs with rings in the floor of the upper levels. It is likely this was to provide a receptacle for charnel when the upper compartments were re-used.

Sam Hutchison, 2008, The Light of Other Days: A selection of monuments, mausoleums and memorials in Church of Ireland churches and graveyards and those whom they commemorate (Dublin, Wordwell, 2008, 160 pp. Incl. 120 col. illus; ISBN 978-1-905569-19-9. Hbk. €35).

An interesting and lavishly illustrated survey by an enthusiast which provides an interesting introductory survey of Irish memorials and sets them in their historical context.

William Lack, H. Martin Stuchfield and Philip Whittemore, 2008, The monumental brasses of Herefordshire (The County Series, Stratford St Mary.

xx + 251 pp. incl. many b. & w. illus. ISBN 978 0 9554484 0 9 Pbk £35 incl. p & p.). Copies obtainable from: The County Series, Lowe Hill House,

Stratford St Mary, Suffolk, CO7 6JX. Cheques should be made payable to 'The County Series'.

The latest volume in this important and impressive series, giving a detailed listing of the monumental brasses of the English counties, is published in memory of our late member John Coales (see obituary by Paul Cockerham, Church Monuments, 22, 2007, pp. 159-160). Previously published volumes are also available from the same address as follows (all prices incl. p & p): Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to Durham: £20 each; Essex to Herefordshire:

£35 each; Berkshire and Buckinghamshire are out of print but a CD version is available at £20.

Julian M. Luxford, 2008, ‘The tomb of Sir Humphrey de Littlebury at All Saints, Holbeach’, in John McNeill (ed.) King’s Lynn and the Fens: Medieval art, architecture and archaeology (Brit. Archaeol. Assoc. Conf. Trans XXXI, for 2005, Leeds. 256 pp., incl. 214 b & w figs + 8 pp. col. pls including 12 figs. ISBN 978 1 906540 15 9 Hbk, £72; ISBN 978 1 906540 16 5 Pbk, £34), pp. 148-169

Analyses this important and unusual tomb and concludes that the chest was made about the time of Sir Humphrey’s death in 1339 and that the effigy was added about 20 years later. This volume to be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Julian M Luxford, 2008, ‘The Collegiate Church as Mausoleum’, in Clive Burgess and Martin Heale (eds), The Late Medieval English College and its Contents (York Medieval Press (Boydell & Brewer), Woodbridge. 312 pp. incl. 6 b/w & 2 line illus. ISBN: 9781903153222. Hbk £45), pp. 110-139.

Nigel Saul, [2006], ‘Shadows of the past: indents of lost brasses in the Rutland Chapel [St Georges’ Chapel, Windsor]’, Society of Friends of St George’s and Descendants of Knights of the Garter, Annual Report, 2005/2006, pp. 374-79.

Four of the indents are illustrated by colour photographs.

Nigel Saul, 2008, ‘The medieval monuments of St Mary’s, Barton-on-Humber [Lincs]’,  in Matthew Davies & Andrew Prescott (eds), London and the Kingdom: essays in honour of Caroline Barron (Procs of the 2004 Harlaxton Symposium, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, XVI, Shaun Tyas, Donington), pp. 265-71 & Pls 19-23.

Discusses the important but worn collection of brasses and incised slabs, many imported from the Low Countries, in the social and economic context of the port of Barton and those commemorated.

This volume to be reviewed in Church Monuments

Jane Spooner, 2008, ‘The fourteenth-century wall-paintings at Castle Acre Priory and Greyfriars, Great Yarmouth’, in John McNeill (ed.) King’s Lynn and the Fens: Medieval art, architecture and archaeology (Brit. Archaeol. Assoc. Conf. Trans XXXI, for 2005), Leeds. 256 pp., incl. 214 b & w figs + 8 pp. col. pls including 12 figs. ISBN 978 1 906540 15 9 Hbk, £72; ISBN 978 1 906540 16 5 Pbk, £34, pp. 170-85 & col. Pls 6 & 7A.

The Great Yarmouth Greyfriars paintings are on a pair canopied tomb recesses, (each containing a plain Purbeck marble slab), here dated to about 1310 and originally situated in the south wall of the friary church nave. In addition to polychromy on the canopies’ tracery, the back wall of the better preserved recess is divided into a pair of painted canopies with a female head under one of them. This volume to be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Christian Steer, 2008, ‘Commemoration and women in medieval London’, in Matthew Davies & Andrew Prescott (eds), London and the Kingdom: essays in honour of Caroline Barron (Procs of the 2004 Harlaxton Symposium, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, XVI), Shaun Tyas, Donington), pp. 230-45 & Pls 24-28.

Uses the evidence of John Stow’s survey and other sources to examine lost monuments. Appendix II is a list of ‘surviving monuments to women in [the City of] London’ down to 1594. This volume to be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Danielle Westerhof, 2008, Death and the body in medieval England  (Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 300 pages pp. 3 b/w illus., 1 line illus. ISBN 978 1 84383 416 8. Hbk £50).

(adapted from publisher’s summary) Examines how contemporary ideas about death and dying disrupted the abstract early medieval ideal of the aristocratic body. Explores the meaning of aristocratic funerary practices such as embalming and heart burial, and, conversely, looks at what the gruesomely elaborate executions of aristocratic traitors in England around the turn of the fourteenth century reveal about the role of the body in perceptions of group identity and society at large.

John Ashdown-Hill, 2008, ‘The epitaph of Richard III’, The Ricardian, 18, pp. 31-45

Although Richard III’s alabaster tomb at Leicester does not survive, various transcripts of the inscription are known. Previously dismissed as a seventeenth-century invention, it is shown to be consistent with a date of c.1495, the date the tomb was made, and is addressed to Henry VII in person. Reasons are explored as to why it lacks hostility to Richard III, while also praising Henry VII.

Sally Badham and Geoff Blacker, 2009, Northern Rock: The Use of Egglestone Marble for Monuments in Medieval England . British Archaeological Reports, 480, Oxford. vi + 187 pp. incl. gazetteer, catalogues, data Appendices; illus. throughout with figs, maps, plans, drawings and photographs, incl. 3 col. Pls. ISBN 9781407304151. Pbk £38.00)

(adapted from the publisher’s web site) Egglestone marble, which has received little attention in the past, is one of a group of so-called sedimentary ‘marbles’, such as the better-known Purbeck and Tournai marbles, capable of receiving a high polish. When freshly quarried it is suitable for detailed carving, and the fact that it is capable of being extracted in very large blocks and slabs. The description of the stone in this study is based on polished samples taken from the quarry known as ‘Abbey Quarry’, in the North Riding of Yorkshire.. No examples have been found of the stone’s deployment for columns or other structural elements in buildings, but there is a wealth of material and documentary evidence of its widespread employment for other artifacts, including tomb-chests, low relief and incised slabs, slabs for monumental brasses and other grave slabs. (This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments by Tim Palmer)

Fraser Brown and Christine Howard-Davis 2008, Norton Priory: Monastery to Museum. Excavations 1970-87 (Lancaster imprints 16, Oxford Archaeology North. 473 pp., 296 figs and 234 pls. ISBN(13) 978-0-904220-52-0; ISBN(10) 0-904220-52-4. Pbk £48.50)

Includes: Laurence Keen, ‘The Medieval Tiled Floors of the Priory’. Tile Group 7 (pp. 257-9) are tiles with hand-incised curved and undulating lines representing mail, interpreted as coming from a tile mosaic monumental military figure, here dated to the first half of the fourteenth century. Some other tile mosaic pieces may be from the same monument. Such monuments are rare in this country: fragments of other tile effigies from Whalley Abbey (Lancs) and Warden Abbey (Beds) are mentioned. There are also sections (not yet seen by PJL) on the stone grave covers and markers and on the well-known stature of St Christopher.

Brian Carne, 2007, Curiously painted: an illustrated history of the St. John family polyptych at Lydiard Tregoze: its makers and its message (Friends of Lydiard Park, Bierton. 246 pp. ISBN(13) 978-0-9555357-0-3. Pbk £29.50)

Joan Coutu, 2006, Persuasion and Propaganda: Monuments and the Eighteenth-Century British Empire (Montreal, Canada, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 496 pp., 160 pp. of  b & w illus. ISBN(13) 9780773531307. Hbk. US $60.00; CA $ 60.00

(edited from the publisher’s website): In the eighteenth century sugar planters, merchants, aristocrats, politicians, and governments erected hundreds of commemorative monuments throughout the British Empire as expressions of social status, personal dynasties, territorial occupation, and imperial ambitions. In a culture transformed by the rising merchant class, these monuments – inherently public and hopefully permanent – underscored the economic, political, and cultural complexities of the emerging empire. Persuasion and Propaganda is the first study of these works of art within the framework of colonial politics and political culture. From private funeral monuments in the West Indies to works erected by the East India Company and the British Parliament, Coutu shows how the youthful British Empire saw itself and validated its mission through sculpture.

Matthew Craske, 2007, The Silent Rhetoric of the Body: A History of Monumental Sculpture and Commemorative Art in England, 1720-1770 (Yale University Press, London & New Haven. 256 pp, 60 b & w illus. ISBN(13): 978-0-300-14603-7. Hbk £45)

Reviewed by Simon Watney, Church Monuments, 23, 2008, pp 156-8

(adapted from publisher’s information) This book is the first to examine eighteenth-century British funeral monuments in their social, as well as their artistic, context, looking not only at the sculptors who created the monuments, but also the people who commissioned them and the people they commemorated. The author begins by analyzing the relationship of tomb designs to the changing and diverse culture of death in eighteenth-century England, and then explains conditions of production and the shifting dynamics of the market. He concludes with an analysis of the motivations of the people who commissioned monuments, from aristocrats to merchants and professional people.

Antje Fehrmann, 2008, Grab und Krone. Koënigsgrabmaëler im mittelalterlichen England und die posthume Selbstdarstellung der Lancaster (Tombs and the Crown. Royal tombs in medieval England and the posthumous Lancastrian self-representation) (Deutscher Kunstverlag, München-Berlin. 320 pp., incl. 142 b & w figs plus 30 col. illus. ISBN(13) 978-3-422-06728-8. Hbk €51)

To be reviewed by Sophie Ooterwijk.

A. A. Gill, 2009, 'Where the dead don't sleep', National Geographic, 215, No. 2, February 2009, pp. 118-134 & 148.

Concerns mummies in Sicily, mostly nineteenth-century; with some rather gruesome photographs. As the mummies can be viewed, they might be considered to form a sort of memorial – a sort of auto-icon, reminiscent of Jeremy Bentham’s at University College, London; or of the bodies of saints exposed to view in some Catholic churches, especially in Italy.

Madeleine Gray, 2006, ‘The medieval bishops’ effigies at Llandaff Cathedral’, Archaeologia Cambensis, 153, for 2004, pp. 37-50

Demonstrates the difficulties of reconciling antiquarian accounts with the effigies now surviving and suggests some possible solutions.

Barbara J. Harris, 2009, ‘The Fabric of Piety: Aristocratic Women and Care of the Dead, 1450–1550’,  Journal of British Studies, April, 48, No. 2, pp. 308-335

Alessandra Bigi Iotti, 2008, ‘Andrea Sansovino and the design for a funerary monument for Leo X’, Burlington Magazine, 150, no. 1268, November, pp. 757-759

The present monument to Pope Leo X (d. 1521) in S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome, was not commissioned until 1536. This article discusses an earlier unrealised design, known from a drawing in the Victoria and Albert Museum (attributed by Ulrich Middeldorf to Andrea Sansovino), and another drawing of the same design, possibly earlier but with the lower half missing, in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence (here identified for the first time), and compares the design with other known monuments and designs by Sansovino.

Eva Leistenschneider, 2008, Die französische Königsgrablege Saint-Denis. Strategien monarchischer Repräsentation 1223 bis 1461 (The French royal burials at Saint-Denis. Strategies of monarchic representation 1223 to 1461) (Weimar: VDG - Verlag und Datenbank für Geisteswissenschaften. 3562 pp., 121 illus., ISBN (13): 9783897395800. €68; also available as a download from publisher’s website €47.60)

To be reviewed.

Simon Marsden, 2007, Memento Mori: Churches and Churchyards of England (English Heritage, Swindon. Hbk as low as £7.99 from various remainder outlets, originally c.£25?) To be reviewed by Peter Hacker

David Meara, 2009 (chk), Modern Memorial Brasses 1880-2001, Donington, Shaun Tyas Publishing, x + 302 pp. incl. 193 b & w and 3 col. pls. ISBN(13) 978 900289 85 6, ISBN(10) 1 900289 85 7. Hbk £35)

Beautifully produced with fine quality illustrations (including some of the artists and engravers), this book includes a useful ‘checklist of nineteenth and twentieth-century figure brasses’, though the author does not claim it is exhaustive. This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Oliver Meys, 2009, Memoria und Bekenntnis. Die Grabdenkmäler evangelischer Landesherren in Heiligen Römischen Reich Deutscher Nation im Zeitalter der Konfessionaliserung (Memoria and denomination. The tomb monuments of evangelical princes in the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation in the period of confessionalization) (Schnell und Steiner, Regensburg. 888 pp., 150 illus. ISBN(13) 978-3-7954-2173-1. €149)

To be reviewed by Stphanie Knoëll

Erika Naginski, 2009, Sculpture and Enlightenment (Oxford University Press, Oxford.

336 pages; 33 color and 78 b/w illustrations. ISBN(13) 978-0-89236-959-1, ISBN(10) 0-89236-959-0. Hbk $45) – Not yet published at 1 May but due out shortly

(edited from publisher’s web site): This book chronicles the transformation of public art in eighteenth-century France. As royal and ecclesiastical authority waned under the rule of Louis XV, there emerged nascent democratic institutions, a new metaphysics, and a radical political consciousness – a paradigm shift that profoundly marked the forms that commemorative sculpture and architecture took. As a French Catholic heritage gave way to more civic-minded and secular views of posterity, how was the monument reinterpreted? How did works by Clodion, Jean-Antoine Houdon, Augustin Pajou, Marie-Joseph Peyre, and Jacques Germain Soufflot, among others, speak to the aesthetic philosophies of Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire? Analyzing an extraordinary range of artistic projects--from unrealized plans for a Bourbon memorial to the sculptural program for the Pantheon – the author appraises how the Enlightenment art of res publica intersected with historical forces, social movements, and continental philosophies that brought Western culture to the cusp of modernity.

To be reviewed by Marjorie Trusted

Denys Pringle, 2008, An Expatriate Community in Tunis 1648-1885: St. George's Protestant Cemetery and its Inscriptions (Oxford, John and Erica Hedges, Ltd. (BAR, International ser., S1811; Cardiff Studies in Archaeology). 178 pp.  ISBN(13) 9781407302225, ISBN(10) 1407302221. Pbk £45 )

(extracted from author’s profile on Cardiff University web site): A piece of ground outside the Carthage Gate in which English and other Protestants who died in Tunis might be buried was granted to the British consul by Hammuda Bay in the 1640s. It continued to be used for that purpose until 1885, when a new municipal cemetery opened outside Bab al-Khadra. In 1890, new Anglican church of St George was built over part of the cemetery, the tombstones that lay in its way being saved and arranged around the walls. Altogether some 114 tomb texts survive from 1648-1885. They relate to mariners, merchants, consuls and their families, and later to missionaries, engineers and railway personnel. The deceased came not only from Britain but also from Scandinavian countries, France, Italy, Holland and the United States. From 1860 onwards the information from the inscriptions is supplemented by the Anglican church registers.

Mark Roffey, 2008, Chantry Chapels: and Medieval strategies for the Afterlife (Tempus, Stroud, 208 pp. ISBN 0752445715, ISBN-13 9780752445717. 208 pp. Pbk. £17.99

This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments. For the author’s 2007 book on chantry chapels, see Newsletter 24/2, p. 29.

Nigel Saul , 2007, English Church Monuments in the Middle Ages: history and representation (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 413 pp.  Incl. 78 b & w illus., bibliography and indexes. ISBN 978-0-19-921598-0. Hbk. £65)

Outstandingly important survey – the result of many years of information gathering and thought– which seeks to set the monuments in their historical context. The first seven chapters discuss such topics as historiography, market and fashion, production, and function and meaning. Then follow chapters on effigies by type: military, civilian, legal, female and ‘the macabre’ (cadavers and the like), followed by an important chapter discussing the history, function and survival of inscriptions. An appendix provides ‘A list of sculpted effigial monuments of civilians in England to c.1500’. This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Tony Trowles, 2008, Treasures of Westminster Abbey (Scala Publications, London & New York. 176 pp. 174 col & 9 b & w illus ISBN(13): 9781857594546; ISBN(10) 1857594541. Pbk £16.95). To be reviewed in Church Monuments

Geoffrey Tyck, 2009, The restored tomb of John Townsend at St Giles's Church, Oxford' Oxoniensia, 73 (for 2008), pp. 198-9

Describes the tomb-chest with classical mouldings and a flaming urn atop to Townsend (d. 1728), the founder of the famous dynasty of master masons, and also discusses his work and that of his descendents.

Simon Watney, 2009, 'John Busnell in Chichester: the monument to Bishop Carleton', Burlington Magazine, 150, no. 1268, 759-762

 Argues for Bushnell’s authorship of Carleton’s monument on stylistic grounds, by comparison with features on his documented monuments, including ‘his enthusiastic use of greatly enlarged decorative details’ and his highly distinctive putti ‘with deeply cut retinas, wind-swept hair, and streamlined rubbery bodies’.

Adam White, 2009, 'A Biographical Dictionary of London Tomb Sculptors c1560-c.1660: Addenda and Corrigenda', The Walpole Society, 71, pp. 325-55

Supplement to the author's original dictionary which was published in Walpole Society, vol 60. Contains significant new information on many of the leading sculptors of the period, including the Colt (Poutrain) family, John Christmas, Cornelius Cure, Epiphanius Evesham, Edward and Joshua Marshall and Nicholas Stone the Elder.

Kim Woods, 2007, Imported Images. Netherlandish Late Gothic Sculpture in England c.1400-c.1500 Donington, Shaum Tyas, 586 pp. inc. 242 plates (some in colour) ISBN(13)978-1900289-832, ISBN(10) 1900289830. Hbk £49.50

Comprised three introductory chapters: 'Sculpture in the Low Countries c.1400-c.1550', 'Importing Continental sculpture into England in the fifteenth century', and 'Netherlandish sculpture in English churches, c.1800-c.1950', and a schorlarly catalogue of 109 pieces (many of which are published for the first time). Not directly concerned with funerary monuments, though they receive occasional mention and the catalogue includes 'entombment' images of the dead Christ from the Mercers' Hall, London, and St Alban's Cathedral. Fascinating section on pp. 7-8 on 'hallmarks' applied to sculpture made in Brussels, Antwerp and Mechelen, from 1454, 1470 and c. 1500 respectively.

Amy Blakeway, 2009, ‘The Response to the Regent Moray's Assassination’, Scottish Historical Review, 88, no. 1, Apr, pp. 9-33

(extracted from author’s abstract in the British Humanities Index) Examines the immediate contemporary response to the assassination of James Stewart, earl of Moray and regent of Scotland. Moray's funeral and tomb are considered alongside the series of popular printed responses to his demise, largely written by the prolific King's party propagandist Robert Sempill. This article concludes that Sempill's discussion of Moray's assassination and posthumous eulogisation of Moray constituted a powerful and effective aspect of King's party rhetoric, which dominated discussion during the first six months of 1570, the urgency and efficacy of which deserves recognition. (Author abstract)

Inga Brinkmann, 2009, Grabdenkmäler, Grablegen und Begräbniswesen des lutherischen Adels. Adelige Funeralrepräsentation im Spannungsfeld von Kontinuität und Wandel im 16. und beginnenden 17. Jahrhundert (Tomb monuments, burials and the funerary customs of the Lutheran nobility. Aristocratic funerary representation in a period of tension between continuity and change in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.), Kunstwissenschaftliche Studien, 163 (Deutscher Kunstverlag: Berlin. 432 pp., 321 b/w illus. ISBN 978-3-422-06918-3. Hbk., €58)

Elizabeth Buettner, 2006, 'Cemeteries, Public Memory, and Raj Nostalgia in Postcolonial Britain and India', History & Memory, 18.1, Spring/Summer, pp. 5-42.

Ilas Burtusch, 2009, Die Inschriften der Stadt Baden-Baden und des Rastatt (Die Deutsche Inschriften 78 Band, Dr Ludwig Reichart Verlag Wiesbaden. 752 pp, 314 illus., 1 map. ISBN 978-3-89500-707-1. Hbk, about €88)

Survey of 541 inscriptions up to about 1650. The latest volume in the German Inschriften series containing a number of inscriptions on effigies (normally incised or low relief) and other funerary slabs. Other volumes are listed on the rear dust jacket flap. For a full list, see

Brendan Cassidy, 2009, ‘The Tombs of the Acciaioli in the Certosa del Galluzzo outside Florence’, in J. Luxford (ed.) Studies in Carthusian Monasticism in the Late Middle Ages (Medieval Church Studies 14) (Brepols: Turnhout, xvi + 367 pp., 45 b/w ill., 1 b/w table, ISBN 978-2-503-51699-8. Hbk €70.00): pp. 323-353

Paul Cockerham, 2009, ‘My body to be buried in my owne monument’: the social and religious context of Co. Kilkenny, funeral monuments, 1600–1700’, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C, 109, pp. 241-365, published on line at (papers in this journal are now published on line when ready; the hard copy volume will be published when all the contents are ready.)

The seventeenth-century funeral monuments of Co. Kilkenny are documented in this study and changes in their design and meaning related both to local socio-economic factors and wider historical events. The traditional ‘box-tombs’ of the start of the century, displaying Christo-centric iconography, were slowly abandoned in favour of more visual monumental forms such as heraldic wall plaques and much larger mural structures Monumental enthusiasm during the Kilkenny Confederacy (1642–9) was terminated abruptly by the Cromwellian invasion; following which, a lack of both suitable patrons and skilled sculptors hindered the resumption of the custom until well into the eighteenth century.

Jane Crease, 2009, ‘The Sherriff Hutton tomb’, The Ricardian Bulletin, Pt I, September, pp. 37-39, Pt II, December, pp. 39-41

Vincent Debiais, 2009, Messages de Pierre: lectures des inscriptions dans la communication médiévale (XIIIe - XIVe siècles) (Brepols: Turnhout; Cultures et Société Médiévale 17. viii + 422 pp., 149 b & w illus. ISBN: 978-2-503-53123-6; Pbk €75)

This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments. A summary is available on publisher’s web site (

Gary Dempsey, 2009 ‘In search of the “Bully's Acre” ’ Archaeology Ireland, 23.3 Autumn 2009, pp. 9-10

Concerns burial sites for the destitute.

Claudia Denk & John Ziesemer, eds,  2007, Städtische Bestattungskultur von der Aufklärung bis zum frühen 20 Jahrhundert (Urban burial culture from the Enlightenment to the early 20th century). Transactions of a conference held in November 2005 (Schnell und Steiner: Regensburg. 239 pp and many illus. about €50?)

Philipp Fehl, 2007, Monuments and the Art of Mourning: The Tombs of Popes and Princes in St. Peter's [Rome], revised and completed by Raina Fehl, ed. R. Boesel and R. Fehl

Unione Internazionale degli Istituti di Archaeologia Storia e Storia dell'arte in Roma: Rome.

Pbk, 201 pp text, 38 illus. $35)

Richard Marks, 2009, ‘Picturing word and text in the late Medieval Parish church’ in L. Clark, M Jurkowski and C Richmond (eds), Image, text and church 1380-1600. Essays for Margaret Aston (Papers in Medieval Studies 20) (Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies), pp. 162-199

Concerns medieval parchment tabulae mounted on boards in churches and especially those with prayers and other religious texts. Some of these tables were attached to monuments with information about those commemorated. Display texts in other media in churches are also addressed.

D P Mortlock, 2009, The Guide to Suffolk Churches, with an encyclopaedic glossary; The Lutterworth Press: Cambridge. 392 pp, b/w photos & illus. ISBN-13: 9780718830762. Pbk £30)

Revised and enlarged edn of several vols previously published separately. A similar omnibus volume for Norfolk was published in 2007.

Eileen M. Murphy, 2008, Deviant burial in the archaeological record (Studies in Funerary Archaeology 2) (Oxbow Books: Oxford. 244 pp. ISBN-13: 978-1-84217-338-1; ISBN-10: 1-84217-338-3. Pbk £30.00)

C[ameron] B Newham, 2009 Some Old Devon Churches, Vol. I [Abbots Bickington to Butterleigh], Vol. II [Cadeleigh to Dunsford] (DAE Publishing: [place unknown], vol. I, 168 pages, 300 colour illus. ISBN 978-1-906265-01-4; vol. II, 160 pages, 270 colour illus. ISBN 978-1-906265-02-1. Both vols Hbk. £60 each.

Republishes the text of an early 20th-century series of books by the Devon antiquary and photographer John Staab along side new colour photographs, which include many pictures of monuments (information from the author).

Scott L Newstok, 2008, Quoting Death in Early Modern England The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb, Series: Early Modern Literature in History, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, 244 pp. ISBN 9780230203259. Hbk. £50

(from the publisher’s web site) An innovative study of the emergent Renaissance practice of making epitaphic gestures within other English genres. Quoting Death argues that the post-Reformation preoccupation with textual remembrance led to a remarkable proliferation of epitaphic gestures beyond the putative gravestone. You can read more at:

Jerry O'Sullivan, 2009, ‘A Killeen Burial Ground in St Laurencesfields and the Lepers of Loughrea’ Archaeology Ireland, 23.3, Autumn, pp. 18-20)

Concerns the excavation of a killeen and its possible association with a medieval leper hospital.

Nigel Saul, 2009, ‘The cuckoo in the nest. A Dallingridge tomb in the FitzAlan chapel at Arundel’, Sussex Archaeological Collections, 147, pp. 125-33

Concerns on an atypical indenture to acquire a tomb chest second-hand.

Jane Schlueter, 2009, ‘Thee early seventeenth-century watercolours of the tombs of Henry VII and Elizabeth I in Westminster Abbey’, Burlington Magazine, 151, no. 1281, December, pp. 819-820

The three paintings, all of 1618, are contained in the album amicorum of Jakob Fetzer, in the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel, Col. Guelf.235 Blank, fols 26 (Elizableth I), 24 & 162 (Henry VII).

Monica E Simon, 2009, ‘Who is buried in the tomb in St Kenelm’s Church, Minster Lovell Church?’ The Ricardian, 19: pp. 84-94

Mark Stocker, 2009, ‘Love, sympathy and tenderness’: [Sir] Bertram Mackennal’s monument to Lord and Lady Curzon, Burlington Magazine, 151, no. 1280, November, pp. 755-762

The monument, in the north aisle of Keddleston Church (Derbyshire), commemorates Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India and Foreign Secretary (d. 1925), and his first wife, Mary (d. 1906).

George Thomson, 2009, Inscribed in remembrance: gravemarker lettering: form, function and recording (Wordwell Books: Leopardstown, Dublin. 180pp, 160 images. ISBN 978-1 905569-35-9. Pbk. €25)

This book will be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Eleanor Townsend, 2009, Death and Art: Europe 1200-1530, V & A Publishing: London. 96 pp., 60 col. illus. ISBN-13: 978-1851775835; ISBN-10: 1851775838. Hbk. £14.99

Contains a chapter on tombs and memorials.

Pamela Tudor-Craig, 2009, ‘Effigies with attitude’, in J. Cherry and Ann Payne (eds), Signs and Symbols, (Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 18. xvi + 224 pp, c. 100 b/w Pls. ISBN 978190028996. Hbk. £49.50): pp. 133-142.

Erica Utsi, 2006, ‘Improving definition: GPR investigations at Westminster Abbey’, J. Daniels & C.C. Chen (eds), Proceedings of GPR 2006, the 11th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (Ohio State University: Columba. ISBN not known. published on CD. Price not known).

(Edited from the published abstract) Describes the high definition results obtained by using ground penetrating radar to investigate the thirteenth-century Cosmati pavement in Westminster Abbey. Subsurface features include two graves for which the radar has revealed differences in construction and content. Comparison of the time slices and the 2-dimensional output indicates the presence of grave goods and other remains. Computer modelling is applied to test some of the findings.

Angela Vanhaelen, 2008, ‘Recomposing the Body Politic in Seventeenth-Century Delft’

Oxford Art Journal, vol. 31, no. 3, October, pp. 361-381

(extracted from author’s abstract in the British Humanities Index) This paper examines how the notion of a body politic changes dramatically in the course of the seventeenth century by focusing on an important and much-painted political monument in Delft's Nieuwe Kerk: the sepulchre of the first Dutch stadholder William of Orange, military leader of the Dutch Revolt.

Adam White, 2009, ‘Love, Loyalty and Friendship; Education, Dyasty and Service. Lady Anne Clifford’s Church Monuments’, in Karen Hearn and Lynn Hulse (eds), Lady Anne Clifford: Culture, Patronage and Gender in 17th-century Britain (Yorkshire Archaeological Society Occasional Paper no. 7), pp. 43-71

A detailed survey and analysis of Lady Anne’s very long career as a patron of church monuments, fully illustrated. The book can be obtained from the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Claremont, 23 Clarendon Road, Leeds LS2 9NZ, price £20.00, plus £3.00 p & p.

Simon Watney, 2009, ‘Recording the Past: the Origins and Aims of The Church Monuments Society’, in Megan Aldrich and Robert J. Wallis (eds), Antiquaries and archaists: the past in the past, the past in the present (Spire Books: Reading. 170 pp, 42 illus., ISBN 978 1 904965 23 7. Pbk £19.95): pp. 87-103

Geoff Archer, 2009, The Glorious Dead: figurative sculpture of British First World War memorials (Frontier Pub: Kirkstead. 416 pp; illus, p/b; £30. ISBN 978-1-872914-38-1)

Hundreds of Fist World War memorials in Britain incorporate figurative sculpture. This book examines how, why and by whom the memorials were produced.

Sally Badham, 2008, ‘The West family of Hinton Martell, Dorset, and their monuments at Christchurch Priory’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 17.6, 513-20

Sally Badham, 2009, ‘The de Cheltenham chantry chapel at Pucklechurch (Gloucestershire) and its associated effigies’, J British Archaeological Assoc, 162, 125-45

Discusses the monuments attributed to William de Cheltenham (d. 1371×4) and his wife Eleanor.

Sally Badham with Martin Stuchfield, 2009, Monumental Brasses (Shire Pubs: Oxford. 64pp; illus; p/b; £5.99)

A well-illustrated popular introduction to British monumental brasses. Chapter headings include origins and manufacture, organisation of the industry and costs, and function and design.

Sally Badham & Sophie Oosterwijk (eds), 2010, Monumental Industry: the production of tomb monuments in England and Wales in the long fourteenth century (Shaun Tyas: Donington. xiv+274pp; 114 illus, mostly in colour; ISBN 978-I-907730-00-9; hbk; £35). Special offer of £30 inc. postage to CMS members: contact Shaun Tyas on 01775-821542

An important new collection of essays which focuses on the production of church monuments in the ‘long fourteenth century’, rather than on the interests of the patrons that have been the primary centre of attention in most recent work. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Caroline M Barron & Clive Burgess (eds), 2010, Memory and Commemoration in Medieval England (Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 20, Shaun Tyas: Donington. xiv+386pp; 92 pls, many in colour; ISBN 978-1-907730-04-7; hbk; £49.50)

Monuments feature frequently in these seventeen papers from the 2008 Harlaxton Symposium. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Paul Binski & Ann Massing (eds), 2010, The Westminster Retable: history, technique, conservation (Harvey Miller: Cambridge; distributed through Brepols, Turnhout. 464pp; illus, mainly in colour; ISBN 978-I-905375-28-8; hbk; €135)

Includes essays on polychromy techniques at Westminster, including on the tomb of Edmund Crouchback. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Claude Blair, 2008, ‘The monument of Saint Henry of Finland: a reassessment’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 17.6, 560-73

Derrick Chivers, 2008, ‘The monument of Saint Henry of Finland: an assessment of its construction and conservation’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 17.6, 574-78

S D Church, 2009, ‘The care of the royal tombs in English cathedrals in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: the case of the effigy of King John at Worcester’, Antiquaries J, 89, 365–87

Relates the story of the battle between cathedral and state authorities between 1872 and 1930 to offload responsibility for the care of King John’s tomb, and of the ‘catalogue of disastrous decisions’ taken for its treatment.

Peter Coss, 2010, The Multons of Frampton and their World, 1270–1370 (Oxford University Press: Oxford. xii+323pp; 24 b/w illus + 4 maps; ISBN 978-0-19-956000-4; hbk; £65)

Examines the domestic world, and the material and spiritual culture of the medieval gentry, through the archives of the Multon family of Frampton, South Lincolnshire. It includes two chapters on the church as cultural space, and on the gentry and the parish, which address patronage, burial and commemoration. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Mark Crosby, 2009, ‘William Blake in Westminster Abbey, 1774–1777’, Bodleian Library Record, 22.2, 162-80

An account of the three years spent by William Blake as an apprentice to James Basire, sketching medieval royal tombs in Westminster Abbey in preparation for engravings that would appear in Richard Gough’s Sepulchral Monuments in Great Britain, and in Vetusta Monumenta. This edition of the Record is largely dedicated to articles relating to Gough.

Xavier Dectot, 2009, Les tombeaux des familles royales de la péninsule ibérique au Moyen Age, Histoires de familles: la parenté au moyen âge 7 (Brepols: Turnhout. 311pp; 60 b/w illus; ISBN 978-2-503-52670-6; pbk; €65)

Examines the royal tombs of, principally, Castile, Léon and Aragon, from the 11th to the 13th centuries. It considers the dynastic and religious messages which they strove to convey, and their influence both within and without the Iberian peninsula.

Carsten Dilba, 2009, Memoria Reginae: das Memorialprogramm für Eleonore von Kastilien, Studien zur Kunstgeschichte 180 (Georg Olms Verlag: Hildesheim. vi+600pp; 137 b/w + 25 colour illus; ISBN 978-3-487-13943-2; pbk; €78)

A study of the lavish commemoration accorded by Edward I of England to Queen Eleanor of Castile (d. 1290), which included two full-length bronze effigies for her body and internal organs, a golden urn for her heart, and twelve crosses marking the stages of her funeral procession through England. The author attributes the monuments to individual craftsmen, and argues that Edward was imitating French royal precedents, specifically the commemoration of Louis IX (d. 1270).

Mark Downing, 2010, Medieval Military Monuments in Lincolnshire, British Archaeological Reports 515 (Archaeopress: Oxford. vi+124pp; illus; ISBN 9781407306445; £32)

The first published catalogue of all 62 surviving military monuments in Lincolnshire, including those of national importance at Careby, Halton Holegate, Holbeach, Kirkstead Abbey, Stoke Rochford and Surfleet. The catalogue is arranged chronologically: each entry describes and illustrates the effigy and its armour, and gives an account of the person believed to be commemorated. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Norman Emery & Joy Langston, 2009, ‘Excavations at the Church of St Mary-the-Less, Durham City’, Durham Archaeological J, 18, 39-65

Excavation in advance of refurbishment examined the Bowes vault and other burials. The 18th-century coffins and coffin furniture are discussed.

Paul Everson & David Stocker, 2008, ‘St Swithin’s Church, Baumber, and the burial of Dukes of Newcastle-under-Lyne’, Lincolnshire History & Archaeology, 42, 60-67

Patrick Farman, Peter Hacker & Sally Badham, 2008, with an appendix by Peter Ryder, ‘Incised slab discoveries at Tickhill, Yorkshire’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 17.6, 521-49

Katherine Forsyth, 2009, ‘The Latinus stone: Whithorn’s earliest Christian monument’, in Jane Murray (ed.), St Ninian and the earliest Christianity in Scotland: papers from the conference held by the Friends of the Whithorn Trust in Whithorn on September 15th 2007, British Archaeological Reports 483 (Archaeopress: Oxford. 82pp; illus; ISBN 9781407304281; £27)

Tony Hand, 2008, ‘“Doing everything of marble wch can be done with it”: some descriptive accounts of the Kilkenny Marble Works’, Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies, 11, 75-99

An examination of the extraction and working of black Kilkenny ‘marble’ in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Oliver Harris, 2008, ‘“The greatest blow to antiquities that ever England had”: the Reformation and the antiquarian resistance’, in J F van Dijkhuizen & R Todd (eds), The Reformation Unsettled: British literature and the question of religious identity, 1560–1660, Proteus: studies in early modern identity formation 3, pp 225-42 (Brepols: Turnhout. 246pp; 4 b/w illus; ISBN 978-2-503-52624-9; hbk; €60)

Includes a discussion of the antiquarian recording of church monuments as a reaction to the depredations of the Reformation.

Richard Henchion, 2009, ‘Gravestone inscriptions of Co. Cork XVII: Blarney Church of Ireland Cemetery’, J Cork Historical & Archaeological Soc, 114, 103-58

Christopher Jobson, 2009, ‘Plas Beddowe(n): the mansion of Owain’s grave’, Trans of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 15 (for 2008), 9-14

Tentatively proposes Plas Beddowe, Welshampton, Shropshire, as the lost burial place of Owain Glyn Dŵr, believed to have died in 1415.

Sophie Jugie, Françoise Baron & Benoît Lafay, 2010, Les Tombeaux des ducs de Bourgogne: création, destruction, restauration (Somogy: Paris. 232pp; 185 illus; ISBN 978-2-7572-0294-4; pbk; €35)

Traces the complex history of the tombs of Philip the Bold (d. 1404) and John the Fearless (d. 1419), originally installed in the Champmol Charterhouse at Dijon, vandalised during the Revolution, and reconstructed in the 19th century. See also next item. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Sophie Jugie, 2010, The Mourners: tomb sculpture from the court of Burgundy (Yale Univ Pr: New Haven & London. 128pp; 100 colour illus; ISBN 9780300155174; hbk; £18.99)

A comprehensive study of the extraordinary sculptures from the tombs of Philip the Bold and John the Fearless. See also previous item. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Arne Karsten & Philipp Zitzlsperger (eds), Vom Nachleben der Kardinäle: Römische Kardinalsgrabmäler der Frühen Neuzeit, Humboldt-schriften zur kunst- und bildgeschichte 10 (Gebr. Mann Verlag: Berlin. 275pp; 58 illus; ISBN 978-3-7861-2607-2; €49)

A collection of eight essays on the tombs of cardinals in Rome in the early modern period.

Hadrien Kockerols, 2010, Les gisants du Brabant wallon (Les éditions Namuroises: distributed through Presses Universitaires de Namur: Namur. 278 pp; ISBN: 978-2-930378-83-1; €58)

An illustrated critical inventory with commentary of some 100 medieval and Renaissance gisant effigies in the province of Brabant. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Aleksandra Koutny-Jones, 2009, ‘A noble death: the Oleśnicki funerary chapel in Tarłów’, J Warburg & Courtauld Institutes, 72, 169-205

Discusses the architecture and decorative scheme of this important funerary chapel in south-east Poland, including elements drawn from the Dance of Death cycle.

Reinhard Lamp, 2008, ‘Johannes Lüneberg, d. 1461, Katharinenkirche, Lübeck’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 17.6, 550-59

David Lepine, 2010, ‘“High solemn ceremonies”: the funerary practice of the late medieval English clergy’, J Ecclesiastical History, 61.1, 18-39

Shows that the late medieval higher clergy shared the elaborate funeral culture as the wealthy laity, but with significant differences, particularly greater liturgical sophistication and more generous charity. Includes discussion of places selected for clergy burial and the character of tombs.

Pierre-Yves Le Pogam, 2010, ‘Le tombeau de Philippe-Dagobert: un monument royal chez les moines blancs’, Bulletin Monumental, 168.2, 133-48

The tomb of Phillipe (called Dagobert), the younger brother of Saint Louis who died probably in 1234, represents an important stage in the constitution of the classic sculpted tomb during the height of the Middle Ages. All the usual and characteristic elements are brought together in this tomb apparently for the first time: a gisant with angels round the head and a lion at the feet; a coffin, evoking an antique sarcophagus bearing the gisant; mourners around the coffin. The tomb was set up in the abbey church of Royaumont, a royal foundation consecrated in 1235, thus coinciding with the making of the tomb. A sumptuous polychromy scheme incorporating glass medallions completes the decoration.

Michael McCarthy, 2008, ‘Three mausolea and a church: the drawings of James C Murphy for his book on Batalha of 1795’, Irish Architectural & Decorative Studies, 11, 167-203

Discusses Murphy’s study of the monastery and royal mausolea at Batalha, Portugal, with reference to his original drawings.

Kirsty Owen, 2010, Identity, Commemoration and the Art of Dying Well: exploring the relationship between the ars moriendi tradition and the material culture of death in Gloucestershire, c. 1350-1700 AD, British Archaeol Rep 513 (288pp)

This study considers how the treatment of death contributed to the definition of elite identity and the constitution of power structures through a time of changes. The evidence is considered against the ideal of ‘dying well’.

Matthew Saunders, 2010, Saving Churches: the Friends of Friendless Churches: the first 50 years (Frances Lincoln: London. 128pp; illus; pb; ISBN 978-0-7112-3154-2; £16.99)

Following sections on the history and work of the Friends, the meat of the book is a series of well-illustrated, short discourses on 41 churches in their care. Some of these churches will contain monuments.

Jane Sayers, 2009, ‘A Once “Proud Prelate”: an unidentified episcopal monument in Ely Cathedral’, J British Archaeol Assoc, 162, 67-87

Identifies a headless Purbeck effigy as that of, most probably, Bishop John Kirby (d. 1290).

Monika E Simon, 2009, ‘Who is buried in the tomb in St Kenelm’s Church, Minster Lovell?’, The Ricardian, 19, 84-94

Heraldic evidence leads the author to reject this tomb’s conventional attribution to William Lovell (d. 1455), and to conclude that it commemorates his son, John, Lord Lovell (d. 1465).

Iain Soden, 2010, Life and Death on a Norwich Backstreet, AD 900-1600: excavations in St Faith’s Lane, East Anglian Archaeol Rep 133

An excavation and watching brief in 1998 recorded part of the cemetery of the Franciscan Friary. The 136 burials studied show an unusual bias towards adult males and juveniles.

Sheila Sweetinburgh, 2009, ‘Eternal town servants: civic elections and the Stuppeny tombs of New Romney and Lydd’, in Mette B Bruun & Stephanie Glaser (eds), Negotiating Heritage: memories of the middle ages, Ritus et Artes 4 (Brepols: Turnhout. xii+396pp; 42 b/w + 5 colour illus; ISBN 978-2-503-52794-9; hbk; €90)

Matthew Ward, 2010, ‘The life and death of Sir Henry Pierrepont, 1430–99: a search for identity and memorial’, The Ricardian, 20, 80-93

An examination of the life of a Yorkist supporter, Sir Henry Pierrepont. Using textual and material sources, the author suggests that he became an isolated figure later in life.

Philip Whittemore & Chris Byron, 2009, A Very British Antiquary: Richard Gough 1735–1809 (Wynchmore Books: London. 72pp; ISBN 978-0-9564595-0-3; pbk (spiral bound); £12.99 inc p&p: cheques payable to Philip Whittemore at Lynton House, 16 Colne Road, Winchmore Hill, London N21 2JD)

Cindy Wood, 2009, ‘The chantries and chantry chapels of St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle’, Southern History, 31, 48-74

Rob Atkins & Elizabeth Popescu, 2010, ‘Excavations at the Hospital of St Mary Magdalen, Partney, Lincolnshire’, Medieval Archaeology, 54, 204-70

   A report on the first major excavation of a minor rural medieval hospital.  The cemetery appeared to have separate areas for religious and lay burial.  The graves included four, presumed to belong to priests, containing the remains of pewter chalices; and another individual apparently buried in a locked coffin or chest.  

Adriano Aymonino, 2010, ‘Decorum and celebration of the family line: Robert Adam’s monuments to the 1st Duchess of Northumberland’, Burlington Mag, 52 (no 1286: May 2010), 288-96

   Examines the twin commissions to commemorate Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland (d. 1776): a ‘public’ monument in Westminster Abbey and a ‘private’ cenotaph at Alnwick, both designed by Robert Adam and executed by Nicholas Read.

Sally Badham (ed), 2010, One Thousand Years of English Church Monuments: a special edition of Ecclesiology Today, 43  (160pp; many b/w illus; pbk; ISBN 978-0-946823-14-7) Copies are available at £10 (to non-members of the Ecc. Soc.), post free in the UK: cheques payable to the ‘Ecclesiological Society’ at PO Box 287, New Malden KT3 4YT; or contact

   This special edition of the journal of the Ecclesiological Society, guest-edited by the president of the CMS, is dedicated to church monuments. It contains the following articles: Paul Cockerham, ‘Lineage, liturgy and locus: the changing role of English funeral monuments’; Brian & Moira Gittos, ‘Abused, neglected and forgotten: the story of the medieval cross slab’; Sophie Oosterwijk, ‘Deceptive appearances: the presentation of children on medieval tombs’; Nigel Saul, ‘What an epitaph can tell us: recovering the world of John Lovekyn; Sally Badham, ‘Commemoration in brass and glass of the Blackburn family of York’; Jon Bayliss, ‘“Flouds are due unto this stone”: English verse epitaphs at Alderton, Wiltshire’; Jean Wilson, ‘He loved his mother: memorials to mothers in the early modern period’; Kerry Bristol, ‘Private act or public commemoration? The Yorke family and the eighteenth-century church monument’; Jane Kelsall, ‘Mourning the dead in the nineteenth century: neoclassical, romantic and gothic revival monuments’; Julian W S Litten, ‘Pastiche or fake? A sub-Gill monument at Brandwood End Cemetery, Birmingham’.

Sophie Balace & Alexandra de Poorter (eds), 2010, Entre Paradis et Enfer: mourir au moyen âge  (Mercatorfonds: Antwerp. 288pp; 250 col illus; ISBN 978 90 6153 959 9; pbk; €39.95. Published simultaneously in Dutch by the same publisher and by Amsterdam Univ Pr as Tussen Hemel en Hel: sterven in de middeleeuwen.  ISBN 978 90 6153 958 2; ISBN 978 90 8964 316 2)

   A wide-ranging collection of essays on medieval death and commemoration to accompany an exhibition at the Jubelparkmuseum, Brussels, running until 24th April.  Contributions include Ronald van Belle on funerary monuments from the 12th to 16th centuries; Hubert de Witte on funerary painting in the Bruges region in the later middle ages; and Brigitte Meijns on the burial of territorial princes from the 9th to 13th centuries.

Luke Barber & Lucy Siburn, 2010, ‘The medieval hospital of St Nicholas, Lewes, East Sussex’, Sussex Archaeol Collns, 148, 79-109

   Excavation in advance of redevelopment found little structural evidence of the hospital, and part of the cemetery including 103 burials was examined.  Burial practices and pathology are discussed.  One burial was manacled – perhaps a violent patient?  

Gary Calland, 2010, St Peter’s, Stourton: a tour and history of the church (100+ pp; illus; pbk; £12) Available from Stourhead Shop, National Trust Car Park, High Street, Stourton, Warminster BA12 6SH: cheques payable to ‘National Trust Enterprises Ltd.’

   A superior guide to the medieval church lying at the approach to the great Palladian mansion of Stourhead, Wiltshire, by the former house manager.  Discusses the fine collection of 16th- to 19th-century monuments, mainly commemorating the Stourton and Hoare (banking) families, and considers the identity of a 14th-century effigy.  

Paul Cockerham, 2010, ‘The import of choice: Flemish incised slabs in fourteenth-century Britain’, AVISTA Forum J, 20, 77  

Brian Connell & Adrian Miles, 2010, The City Bunhill Burial Ground, Golden Lane, London: excavations at South Islington schools, 2006, Archaeology Studies Ser 21 (Museum of London Archaeology: London. 60pp; 62 b/w & col illus; ISBN 978-1-901992-91-5; pbk; £9)

   The cemetery operated as a nonconformist burial ground from 1833-1853, during which time over 18,000 burials took place. 248 burials were excavated from a sample area.  Sections address burial rite, coffin furniture and the structure and pathology of the population.  Historical sources are used to fill out the picture.  

Mark Connelly & Peter Donaldson, 2010, ‘South African War (1899-1902) memorials in Britain: a case study of memorialization in London and Kent’, War & Society, 29.1, 20-46    

   Discusses the ‘pre-history’ of mass public commemoration of war dead (anticipating the memorials of the two world wars), and examines the processes by which communal memorials were erected in London and Kent.  

Mark Downing, 2010, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 1: Bedfordshire-Derbyshire (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 149pp; 259 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-1-8; pbk);

Mark Downing, 2011, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 2: Devon-Essex (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 123pp; 207 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-2-5; pbk). Copies available at £20 + £4 p&p each, or £40 + £5 p&p for both volumes, from the author at 9 Kestrel Drive, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4TT

   The first two volumes in a projected series of eight, which will form a comprehensive catalogue of all military effigies in England and Wales up to 1500, excluding brasses and incised slabs.  Each effigy is illustrated.  These volumes deal with English counties only: Wales will be covered in the eighth volume.  

George Elliott, 2010, ‘A monumental palimpsest: the Dacre tomb in Herstmonceux church’, Sussex Archaeol Collns, 148, 129-44

   An account of the fine double effigial monument in Herstmonceux church, traditionally assigned to Thomas Fiennes, second Baron Dacre of the South (d. 1533) and his son Sir Thomas Fiennes (d. 1528).  The author acted as master mason for a structural examination and restoration of the tomb in 1969: his findings confirm much of a hypothesis proposed in 1916 that the effigies had originally belonged to the tomb of Thomas Hoo, Lord Hoo and Hastings (d. 1455) and his half-brother Thomas Hoo (d. 1486) in Battle Abbey church.  The circumstances in which they may have been appropriated are discussed.  

Mark Evans (ed), 2010, The Lumley Inventory and Pedigree: art collecting and lineage in the Elizabethan Age: facsimile and commentary on the manuscript in the possession of the Earls of Scarborough  (Roxburghe Club. 168pp; colour facsimile + 84 illus, mainly col; ISBN 978-0-903912-11-2; hbk).  Privately printed for members of the club, a limited number of copies available for public sale at £220 + postage: contact Robert Harding, Maggs Bros Ltd, 50 Berkeley Square, London W1J 5BA; email

   The Lumley Inventory is a remarkable manuscript, commissioned in c.1590 by John, Baron Lumley (d. 1609), to record his collecting activities and his own genealogy.  It is now published in full colour facsimile, with 12 scholarly contextual essays.  It includes three coloured designs for the tombs of Lord Lumley himself and his wives Jane Fitzalan (d. 1578) and Elizabeth Darcy (d. 1617) at Cheam, Surrey (fols 34v, 35v, 36v), and these are discussed in the chapter by Nigel Llewellyn & Claire Gapper on ‘The Funeral Monuments’.  See also Robin Simon, ‘The Lumley Inventory and the Lumley Chapel’, British Art J, 11.1, 2010, pp. 4-5, which includes small colour illustrations of the designs (and extant monuments) for those with slimmer pockets.  

Ian Forrest, 2010, ‘The politics of burial in late medieval Hereford’, English Historical Review, 125, 1110-38

   A discussion of the customary monopoly claimed by Hereford Cathedral over burials and burial fees in five city parishes and several other parishes in Hereford’s rural hinterland between the late 13th and the 15th centuries.  The author draws on a series of challenges to this monopoly to illuminate relationships between parochial communities and the church hierarchy.  

Jeroen Geurst, 2010, Cemeteries of the Great War by Sir Edwin Lutyens  (101 Pubs: Rotterdam. 472pp; many illus, mainly col; ISBN 978 90 6450 715 1; hbk; €39.50)

   An opulently illustrated study by a practising Dutch architect of the First World War cemeteries and memorials designed by Lutyens, which seeks to place them in their landscape and architectural context.  Chapters on the Imperial War Graves Commission, its design principles, and Lutyens’ role within it, are followed by a detailed catalogue of all 140 cemeteries for which he was Principal Architect, with plans, photographs and analytical drawings.  

Jackie Hall, 2008, ‘Peterborough Cathedral: early memorials and a late medieval house discovered’, Church Archaeology, 12, 1-29

   An archaeological watching brief on repairs to a wall lying between the deanery courtyard and the cathedral cemetery at Peterborough unearthed a collection of fragments from 11 grave covers and upright markers of the 11th- and early 12th-centuries.  With the aid of documentary evidence, the author argues that these were associated with the knights of Peterborough Abbey.  The evidence is linked to the history of lay burial in Peterborough, the development of the abbey’s lay cemetery, and the related development of the deanery.

Oliver D Harris, 2010, ‘Antiquarian attitudes: crossed legs, crusaders and the evolution of an idea’, Antiquaries J, 90, 401-40

   A study of the symbolic interpretations retrospectively assigned to medieval cross-legged effigies from the 16th to the 20th centuries.  These included the beliefs that they were of pre-Conquest date; that they commemorated crusaders, or those who had taken crusading vows; and that they commemorated Knights Templar. The ‘crusader’ theory, although largely discredited by scholars, has proved particularly tenacious. The paper argues that the identification of the attitude as a noteworthy feature was, despite its mistaken associations, a landmark in the story of the formulation of techniques for the typological diagnosis of antiquities.  

Maria Hayward, 2009, Rich Apparel: clothing and the law in Henry VIII's England, (Ashgate: Farnham. xxv+422pp; 26 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-7546-4096-7; hbk; £65)

   A study based predominantly on documentary evidence, but which also makes some use of visual evidence, including tomb effigies and brasses.  

C J Knüsel, C M Batt, G Cook, J Montgomery, G Müldner, A R Ogden, C Palmer, B Stern, J Todd & A S Wilson, 2010, ‘The identity of the St Bees Lady, Cumbria: an osteobiographical approach’, Medieval Archaeology, 54, 271-311

   An attempt to identify the female skeleton found at St Bees Priory, Cumbria, alongside the exceptionally well-preserved ‘St Bees Man’, in 1981.  Osteological, isotopic and radiocarbon analyses, the archaeological context, documentary evidence, and extant and documented monuments in the priory church, together provide the basis for her plausible identification as the heiress Maud de Lucy (d. 1398), wife successively of Gilbert de Umfraville, 10th Earl of Angus, and Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland; and the man as her brother, Anthony de Lucy (d. 1368).  

Rosie Llewellyn-Jones, 2010, ‘In memory of India’s fallen’, History Today, 60.10 (Oct. 2010), 6-7

   Reports the recent addition of names to a cremation ghat outside Brighton, commemorating Hindu soldiers who died in the First World War.  

Julian Luxford, 2010, ‘The Sparham corpse panels: unique revelations of death from late fifteenth-century England’, Antiquaries J, 90, 299-340

   A comprehensive and contextual account of two late 15th-century rood-screen panels in Sparham church, near Norwich, which display images of corpses apparently unique in surviving medieval art.  One is painted with two standing corpses dressed in finery, the other with a corpse arising from a tomb within a church, with a font to one side.  The author argues the strong possibility that they functioned as a ‘surrogate sepulchral monument’.  

J Luxford & M Michael (eds), 2010, Tributes to Nigel J Morgan: contexts of medieval art: images, objects and ideas (Harvey Miller: Turnhout. 386pp; 148 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-905375-29-5; hbk; €150)

   The essays in this major festschrift include: Lynda Dennison, ‘A unique monument: the brass of Philippe de Mézières’; Julian Luxford, ‘The monumental epitaph of Edmund Crouchback’; Richard Marks, ‘The Dean and the transsexual; or why did John Colet desire burial before the image of St Uncumber’; Nicholas Rogers, ‘The Frenze palimpsest’.  

Michael McCarthy, 2009, ‘The monument to Alessandro Galilei in S Croce in Florence, 1737’, Irish Architectural & Decorative Studies, 12, 215-9

   An account of a mural monument by Girolamo Ticciati (1671-1744) to the architect Alessandro Galilei (1691-1737), supplementing the author’s earlier article in the same journal in 2004 on a memorial tablet to Galilei in S Giovanni in Laterano, Rome.  

E W McFarland, 2010, ‘Commemoration of the South African War in Scotland, 1900-10’, Scottish Historical Review, 89.2, 194-223

   Addresses Scotland’s engagement with the imperial project through its commemoration of the second South African War.  Although predominantly concerned with large public memorials, the article also considers monuments to individuals and military units within churches.  

Jos de Meyere, 2010, Het grafmonument van Reinoud III van Brederode in de Grote Kerk te Vianen (Matrijs: Utrecht. 192pp; many illus; ISBN 978-90-5345-412-1; € 29.95)

   A full-length study of the double-decker monument to Reynout van Brederode (1492-1556) and his wife Philippote van der Marck (d. 1537), erected c.1542 in the Grote Kerk, Vianen, the Netherlands.  

National Trust, A National Trust Bibliography: sources for further reading, available online at:

    Launched in September 2010, and scheduled to be updated every 3-6 months, this is an online bibliography of books and articles relating to National Trust properties.  It includes a number of references to tombs.  

Kathleen Nolan, 2009, Queens in Stone and Silver: the creation of a visual imagery of queenship in Capetian France  (Palgrave: Basingstoke. 278pp; 40 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-403969-90-3; hbk; £52.50)

   Addresses the ways in which 12th- and 13th-century Capetian queens were able to shape a visual language of queenship through artistic patronage.  Focusing on Bertrade of Montfort (d. by 1119), Adelaide of Maurienne (d. 1154), Eleanor of Aquitaine (d. 1204), and Blanche of Castile (d. 1252), the author studies in parallel images of queenship on stone tombs and silver seals, and examines the choices made by queens about their place of burial.  Reviewed in Church Monuments, vol. 25.  

David Park & Robin Griffith-Jones (eds), 2010, The Temple Church in London: history, architecture, art  (Boydell & Brewer: Woodbridge. 304 pp; 109 b/w, 11 col illus; ISBN 978-1-85383-498-4; hbk; £40.00)

   An important new collection of essays on this historically and architecturally significant building, founded as the main church of the Knights Templar in England, and home to one of the most famous series of medieval effigies in the country.  Chapters include David Park on medieval burials and monuments; Philip Lankester on the 13th-century military effigies; Virginia Jansen on the Templars’ new choir’ (the intended burial-place of Henry III).  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Gordon D Raeburn, 2009, ‘The changing face of Scottish burial practices, 1560-1645’, Reformation & Renaissance Review, 11.2, 181-201

   An investigation of the changes in burial practices in Scotland during the first century following the Reformation.  It assesses how effective the Church of Scotland was in eliminating Catholic practices, considers the development of burial aisles as a technical means of circumventing the prohibition on intra-mural burial, and looks at changing styles of tombs and monuments.  It asks whether any one group of society was more or less willing to adhere to the newly instituted practices than others.  

Peter F Ryder, 2008, ‘The chalice of the imagination: the delights and dangers of digital photography, and an ongoing mystery’, Medieval Yorkshire (J of the Medieval Section of the Yorks Archaeol Soc), 37, 29-31

   A cautionary tale.  Enhanced contrast on digital photography of a grave slab of 1493 at West Tanfield (Yorks WR) appeared to show, in addition to the visible cross, the partial outlines of two overlapping chalices.  Re-examination established that they did not exist, but found traces of a worn incised chalice in the more usual position higher up.  

Nigel Saul, 2010, ‘“What will survive of us is love”’, Country Life, 204.51 (29 Dec 2010), 72-3

   A short account of medieval English tomb monuments depicting married couples with clasped hands.  Argues that the obvious reading of the pose, that of a celebration of conjugal love, is also the most plausible.  

Nigel Saul, 2011, ‘A monarch’s likeness’, Country Life, 205.2 (12 Jan 2011), 64-5

   An illustrated discussion of the three principal contemporary portraits of Richard II: the Wilton Diptych, the painting in Westminster Abbey, and his tomb effigy.  

Regnerus Steensma, 2009, ‘Groninger priesterzerken’, Groninger Kerken, 26.2, 40-44

        Discusses the tombstones of priests, characteristically bearing the representation of a chalice, in the city and province of Groningen. Fifteen such tombstones survive from the 16th century, as well as two brasses dated 1476 and 1497.  

Peter Strafford, 2010, Romanesque Churches of Spain: a traveller’s guide (Giles de la Mare: London. 400pp; 262 b/w illus + 10 maps; ISBN 9781900357319; £16.99)

   A scholarly and attractively-produced guidebook to the architecture and sculpture of 120 Romanesque and pre-Romanesque churches in Spain.  

Jan van Oudheusden & Harry Tummers (eds), De grafzerken van de Sint-Jan te ’s-Hertogenbosch  (Drukkerij Gianotten BV: Tilburg. 4 vols; c.1800pp; many b/w & col illus; ISBN 978-9-08-680136-7; €149).  Online version at

    An exhaustive catalogue of the 520 surviving ledger slabs (14th to 18th centuries) in the cathedral at ’s-Hertogenbosch, with an introductory volume of thematic essays.  

Robert Whiting, 2010, The Reformation of the English Parish Church (Cambridge UP: Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-76286-1; xx+298pp; 60 b/w, 12 col illus; hbk; £55)

   Explores the ways in which parish churches were transformed between 1530 and 1630.  The final chapter deals with memorials.    


Oliver Harris, with contributions from Sally Badham, Philip Lankester, Sophie Oosterwijk, Andrew Sargent and Kelcey Wilson-Lee.  Suggestions for future issues may be sent to

Sally Badham, 2011, Medieval Church and Churchyard Monuments  (Shire: Botley. 64pp; ISBN 9780747808107; 86 colour illus; pbk; £6.99)

   A succinct but comprehensive illustrated introduction to the study of medieval monuments, both inside and outside churches.  Includes sections on the purpose and meaning of monuments, choices in tomb design, tomb destruction and mutilation, and a gazetteer of places to visit.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Terreena Bellinger & Gill Draper, 2010, ‘“My boddye shall lye with my name engraven on it”: remembering the Godfrey family of Lydd, Kent’, in Martyn Waller, Elizabeth Edwards & Luke Barber (eds), Romney Marsh: persistence and change in a coastal lowland, pp 117-40  (Romney Marsh Research Trust: Sevenoaks. 188pp; b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9566575-0-3; pbk; £15+£4p&p)

Jerome Bertram & Robert Hutchinson, 2009, ‘The Coverts of Slaugham or three brasses disentangled’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 53-62

   An unravelling of the complex histories of three 15th- and 16th-century brasses to members of the Covert family at Slaugham (Sussex), the elements of which have become so mixed as to deceive several eminent scholars.  

Rhianydd Biebrach, 2009, ‘Conspicuous by their absence: rethinking explanations for the lack of brasses in medieval Wales’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 36-42

   An enquiry into the relative rarity of brasses in medieval Wales, which places the question within the context of the rarity of effigial monuments in the Principality more generally, and an apparent preference for commemoration in alabaster.  

Trev Lynn Broughton, 2010, ‘The Bengal Obituary: reading and writing Calcutta graves in the mid nineteenth century’, J Victorian Culture, 15.1, 39-59  

John Chalmers (ed), 2010, Andrew Duncan senior: physician of the Enlightenment (National Museums Scotland: Edinburgh. xiii+253pp; c.50 b/w and colour illus; ISBN 9781905267309; pbk; £14.99)

   A collection of essays, largely written by the editor, on the multi-faceted life of Andrew Duncan (1744-1828), medical reformer and champion of public health.  The final chapter deals with Duncan’s collection of Edinburgh epitaphs, Elogiorum Sepulchralium Edinenisium Delectus (1815), his interventions to restore the graves of the physician Archibald Pitcairne (d. 1713) and the poet Robert Fergusson (d. 1774), and his own vault in Buccleuch Churchyard, in which he allowed to be buried several of his students (including Charles Darwin, uncle of his famous namesake).  

John E Clark, 2010, ‘Hexham Abbey: the various movements of the fittings since the Dissolution’, Archaeologia Aeliana, 39, 375-400

   An attempt to track the several (sometimes destructive) rearrangements of medieval fittings within the former Augustinian abbey church at Hexham.  Despite the title, in practice it has only been possible to identify movements since the 18th century.  Features investigated include the tomb chest, effigy and wooden ‘cage’ chantry chapel of Prior Rowland Leschman (d. 1491); the brass (of which only the matrix and inscription survive) and wooden chantry chapel of Sir Robert Ogle (d. 1410); and a rare set of four painted panels depicting the Dance of Death.  

Bruce S Elliot, 2011, ‘Proclaiming respectability across the colour line: headstones of free blacks in St Peter’s churchyard, St George’s, Bermuda’, Post-Medieval Archaeol, 45.1, 197-211

   An investigation into 18th and early 19th-century headstones in the former black burial ground at St Peter’s churchyard, which finds that Bermudians, black and white, began erecting permanent headstones as early as many Britons.  The stones can be used to demonstrate claims by free blacks from the 1790s onwards to virtues of respectability and gentility.  A longer study is to appear in the Bermuda Journal of Archaeology & Maritime History.  

Robert A Faleer, 2009, Church Woodwork in the British Isles, 1000-1535: an annotated bibliography  (Scarecrow Press: Lanham, MD & Plymouth. xxii+449pp; ISBN 978-0-8108-6739-0; hbk; £59.95)

   Includes 15 entries, with abstracts, classified under ‘wooden tomb effigies and statuary’.

Brent Fortenberry, 2011, ‘A lost Bermuda Governor: George Bruere’s burial in context’, Post-Medieval Archaeol, 45.1, 183-96

   A report of the discovery beneath the floorboards of St Peter’s Church, St George’s, Bermuda, of the unmarked grave, identified from the coffin-plate, of George James Bruere, Governor of the colony from 1764 to 1780.  Intra-mural burial was not normal practice in Bermuda (where most churches had wooden floors): the author discusses the social and historical circumstances which may have led to its adoption in this case.  

Peter Hammond, 2011, ‘Chaucer and the de la Pole heraldry’, Ricardian Bulletin (June 2011), 48-50

   Examines the heraldry on the monuments of Thomas Chaucer and Alice de la Pole, duchess of Suffolk, at Ewelme (Oxon.) and what it tells us about their attitudes to their families and ancestry.  

Michael Hare, 2010, ‘A possible commemorative stone for Æthelmund, father of Æthelric’, in Martin Henig & Nigel Ramsay (eds), Intersections: the archaeology and history of Christianity in England, 400-1200: papers in honour of Martin Biddle and Birthe Kjølbye-Biddle, BAR British ser. 505, pp 135-48  (Archaeopress: Oxford. xxviii+266pp; illus; ISBN 978-1-40730-540-0; pbk; £49)

   Discusses an Anglo-Saxon cross-shaft in the church of St Mary Magdalene, Elmstone Hardwicke (Glos.), and proposes a date in the early 9th century.  The monument may have commemorated the Æthelmund who was a patron of nearby Deerhurst, and who was probably the ealdorman killed in battle in 802.  

Barbara J Harris, 2010, ‘Defining themselves: English aristocratic women, 1450-1550’, J British Studies, 49.4, 734-52

   Investigates female aristocratic identity through tombs and other types of funerary monuments, including glass.  

Marcus Herbert, 2011, ‘The Minster Yorkist: an armoured effigy in the abbey church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Sexburgha, Minster, Isle of Sheppey, Kent’, The Ricardian, 21, 1-22

   A thoroughly researched examination of the alabaster effigy bearing a Yorkist livery collar at Minster-in-Sheppey, concluding that it commemorates William Cheyne (d. 1487) but was made in his lifetime c.1473-83.  

Jonathan Kewley, 2011, ‘Henry Quayle: a Georgian “Stonecutter” and his work’, Georgian Group J, 19, 94-105

   Chiefly features Quayle’s work on gravestones.  

Jeannie Łabno, 2011, Commemorating the Polish Renaissance Child: funeral monuments and their European context  (Ashgate: Farnham. 472pp; 8 colour, 20 b/w illus;  ISBN: 978-0-7546-6825-1; hbk; £70.00).

   A study of the distinctive Polish tradition of monuments commemorating individual children (girls as well as boys), which contrasts with the more usual early modern European practice of commemoration on the parents’ memorials. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Margret Lemberg, 2010, God erbarme dich uber mich / bruder des begere ouch ich: Die Grablegen des hessischen Fürstenhauses  (Historischen Kommission für Hessen: Marburg. 271pp; 111 colour, 15 b/w illus; ISBN: 978-3-942225-03-8; hbk; €24)

   An historical investigation of some 50 tomb monuments, mausolea and crypts, dating from the 13th to the 20th centuries, of the Princes of Hesse and their collateral lines.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Julian M Luxford, 2011, ‘The space of the tomb in Carthusian consciousness’, in Frances Andrews  (ed), Ritual and Space in the Middle Ages: proceedings of the 2009 Harlaxton Symposium, Harlaxton Medieval Studies 21, pp. 259-281 & pls 65-76 (Shaun Tyas: Donington. 384pp; ISBN 978-1907730092; hbk; £49.50)

   Opens with a discussion of the mostly lost tomb of Sir Walter Manny (d. 1372) in his foundation of the London Charterhouse.  He requested an alabaster effigy like that on the tomb of Sir John Beauchamp (d. 1360) in St Paul’s Cathedral (also lost, but engraved for William Dugdale); and two excavated polychromed fragments of the tomb-chest inform a reconstruction by Stuart Harrison.  The intrusive location in the monks’ choir prompts consideration of the Carthusians’ perception of secular tombs (originally proscribed by the order) in their houses.  The author concludes that they were accepted in part as objects worthy of contemplation by the eremetic monks, whose entry into their individual cells was seen as a sort of entombment.  

Douglas Merritt & Francis Greenacre, 2011, Public Sculpture of Bristol, Public Sculpture of Britain 12  (Liverpool Univ Pr: Liverpool. lxv+306pp; 350 b/w illus; ISBN 978-184631-481-0; hbk; £60; ISBN 978-184631-638-8; pbk; £30)

   Includes (unusually, since the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association generally regards tomb monuments as lying outside its remit) an illustrated 29 page essay by Katharine Eustace, ‘Bread and sermons’, on Bristol’s post-medieval church monuments.  The catalogue which makes up the bulk of the book includes an entry for the elaborate Hindu chattri in Arno’s Vale Cemetery commemorating Raja Rammohun Roy (1772-1833).

Tanja Müller-Jonak, 2010, Englische Grabdenkmäler des Mittelalters, 1250–1500 (Michael Imhof: Petersberg. 280pp; 500 illus; ISBN 978-3-86568-602-2; hbk; €49.95)

   A new art-historical and architectural analysis of the development of late medieval English tomb monuments, which seeks to draw conclusions about the self-image of the elite classes, and their ideas of death and the afterlife.  

Christine Oestreicher (ed), 2010, Art and Memory in the Churchyard  (Memorial Arts Charity: Snape. 64pp; colour illus; pbk; £3).  Available from the charity at Snape Priory, Snape, Saxmundham, Suffolk IP17 1SA. Tel: 01728 688393.

   The Memorial Arts Charity exists to promote good design in contemporary memorial art and lettercarving.  This book comprises a catalogue of 21 works (with artists’ statements), and articles on design, epitaphs and carving, including a section addressing the thorny issue of compliance with churchyard regulations.  

Sophie Oosterwijk & Stefanie Knöll (eds), 2011, Mixed Metaphors: the Danse Macabre in Medieval and Early Modern Europe  (Cambridge Scholars Pub: Newcastle-upon-Tyne. xxiii+449pp; 116 b/w + 16 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-4438-2900-7; hbk; £59.99)

    A collection of essays addressing the many aspects of the Danse Macabre, a motif originating as a mural in 1420s’ Paris, but which over the 15th century spread across Europe, confronting observers of all ranks and ages with the inevitability of death in a complex mixture of metaphors including dance, dialogue and violence.  Several of the essays draw on the evidence of tomb monuments, in particular Sophie Oosterwijk’s ‘Dance, dialogue and duality: fatal encounters in the medieval Danse Macabre’, and Jean Wilson’s ‘The kiss of Death: Death as a lover in early modern English literature and art’.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Travis G Parno, 2011, ‘Modelling St Peter’s Church’, Post-Medieval Archaeol, 45.1, 218-20

   A report of the detailed survey and 3-D computer-modelling of St Peter’s church and churchyard, St George’s, Bermuda, including the many churchyard memorials.  

Caterina Y Pierre, 2010, ‘The pleasure and piety of touch in Aimé-Jules Dalou’s Tomb of Victor Noir’, Sculpture J, 19.2, 173-85

   An account of the commissioning and erection of a tomb monument in Père-Lachaise cemetery, Paris, in 1888-91 to the journalist Yvan Salmon (‘Victor Noir’), murdered in 1870 by Prince Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte; and more particularly of the folk-rituals of touch undertaken by those seeking help for romantic and reproductive ills that have developed at the life-size bronze gisant.  

Neil Price, 2010, ‘Passing into poetry: Viking-Age mortuary drama and the origins of Norse mythology’, Medieval Archaeol, 54, 123-56

   A study of the varied funerary practices and ‘mortuary theatre’ of pre-Christian Scandinavia, which draws on both archaeological and literary case-studies to pose the question of whether the material narratives of funerary rites could form one of the creative strands behind what we know today as Norse mythology.  

Ellie Pridgeon, 2009, ‘The function of St Christopher imagery in medieval churches, c.1250 to c.1525: wall painting and brass’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 2-24

   An examination of the textual traditions and iconography of St Christopher, and his role as protector against misadventure both before and after death.  

Jacques Pycke, 2010, ‘La mémoire des morts à la cathédrale de Tournai du XIe au XXIe siècle’, Revue d’Histoire de l’Église de France, 96 (no 237), 289-317

   A wide-ranging study of burial and commemoration in Tournai Cathedral through the past millennium.  Although drawing heavily on mortuary rolls and necrologies, and principally concerned with obituary and intercessory practices, it also touches on monuments.

Warwick Rodwell with Caroline Atkins, 2011, St Peter’s, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire: a parish church and its community  (Oxbow Books: Oxford. 1 vol. in 2 pts; 944pp; copious b/w & colour illus; ISBN 978-1-84217-325-1; hbk; £75)

   This intensive study provides a landmark in church archaeology, presenting the results of an excavation of this important medieval church with a Saxon tower following its redundancy in 1978 and a consequent investigation into the church and the community it served for a millennium.  It contains much information on the burial archaeology of the site, including monuments surviving in the church and fragments of discarded monuments discovered during the excavation (with specialist input from a number of CMS members). Vol. 2 on the human remains, by Tony Waldron, appeared in 2007.  

Nigel Saul, 2009, ‘The brass of Sir William d’Audley at Horseheath, Cambridgeshire’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 43-52

   A study of the brass to Sir William d’Audley (d. 1365) and its chivalric imagery, in particular the feature of two angels lowering a helm onto Audley’s head.  

Nigel Saul & Tim Tatton-Brown (eds), 2010, St George’s Chapel, Windsor: history and heritage  (Dovecote Press: Wimborne Minster. 264pp; ISBN 978-1-904-34983-9; pbk; £14.95)

   A festschrift of 25 essays for Eileen Scarff, archivist at the College of St George, dealing with its history from the middle ages to the present day.  The contents include chapters on royal burials, and on the building of the memorial chapel for George VI.  

Matthew Spriggs & Richard Gendall, 2011, ‘The three epitaphs of Dolly Pentreath’, Cornish Studies, 18, 203-24

   An investigation into the epitaphs commemorating Dolly Pentreath (c.1692-1777), the last known fluent native speaker of Cornish, buried in Paul Churchyard, Mousehole.  One epitaph, in Cornish (which erroneously gave her age as 102), is recorded in two variant versions; another (in English and Cornish) is that on her much-photographed surviving monument, erected by Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte and Rev John Garret in 1860.  The authors find fault in the Cornish of all three texts.  

Mark Stocker, 2011, ‘A monumental agreement: Lord Curzon, Bertram Mackennal and the Curzon Monument at Kedleston’, Sculpture J, 20.1, 71-77

   A discussion of the 1908 legal agreement (and the accompanying negotiations) between the 1st Marquess Curzon (1859-1925) and the sculptor Bertram Mackennal (1863-1931) for an effigial monument in All Saints’ Church, Kedleston (Derbys.) to the Marquess and his wife Mary (1870-1906).  

Charles Alfred Stothard, 2011, Monumental Effigies of Great Britain  (Ken Trotman: Huntingdon. c.195pp; 144 colour & b/w plates; hbk; £130; comb-bound; £95): for further details, contact

   A full-colour reproduction, in a limited edition of 200 copies, of the classic and still authoritative work first published in 1811-1832.  The plates have been scanned and printed to a high standard, but reduced to A4 size: in most cases, however, this has effectively meant reducing the margins rather than the plate size.  The volume includes the original text by A J Kempe, but not John Hewitt’s additional text for the 1876 edition.  

Neil Stratford, Brigitte Maurice-Chabard & David Walsh, 2011, Corpus de la Sculpture de Cluny: les parties orientales de la grande église Cluny III  (A & J Picard: Paris. 1 vol in 2 pts; 823pp; copious b/w & some colour illus; ISBN 978-2-7084-0844-9; pbk; €125)     A magisterial and definitive study of the Romanesque sculpture at Cluny, including a section on tomb slabs.  

Catherine Switzer, 2010, ‘The Iraq casualty, the listed monument and the missing child: the multiple roles of war memorials in the contemporary United Kingdom’, J War & Culture Studies, 3.1, 83-98

   On the changing contemporary meanings and functions of World War I memorials.  

Ronald van Belle, 2009, ‘Villers-Vermont, France’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 63-69

   A report on two monuments in the church of Villers-Vermont, Picardy: the incised slab of Pierre de Mercastel (d. 1269) and his wife Beatrice des Quesnes (d. 1295), and the unusual circular ‘foundation’ brass of Philippes Lameuguer, dated 1634.  

Philip Ward-Jackson, 2011, ‘Accommodating ritual display: episcopal monuments, 1896-1915’, Studies in Victorian Architecture & Design 3, 100-19

   A reappraisal of late 19th and early 20th-century commemorative sculptures of British bishops and archbishops, traditionally held in low critical regard.  

Jean Wilson, 2011, ‘Monuments of piety, integrity and learning’, The Times, 27th Aug 2011, p 100

   Considers funerary monuments commemorating the translators of the Authorised Version of the Bible, observing that few of the monuments make direct reference to this important work.  One exception is the tomb of Richard Brett at Quainton (Bucks.), the subject of a large illustration.  

Lydia Wilson (ed), 2009, Knockbreda: its monuments and people  (The Follies Trust: Belfast. 56pp; many colour & b/w illus; £5 inc. p&p): available from Mr T W Atkinson, 100 Mullahead Road, Tandragee, Co. Armagh BT62 2LB; or free as a pdf download at

   A collection of short essays on the graveyard at Knockbreda, near Belfast, a fashionable place for burials in the 18th century: published by the Follies Trust, which has taken on the conservation of some of its extraordinary mausolea. Contributors include Finbar McCormick on the evolution of Irish burials and monuments; William Roulston on the people buried in the graveyard; and, on the mausolea, James Stevens Curl on the architecture, Nini Rogers on the occupants, and Chris McCollum on the conservation.

Kelcey Wilson-Lee, 2009, ‘A fifteeenth-century brass at Swithland, Leicestershire, and the commemoration of female religious in late medieval England’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.1, 25-35

   A study of an unusual mid-15th-century brass commemorating Agnes Scot, an anchoress, examined within the context of other memorials to female religious.  

John Allan & Andrew G Langdon, 2008, ‘Medieval gravestones and architectural fragments from the churchyard of St Michael’s, Lesnewth’, Cornish Archaeol, 47, 129-45 A report on carved local stone fragments recovered from the churchyard at Lesnewth in the wake of the 2004 Boscastle flood, including pieces of a late medieval grave slab bearing a floriated cross, and of a wheel-headed cross of similar date, probably a grave-marker, displaying a fleur-de-lys on both faces.


Rhianydd Biebrach, 2010, ‘The medieval episcopal monuments in Llandaff Cathedral’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 159, 221-39

A reappraisal of the six surviving medieval episcopal monuments at Llandaff (five 13th-century, one late 15th), which also draws on antiquarian evidence for monuments now lost.  The tradition that some of the effigies represent the cathedral’s three founding saints is considered but found wanting.  The quality of the monuments, however, demonstrates that the diocese was fully integrated into a wider mainstream commemorative culture.

Julia Boorman, 2010, ‘Bishop Wyville’s brass’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.2, 97-118 A study of the large and unusual brass at Salisbury Cathedral to Robert Wyville, Bishop of Salisbury (d.1375), exploring its allusions to Wyville’s successful recovery from the Crown of Sherborne Castle, Dorset, and Bishop’s Bere chase in Windsor Forest.  

Maggie Bullett, 2011, ‘The reception of the Elizabethan religious settlement in three Yorkshire parishes, 1559-72’, Northern History, 48.2, 225-52

An investigation into how the Elizabethan religious settlement of 1559 was negotiated at local level in the Yorkshire parishes of Masham, Sheffield and St Martin’s, Coney Street, York.  Sources are mainly documentary, but include, at Masham, the tomb monument of Marmaduke Wyvill (d.1617), erected in 1613, which incorporates two discreetly rendered crosses as symbols of his continuing Catholicism.  

Jeremy Butler (ed.), 2010, Diary of a Devon antiquary: the illustrated journals and sketchbooks of Peter Orlando Hutchinson, 1871-1894  (Halsgrove: Wellington. 192pp; 450+ colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978 0 85704 075 6; hbk; £49.99, or £34.99 web price from the publisher; +£15 for slipcased edition)

An edition of the journal entries made by Hutchinson over some 20 years on visits to the antiquities of (principally) south-east Devon, illustrated with watercolour sketches and spiced with anecdotal detail.  The focus is on field monuments and prehistoric remains, but a number of church monuments are featured, including some detailed records of heraldry.

  Les Cahiers de Saint-Michel de Cuxa, 42 (2011), ‘Mémoires, tombeaux et sépultures à l’époque romane’  (289pp; copious b/w & colour illus; ISBN 9782953714913)

The proceedings, edited by Cécile Treffort, of a conference on Romanesque tombs and burials held at the abbey of Saint-Michel de Cuxa (Pyrénées-Orientales) in July 2010.  Case studies are principally from France, Spain and Italy.  Contents include: Jean-René Gaborit on French monuments to supposed saints; Géraldine Mallet on a putative Catalonian workshop; Francesca Español on benefactors’ tombs at Ripoll, Catalonia; Eduardo Carrero Santamaría on funerary topography in Iberian great churches; Anne Embs on the origins of the idea of the dynastic necropolis; Philippe Plagnieux on the tomb of Queen Adelaide de Maurienne (d.1154) at Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, Paris; Therese Martin on the royal pantheon at San Isodoro, León; Milagros Guardia on Spanish responses to the murder of Thomas Becket; Delphine Boyer-Gardner on episcopal tombs in Aquitaine; Maria Lluïsa Quetgles Roca on the sarcophagus of Doña Sancha (d.1097) at Jaca, Aragon; Guillaume Grillon on tomb slabs in Burgundy; Marc Sureda i Jubany on the tomb of Guillem de Montgrí (d.1273) at Girona; Marie-Pasquine Subes on reconciling iconographic and liturgical sources for funerary ritual; three papers on the re-use and emulation of Roman and palaeochristian sarcophagi; and two on the burial and cult of Pietro Orseolo (d.988), former Doge of Venice, at Saint-Michel de Cuxa.  In French, with multilingual abstracts.  

Dorigen Caldwell, 2011, ‘A neglected papal commission in Naples Cathedral: the tomb of Cardinal Alfonso Carafa’, Burlington Mag, 153 (no. 1304; November), 712-17 An account of the large wall monument at Naples to Cardinal Alfonso Carafa (d.1565), commissioned by Pope Pius V in reparation for wrongs inflicted by his predecessor on the Carara family.  It was erected in 1567-8 to the architectural designs of Giovanni Lippi (alias Nanni di Baccio Bigio), and with sculptural elements by Giovanni Domenico Bersaglia.  Bersaglia’s contract, previously unpublished, appears as an appendix.  

Jon Cannon, 2011, ‘Berkeley patronage and the 14th-century choir’, in Jon Cannon & Beth Williamson (eds), The Medieval Art, Architecture and History of Bristol Cathedral, pp. 148-85 (Boydell: Woodbridge. 376pp; many b/w & colour illus; ISBN 9781843836803; hbk; £55)

A study of the Berkeley family’s patronage of the choir at St Augustine’s Abbey, Bristol (now the Cathedral), focusing on the activities of three successive Barons Berkeley – Thomas II (d.1321), Maurice III (d.1326), and Thomas III (d.1361) – and including discussion of burials and tomb monuments.  Despite a number of complications in the evidence, the author identifies the surviving Berkeley effigies as Thomas II, Maurice III, Margaret Mortimer, wife of Thomas III, and her son, Maurice IV.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Jon Cannon, 2008, ‘Identity in stone: art, piety and status in late-medieval and early post-medieval Cornwall’, Cornish Archaeol, 47, 203-8

A review article based on Paul Cockerham’s Continuity and change: memorialisation and the Cornish funeral monument industry, 1497-1660 (BAR British Series 412, 2006).

  Kate Cooper, 2011, ‘Llanbadarn Fawr churchyard memorials’, Ceredigion, 16.3, 63-87

A study of monuments in the large churchyard of Llanbadarn Fawr (whose historic parish included what is now Aberystwyth).  The author analyses elements including gravestone iconography and the language and formulae of inscriptions to assess their value as evidence for broader social, economic and cultural trends.  

John Crook, 2011, English Medieval Shrines (Boydell: Woodbridge. 356pp; 57 b/w illus; ISBN 9781843836827; hbk; £39.95)

A study of the structures created to house, protect and display the remains of saints, and to provide access for pilgrims. Following a European overview from the late Roman period onwards, the body of the work focuses on England from the Anglo-Saxon period to the Reformation. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

R de Weijert, K Ragetli, A-J Bijsterveld & J van Arenthals (eds), 2011, Living Memoria: studies in medieval and early modern memorial culture in honour of Truus van Bueren (Verloren: Hilversum. 432pp; many b/w & colour illus; ISBN 9789087042721; pbk; €35)

A festschrift of 20 essays (16 in English, 4 in German) on medieval and early modern memorial culture, mainly in the Low Countries and Scandinavia.  Contributions include Arnoud-Jan Bijsterveld on royal burial places in western Europe; Corine Schlief on the ‘social topography’ of memorials; Annemarie Speetjens on chantries in the Low Countries; Thomas Schilp on commemorative ‘light shows’ in medieval churches; Sophie Oosterwijk on ‘babes on brackets’ on medieval tombs; Hildo van Engen on devotional diptychs; and Henri Defoer on a triptych from the Utrecht Charterhouse.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Mark Downing, 2011, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 3: Gloucestershire-Lancashire  (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 168pp; 282 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-3-2; pbk; £20 + £4 p&p).  Available from the author at 9 Kestrel Drive, Sundorne Grove, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4TT

The latest volume in Mark Downing’s comprehensive national survey of military effigies to 1500, excluding brasses and incised slabs.  Each effigy is illustrated.  

Phillip A Emery & Kevin Wooldridge, 2011, St Pancras Burial Ground: excav-ations for St Pancras International, the London terminus of High Speed 1, 2002-3  (Museum of London Archaeology: London. xviii+231pp; 180 col & b/w illus, 35 tables, CD-ROM; ISBN 9780956940605; hbk; £27.95)

A report on excavations from the ‘Third Ground’, the southernmost part of St Pancras Burial Ground, London, opened in 1792 and closed in 1854.  1,383 burials were recorded archaeologically, of which 715 received full osteological analysis.  Coffin-plates allowed the identification of numerous individuals and the expansion of biographical detail.  

English Heritage, 2011, ‘The Heritage of Death’, themed issue of Conservation Bulletin, 66 (Summer)  (English Heritage. 49pp; colour illus; ISSN 0753–8674).  Available at as a free download

This issue focuses on ethical and practical issues of preserving, excavating, displaying and interpreting cemeteries, tombstones, war memorials, and human remains.  Contributions include: Julian Litten on recent investigations of post-Reformation burial vaults; Linda Monckton on broader policy; David Garrard & Hannah Parham on statutory listing at Bunhill Fields, London; Gillian Darley on community involvement at St George’s Gardens, Holborn; Philip Davies on British cemeteries and monuments in the former Empire; Frances Moreton, Amy Davidson & Emma Nelson on the War Memorials Trust; and a report on the restoration of the mausoleum of Sir Richard Burton (d.1890) at Mortlake.

  Colin R Fenn & James Slattery-Kavanagh, 2011, West Norwood Cemetery’s Greek Necropolis: an illustrated guide  (Friends of West Norwood Cemetery: London.  Folded A2 sheet; plan & colour illus; ISBN 9781873520789; £2.50)  Available from FOWNC at 79 Durban Road, London SE27 9RW

The first English-language guide to the Greek enclave established in 1842 within West Norwood cemetery, with its many noteworthy monuments and mausolea.  

Richard Foster, 2011, ‘A Statue of Henry III from Westminster Abbey’, Antiquaries J, 91, 253-82

An investigation into the claim that a life-sized statue of Henry III from the north front of Westminster Abbey, removed during restoration in 1980, might be late 13th or 14th-century work.  The author concludes that it was carved in 1831, but modelled on Henry III’s tomb effigy, either from a lost drawing by Edward Blore or the 1812 etching by Charles Stothard.  

Charles Freeman, 2011, Holy Bones, Holy Dust: how relics shaped the history of medieval Europe  (Yale UP: New Haven. 306pp; 16 b/w illus; ISBN 9780300125719; hbk; £25)

A survey of the cult of saints and relics in the middle ages, of pilgrimage and of the development of the reliquary; and of the emergence of more sceptical attitudes in the later middle ages, leading ultimately to protestant iconoclasm.  

Terry Friedman, 2011, The Eighteenth-Century Church in Britain  (Yale UP: New Haven. xv+790pp; 520 b/w, 185 colour illus, CD-ROM; ISBN 9780300159080; hbk; £60)

A magisterial study of the architectural and social history of ecclesiastical buildings of all denominations in 18th-century Britain.  Chapter 6, ‘From the cradle to the grave’, includes discussion of funerals, tombs and mausoleums.  The accompanying CD-ROM carries design and construction histories of 272 buildings.  

Adrian G Gray, 2011, ‘“To makeing a Coffin”: the records of a village undertaker’, Local Historian, 41.3, 216-28

Analyses the records of the father-and-son William Grays, undertakers, carpenters and parish clerks of Great Sampford, Essex, from the early 1850s to 1926.

Madeleine Gray, 2010, ‘The brass of Richard and Elizabeth Bulkeley in Beaumaris: some new light on the Reformation in Wales’, Anglesey Antiquarian Soc & Field Club Trans, 9-25

An assessment of the brass to Richard Bulkeley (d.1530), a Beaumaris merchant, and his wife Elizabeth, negotiating its puzzling combination of traditional Catholic iconography with inscriptions seemingly influenced by Protestant ideas.  

Madeleine Gray, 2011, ‘Death, commemoration and the Reformation in Monmouthshire ’, Monmouthshire Antiquary, 27, 43-56

A study of the commemoration of the dead in 16th-century Monmouthshire, drawing principally on the evidence of wills, and discussing the choices made by testators for burial places and monuments.  

Peter Hill, 2011, A History of Death and Burial in Northamptonshire  (Amberley: Stroud. 160pp; many b/w illus; ISBN 9781445604626; pbk; £14.99)

A study of the rituals of death, burial and commemoration in a single county from the middle ages to the present day.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Paul Koudounaris, 2011, The Empire of Death: a cultural history of ossuaries and charnel houses  (Thames & Hudson: London. 224pp; 421 colour illus; ISBN 9780500251782; hbk; £29.95)

A survey by an art historian of ossuaries, catacombs and charnel houses in nearly 20 countries, lavishly if gruesomely illustrated with specially commissioned photographs and archive images.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Andrew G Langdon, 2008, ‘An inscribed grave slab from St Ervan’, Cornish Archaeol, 47, 147-52 Reports the discovery of the head of a Purbeck coffin-shaped slab at St Ervan, found supporting a plant-pot, and showing evidence of previous phases of re-use.  Dated to the 12th or 13th centuries, it bears a foliated cross and a Norman-French inscription on its chamfered sides.  

Christian D Liddy with Christian Steer, 2010, ‘John Lord Lumley and the creation and commemoration of lineage in early modern England’, Archaeological J, 167, 197-227

The first detailed contextual study of the remarkable series of 14 ancestral effigies (3 authentically medieval but reassigned; 11 specially commissioned) installed in the 1590s by John, Lord Lumley (d. 1609), at Chester-le-Street, County Durham.  The author argues that the childless Lumley, whose heir was a second cousin, intended them to form ‘an integral part of [his] plans for the education and grooming of his successor’.  

Nigel Llewellyn with John Hawkins, Peter Macleod & Peter Wilkinson, 2011, East Sussex Church Monuments, 1530-1830, Sussex Record Society 93  (for 2009 & 2010) (Lewes. xliii+450pp; 200 colour illus; ISBN 9780854450756; hbk; £29.50)

An authoritative inventory of post-Reformation monuments in East Sussex, encompassing 1409 monuments in 144 locations, arranged alphabetically by parish name, and with indexes of the commemorated and of artists.  

Julian M Luxford & John McNeill (eds), 2011, The Medieval Chantry in England: a special edition of J British Archaeological Ass, 164  (Maney: Leeds. 368pp; many illus, mainly colour; pbk journal; also available in hardback, ISBN 9781907975165; £49)

This special edition of the JBAA, originating in a conference held in Oxford in 2009, is dedicated to the English chantry.  It contains 11 papers, 9 of which focus on the material culture of the chantry: John McNeill on its early medieval ‘prehistory’; Julian Luxford on the ‘stone-cage’ chapel; Antje Fehrmann on English royal chantry provision, 1232-1509; Kate Heard on textiles and chantries; Anna Eavis on the foundations of William of Wykeham (d. 1404); Cathy Oakes on the chapels of Bishop Edmund Audley (d. 1524) at Hereford and Salisbury Cathedrals; Charles Tracy and Hugh Harrison on the chantry and parclose of Thomas Spring (d. 1523) at Lavenham, Suffolk; John Goodall on the Jesus Chapel (Abbot Islip’s chantry) at Westminster Abbey; and Phillip Lindley on the cultural repercussions of the suppression.  Other papers consider parish foundations in Bristol, and liturgy and music in the role of the chantry priest.  

Andrew McCorkell, ‘The great Church art sell-off runs into trouble’, Independent on Sunday (26th June 2011), p. 29

On the thorny issue of churches attempting to sell historic artefacts and artworks to raise funds for maintenance.  Prompted by the contested sale of a 16th-century helm hung above the tomb of Sir Thomas Hooke at Wootton St Lawrence (Hants.), and mentioning the proposed (but withdrawn) sale of a 15th-century helm from Sherfield-on-Loddon (Hants.).

MeMO, 2011, The Floor Slabs of Oudewater, available online at

A pilot inventory of twelve 16th-century ledger stones at Grote of Michaëlskerk, Oudewater, Netherlands, offering a foretaste of the interface planned for the Medieval Memoria Online (MeMO) database application, due to be delivered in 2013.  

Jonathan Moor, 2010, ‘Aristocratic pretension and heraldic skulduggery in fourteenth-century Shropshire: Sir Nicholas Burnell of Acton Burnell’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.2, 119-32

A study of the fine military brass to Sir Nicholas Burnell (d. 1382/3) at Acton Burnell, Shropshire, with an account of Sir Nicholas’s career.  The author suggests that the loss of shields on the brass may conceivably result from a heraldic dispute.  

Rachel Moss, 2011, ‘Piety and politics: funerary sculpture in Cashel c.1500-1640’, in Roger Stalley (ed.), Limerick and South-West Ireland: medieval art and architecture, BAA Conference Transactions 34, 158-75  (Maney: Leeds. vii+270pp; many b/w, 20 colour illus; ISBN 9781907625084; pbk; £36; or ISBN 9781907625077; hbk; £76)

An investigation of the rich but fragmentary tomb sculpture of Cashel Cathedral, mainly 16th-century, including grave covers, sections of tomb chests, and two archiepiscopal effigies.  The author argues for a link between the concern to record the status of the deceased and the hereditary rights of descendants.  She also examines religious elements of the sculpture, including two series of Apostles as weepers.  

Robin Netherton & Gale R Owen-Crocker (eds), 2011, Medieval Clothing and Textiles 7 (Boydell: Woodbridge. 192pp; 22 b/w illus; ISBN 9781843836254; hbk; £30)

Contains three essays of interest to students of medieval effigies: Isis Sturtewagen on frilled veils in the Low Countries, 1200-1500; Kimberley Jack on the garment worn by the maiden in the 14th-century poem Pearl, which seeks parallels in brasses and tomb effigies; and an investigation by Mark Chambers into the problematic ‘surcot ouvert’ referred to in late medieval British texts.  

David Odgers, 2011, Caring for Historic Graveyard and Cemetery Monuments  (English Heritage. 44pp; many colour illus).  Available as a free download at

Practical and legal conservation advice from English Heritage.  

Vibeke Olson (ed), 2011, Working with Limestone: the science, technology and art of medieval limestone monuments  (Ashgate: Farnham. 263pp; 135 b/w illus; ISBN 9780754662464; hbk; £65)

An interdisciplinary and international collection of essays on limestone as a medium for medieval building and sculpture, mainly in northern France, Britain and Ireland. None of the contributors deal directly with tomb monuments, but many of the themes may interest CMS members.  Several authors consider the sourcing and transportation of stone, making use of either traditional petrological analysis or the newer technique of neutron activation analysis to determine quarries of origin.  Chapters also include Jonathan Hoyte on practicalities of conservation, and Nigel Hiscock on the interface of architecture, structure and sculpture.

Joachim Poeschke, 2011, Regum Monumenta: Kaiser Friedrich II. und die Grabmäler der normannisch-staufischen Herrscher in Dom von Palermo  (Hirmer: Munich. 262pp; 225 b/w, 22 colour illus, 21 measured drawings; ISBN 9783777432212; hbk; €95)

A exhaustive study of the 13th-century mausoleum established by the Emperor Frederick II (d.1250) in Palermo Cathedral, containing porphyry sarcophagi for himself, his parents, Henry VI and Constance of Hauteville, his wife, Constance of Aragon, and his maternal grandfather, Roger II of Sicily – this last brought from its original location in Cefalù Cathedral.  The tomb of William I of Sicily (d.1166) in Monreale Cathedral is also discussed.    

Mark Redknap, 2011, ‘A tale of lost knights: thirteenth-century effigies in Tintern Abbey’, Monmouthshire Antiquary, 27, 57-79

A detailed investigation of the fragmentary remains of two, or more probably three, 13th-century military effigies from the ruins of Tintern Abbey: a head and trunk discovered in the mid-18th century, another head found in 1820, and a lion footrest found in 1932.  Draws on physical and antiquarian evidence, with a petrological report by Jana M Horák.  

Christine Reynolds (ed.), 2011, Surveyors of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, 1827-1906: reports and letters  (Boydell: Woodbridge. 244pp. ISBN 9781843836575; hbk; £50)

An edition of the annual reports of the 19th-century Surveyors of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey (Edward Blore, George Gilbert Scott and his son J O Scott, J L Pearson and J T Micklethwaite), supplemented with letters and other papers.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Marie-Helene Rousseau, 2011, Saving the Souls of Medieval London: perpetual chantries at St Paul’s Cathedral, c.1200-1548  (Ashgate: Farnham. 242pp; 3 b/w illus; ISBN 9781409405818; hbk; £65)

An account, rooted firmly in the Cathedral archives, of the many chantries at St Paul’s, and of the individuals who endowed, served, and administered them.  Includes an analysis of the siting of chantries and chantry chapels within the Cathedral.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Nigel Saul, Jonathan Mackman, & Christopher Whittick, 2011, ‘Grave stuff: litigation with a London tomb-maker in 1421’, Historical Research, 84.226, 572-85

An examination of a case in the court of common pleas in which the executors of Sir John Dallingridge of Bodiam (d.1408) sued a London mason, John Petit, for failure to deliver a tomb monument to their satisfaction.  Much of the contract was rehearsed in the pleadings, and light is shed on the expectations of patrons and the workings of the market.  A fragment of an alabaster effigy at Bodiam Castle must, on heraldic evidence, have commemorated Dallingridge: it may have been a replacement commission from a Midlands firm after Petit’s dismissal.  

Charlotte A Stanford, 2011, Commemorating the Dead in Late Medieval Strasbourg: the Cathedral's Book of Donors and its use (1320-1521)  (Ashgate: Farnham. 348pp; 37 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4094-0136-0; hbk; £70)

An analysis of the late medieval Book of Donors of Strasbourg Cathedral, which lists 6,954 gifts to the construction fund made in exchange for prayers for the donors’ souls.  The author shows how the Cathedral successfully competed for patronage with parish churches and convents.  A number of references are made to tomb monuments. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Sarah Tarlow, 2011, Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland  (CUP: Cambridge. 238pp; 36 b/w illus, 1 table; ISBN 9780521761543; hbk; £55)

An interdisciplinary study of belief as it related to the dead body in early modern Britain and Ireland, drawing on archaeological, historical, theological, scientific and folkloric sources, and ranging from the theological discussion of bodily resurrection to the use of body parts as remedies, and from the judicial punishment of the corpse to elite burial ceremonies.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Robert Tittler, 2012, Portraits, Painters, and Publics in Provincial England, 1540-1640 (Oxford University Press: Oxford. 216pp; 26 b/w illus; ISBN 9780199585601; hbk; £60)

An innovative enquiry into the affinity for secular portraiture in Tudor and early Stuart England, which places patronage and production in their social and cultural contexts, and distinguishes between ‘vernacular’ provincial portraiture and the more ‘polite’ portraiture of the court and metropolis.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Lisa M Toland, 2011, ‘A growing indifference?  Somerset baronet burial requests, 1580-1785’, Southern History, 33, 30-53

A study of testamentary requests for burial arrangements within a sample of 102 wills from 12 Somerset baronet families, which questions assumptions that choice of burial-place became a matter of relative indifference in the post-Reformation period. 66 testators requested burial in a specified location (often a family vault), 36 gave directions for funerary arrangements, and 10 requested monuments.  

John Turpin & Derrick Knight, 2011, The Magnificent Seven: London’s first landscaped cemeteries  (Amberley: Stroud. 160pp; 180 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4456-0038-3; pbk; £14.99)

A heavily-illustrated account of the seven great landscaped cemeteries opened by private enterprise in the decade from 1832 around the perimeter of London: Kensal Green, Highgate, West Norwood, Nunhead, Brompton, Abney Park, and Tower Hamlets.  Records their sometimes controversial origins, describes selected monuments, and names famous occupants.  

Ronald van Belle, 2010, ‘An incised slab discovery in Bruges and some other Bruges slabs’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.2, 133-44

Reports on a triple-figure incised slab of c.1350, commemorating a male civilian and his two wives, discovered in 2007 built into a buttress at Sint-Salvatorskathedral, Bruges; and another slab commemorating Bouden van den Brocke (d.1325) discovered in 2010 in the same city.  The author identifies the design elements of what he proposes as a Bruges school, with further examples located as far afield as Boston and Rippingale (Lincs.), and Palma de Mallorca. A documented case of export to Germany in 1382 is also discussed.

Ronald van Belle, 2011, Laudas Flamencas en España: ‘Flemish’ Monumental Brasses in Spain  (Beta III Milenio: Bilbao. 288pp; 84 b/w illus; ISBN 9788492629411; pbk; €25 (£23) + €10.50 (£9.10) p&p to UK). Available from the author at Korte Lane nr. 12, 8000 Brugge, Belgium;

A study of Flemish monumental brasses ordered by Spanish merchants and clergy, focusing on surviving examples at Seville, Castro Urdiales, Lekeitio (two), Solsona, Tarragona, Artea, Bilbao, Avila, and Vitoria-Gasteiz, and the locally-produced but Flemish-influenced example at Zaragoza.  The stories of the commemorated and of the brasses themselves are told.  In Spanish, with a 56-page English summary.  

Truus van Bueren, 2010, ‘The brass of Joost van Amstel van Mijnden’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.2, 145-50

An investigation into the brass to Joost van Amstel van Mijnden (d. 1554) and his family, now in the Catharijneconvent Museum, Utrecht.  It commemorates Joost’s family as a whole, including his posthumously-born son, and honours Joost as Lord of Loenersloot, a title which, as he died during his father’s lifetime, he in fact never inherited.

Philip Whittemore, 2010, ‘Murdered by Greek brigands: the sad story of Frederick Vyner’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.2, 151-5

An account of the abduction and murder of four hostages (three English and one Piedmontese) in Greece in 1870, and of the known memorials, including a brass plate, to one of the group, Frederick Vyner.  

Kelcey Wilson-Lee, 2011, ‘Representations of piety and dignity: late medieval stained glass and sepulchral monuments at Norbury, Derbyshire’, Derbyshire Archaeol J, 131, 226-44 A detailed discussion of the intentions behind the several schemes of commemorative art at Norbury commissioned in the late 15th and early 16th centuries by members of the Fitzherbert family, including two alabaster effigial monuments, incised slabs, brasses, and glass.  

Marilyn Yurdan, 2010, Oxfordshire Graves and Gravestones  (History Press: Stroud. 128pp; 96 b/w illus; ISBN 978075249; pbk; £12.99)

A short history of burial and monuments in Oxfordshire ranging from prehistoric barrows to the 21st century.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Michael Aidin, 2009, ‘General Richard Montgomery’s memorial, New York’, The Irish Sword, 36.106 (Winter 2009), 373-4

An account of the monument to the Irish-born General Richard Montgomery, killed fighting for the colonists at the siege of Quebec in 1775, by Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792), sculptor to Louis XV of France. Originally intended for the State House in Philadelphia (planned as a Pantheon for illustrious Americans), the monument was instead installed on the outer wall of St Paul’s Chapel, New York, where Montgomery’s remains were reinterred in 1818, and where it remains.  

Nicholas Amor, 2011, Late Medieval Ipswich: trade and industry  (Boydell: Woodbridge. 300pp; 6 b/w illus, 6 maps; ISBN 978 1 84383 673 5; hbk; £50)

An investigation of the mercantile class in one of the most important of medieval English ports.  Makes extensive use of testamentary evidence, and includes an appendix listing surviving memorials to medieval Ipswich burgesses.

Sally Badham & Paul Cockerham (eds), 2012, ‘The beste and fayrest of al Lincolnshire’: the church of St Botolph, Boston, Lincolnshire, and its medieval monuments, British Archaeol Reports 554  (Archaeopress: Oxford. xi+266pp; 250 colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978 1 4073 0933 0; pbk; £44)

A pioneering study of the monuments of St Botolph’s, surviving and documented, including incised slabs, brasses and indents, and effigies.  Essays on the economic history of Boston, the institutional and architectural history of St Botolph’s, the town’s religious guilds, and the monuments themselves, are followed by a catalogue of 67 pre-Reformation monuments and a summary listing of 106 floor monuments. Authors include the editors, Stephen Rigby, Linda Monckton, Derrick Chivers, Jessica Freeman, Mark Downing, and Brian and Moira Gittos.  

Graham Bathe & Andrew Douglas, 2012, ‘Forging alliances: the life of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, and his commissioning of the Great Illuminated Roll Pedigree of the Seymours and monumental tombs in Wiltshire and Westminster’, Wiltshire Archaeol & Natural History Mag, 105, 182-218

A study of the lifelong efforts made by Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford (1539-1621), in the wake of the execution of his father, Protector Somerset, in 1552, to recover his own and his family’s status through genealogical documentation and promotion. His commissions included a vast painted pedigree roll, completed in 1604; and family tomb monuments in Westminster Abbey and at Great Bedwyn (Wilts). The authors argue that Hertford almost certainly also commissioned the enormous monument in Salisbury Cathedral to himself and his first ‘wife’ (the marriage’s legality was disputed), Lady Catherine Grey (d. 1558), although it was not erected until after his death.  

Steven C Bullock & Sheila McIntyre, 2011, ‘The handsome tokens of a funeral: glove-giving and the large funeral in eighteenth-century New England’, William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser. 69.2, 305-67

An examination of the distribution of gloves to mourners at funerals, a ritual practised particularly intensively in early and mid-18th-century New England.  

Christopher Collard, 2012, ‘An epitaph attributable to John Skelton?’, Notes & Queries, 59.1 (Mar. 2012), 30-32

A textual investigation of a Latin and English epitaph hung by the tomb of Queen Philippa of Hainault (d. 1369) in Westminster Abbey. The author concludes that, like those at the tombs of Henry VII and Lady Margaret Beaufort, it is probably attributable to the poet John Skelton (c.1460–1529).  

James Stevens Curl, 2011, Freemasonry and the Enlightenment: architecture, symbols & influences  (Historical Pubs: London. 356pp; 71 colour, 251 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-905286-45-4; hbk; £45)

A rewritten and greatly expanded version of the author’s Art and Architecture of Freemasonry: an introductory study, first published in 1991. The concluding chapter includes discussion of Masonic influences and allusions in the design of monuments, mausolea and cemeteries.  

Elizabeth den Hartog, John Veerman & Jan Droge (eds), 2011, De Pieterskerk in Leiden: Bouwgeschiedenis, inrichting en gedenktekens  (Wbooks: Zwolle. 512pp; 350 illus; ISBN 9789040078187; hbk; €59.50)

A multi-authored monograph on the history, fabric and monuments of the Pieterskerk in Leiden, including discussion of memorials to the mathematician Ludolph van Ceulen (d. 1610), the humanist scholar Josephus Justus Scaliger (d. 1609), the botanist Carolus Clusius (d. 1609), the theologian Johannes Cocceius (d. 1669), the physician Herman Boerhaave (d. 1738), and that to Johannes Polyander van Kerckhoven (d. 1663), sculpted by Rombout Verhulst.  

Máirín Doddy, 2011, ‘The Dennis mausoleum, Co. Galway’, History Ireland, 19.1, 27

On the unusual cast-iron mausoleum in Clonbern graveyard, erected in c.1865 by Elizabeth Dennis (d. 1897) of Bermingham House to house the remains of her husband, Colonel Maurice Griffin Dennis (1805-63), and his brother John Irwin Dennis (d. 1869).  

Mark Downing, 2012, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 4: Leicestershire-Norfolk  (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 149pp; 231 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-4-9; pbk; £20 + £4 p&p).  Available from the author at 9 Kestrel Drive, Sundorne Grove, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4TT. A further volume in Mark Downing’s national survey of military effigies to 1500.  

Vincent Debiais, 2011, ‘L’inscription funéraire des XIe-XIIe siècles et son rapport au corps: une épigraphie entre texte et image’, Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, 54.216 (Oct-Dec 2011), 337-62

An exploration of allusions to and representations of the body on 11th- and 12th-century monuments in France. The author sees the funerary inscription as an interface between the living and the dead, and argues that, despite the disappearance from sight of the physical body, texts and images gave the deceased a continuing and durable presence.  

Sally M Foster, 2010, ‘The curatorial consequences of being moved, moveable or portable: the case of carved stones’, Scottish Archaeol J, 32.1, 15-28

A discussion centred on Scottish carved stones (but with wider application) of the sometimes artificial distinction between site-specific ‘monuments’ and moveable ‘artefacts’; and of the legal and operational implications of this divide for ownership, custody, curation and understanding.  

John A A Goodall, 2011, ‘The chantry chapel at Guy’s Cliffe, Warwick’, in Linda Monckton & Richard K Morris (eds), Coventry: medieval art, architecture and archaeology in the city and its vicinity, BAA Conference Trans 33, pp. 304-17 (Maney: Leeds. xx+362pp; many b/w, 47 colour illus; ISBN 9781906540630; hbk; £76; or ISBN 9781906540623; pbk; £36)

An account of the history and architecture of the chapel at Guy’s Cliffe, originally a hermitage but established as a chantry in 1423; and of its gigantic mid-14th-century sculpture, carved from the living rock, of the legendary Guy of Warwick, appropriated as an ancestor by the earls of Warwick.  

Madeleine Gray, 2011, ‘The brass of Richard and Joan Foxwist at Llanbelig: death, commemoration and the Reformation in Wales’, Trans Caernarvonshire Hist Soc, 72, 54-68 A discussion of the idiosyncratic brass at Llanbelig to the Caernarfon notary Richard Foxwist (d. 1500) and his wife Joan.  A shield depicts the Five Wounds of Christ, but the florid Latin inscription seems to anticipate Reformation ideas in omitting imprecatory requests and celebrating the virtues of the deceased.  

Dennis Hadley, [2012], Powell’s Opus Sectile Locations. Free download available from the Tiles & Architectural Ceramics Soc at

An inventory of work in opus sectile, a form of mosaic made from glass or marble tiles, frequently used for memorial tablets. The technique was pioneered by James Powell and Sons, and the inventory, covering examples from 1864 to 1942, is based on entries in the Powell’s of Whitefriars archive held at the Victoria & Albert Museum.  

Stephen Hart, 2012, Medieval Church Window Tracery in England  (Boydell: Woodbridge. 184pp; 261 b/w, 20 colour illus; ISBN 9781843837602; pbk; £19.99)

A paperback edition of a study of window tracery from the 13th to 16th centuries published in hardback in 2010. The author goes beyond simple classification to explore motifs, themes, patterns and techniques, and the distinction between a window’s architectural form and its tracery style. Based on a visual catalogue of some 250 images from churches throughout England, and including a glossary of terms. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Marcus Herbert, 2012, ‘The pied bull: a Nevill effigy in the parish church of St Lawrence, Mereworth, Kent’, The Ricardian, 22, 9-33

A reassessment of an alabaster tomb effigy at Mereworth, associated (on the basis of a bull crest and footrest) with the Nevill family, Earls of Westmorland. The author dates it to the early 16th century, and concludes that it probably commemorates George Nevill, second Baron Bergavenny (d. 1492), and was originally located in Lewes Priory.  

Roger Hudson, 2012, ‘Where Washington lies’, History Today, 62.2, 28-9

A discussion of an 1859 photograph (originally one of a pair of stereographs) showing George Washington’s mausoleum at Mount Vernon, Virginia, erected in 1831, undergoing repair.  

John G Hunter, 2012, ‘Changing fashions in monumental inscriptions’, Local Historian, 42.1 (Feb 2012), 16-28

An analysis of the phraseology of monumental inscriptions from the late 16th to the early 19th centuries, based on a survey of some 2,400 inscriptions in eight burial grounds in north-west England, encompassing rural and urban, and Free Church and Church of England sites. The author identifies two significant 18th-century shifts: from ‘Here lies the body’ to ‘Here lie the remains’, reflecting an acceptance of the immortality of the soul over ideas of bodily resurrection; and a later increasing emphasis on the ‘memory’ of an individual’s life.  

Laura Jacobus, 2012, ‘The tomb of Enrico Scrovegni in the Arena Chapel, Padua’, Burlington Mag, 154 (no 1311: June 2012), 403-9

A reappraisal of the monumental tomb of Enrico Scrovengni (d. 1336) in Padua. The author argues that the sarcophagus belongs to an earlier monument commissioned for the present site from Giovanni Pisano before Enrico’s flight to Venice in 1320; but that the effigy and attendant angels were commissioned later, from an unidentified master, for S. Mattia, Venice, where Enrico was temporarily interred. The second sculptor is distinguished from the creator of the effigy of Castellone Salomone at Treviso, with whom he has traditionally been conflated.  

David King, 2011, ‘The indent of John Aylward: glass and brass at East Harling’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.3, 251-67

The indent of a brass to John Aylward (d. 1503), rector of East Harling (Norfolk), by the Norwich glazier William Heyward, is considered in the context of other memorials in the church to members of the Harling family, including glass of the 1490s which is also likely to be by Heyward. The implications of the same multi-media workshop being responsible for glass, brasses, and panel and wall paintings are discussed.  

Reinhard Lamp, 2011, ‘The inscriptions of the Blodwell brass at Balsham, Cambridgeshire’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.3, 212-26

An examination of the inscriptions on the brass of John Blodwell (d. 1462). The author finds a metrical inconsistency in the marginal inscription, pointing to the accidental omission of a line of verse by the engraver; and argues that the foot inscription (in dialogue form) was composed by Blodwell himself, revealed to be familiar with biblical and classical texts and a poet of considerable ability.  

Jörg H Lampe & Meike Willing (eds), 2012, Die Inschriften des Landkreises Holzminden,  Reihe Die Deutschen Inschriften 83 (Ludwig Reichert: Wiesbaden. 388pp; 46 colour, 184 b/w illus; ISBN 978-3-89500-884-9; hbk; €62)

An annotated catalogue of 276 inscriptions (extant and documented) dating from before 1650 in the district of Holzminden in Lower Saxony, including those from the Cistercian foundation of Amelungsborn Abbey.  Many of the inscriptions are from tomb monuments; others are from secular buildings, bells, and other media.  

Julian Luxford, 2011, ‘The Hastings brass at Elsing: a contextual analysis’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.3, 193-211

A reconsideration of the well-known brass of Hugh Hastings (d. 1347) at Elsing, Norfolk, which places it in its social and religious contexts, and within that of a wider network of Hastings dynastic commemoration. Draws particularly on the 1408 Court of Chivalry case of Grey v. Hastings (regarding the right to bear the Hastings arms), in which the brass and other heraldic displays were adduced in evidence.  

Richard Mawrey, 2012, ‘The mystery of the Glastonbury Cross’, History Today, 62.4 (Apr. 2012), 5

An account of a bizarre and still unresolved incident of 1981-3, when a metal detectorist produced what he represented as the lead cross from the purported grave of King Arthur at Glastonbury (published in the 1607 edition of Camden’s Britannia), claiming to have found it in the drained lake-bed of Forty Hall, Middlesex; but then refused to surrender the item or reveal its whereabouts, preferring to suffer imprisonment for contempt of court. The author acted as barrister for Enfield Council, which claimed legal title.  

Elizabeth Norton, 2011, ‘Elizabeth Blount of Kinlet: an image of Henry VIII’s mistress identified’, Shropshire History and Archaeology, 84, 21-26

A discussion of the tomb of Sir John Blount (d.1531) at Kinlet (Salop), attributed to the Burton alabasterer Richard Parker. The author identifies one of the six daughters shown on panels on the tomb chest as the mother of Henry VIII’s illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy, and makes a case for this being a portrait.  

Jude O’Gorman, 2010, ‘The grave-stone of Thomas Crosbie alias Godly, 1767’, J Kerry Archeol & Historical Soc, 2nd ser. 10, 90-93

A report on a limestone tablet now in Kerry County Museum.  Crosbie was implicated in the theft of silver bullion from the wrecked Danish vessel The Golden Lion in 1731.  

Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth & Maria Hayward (eds), 2012, Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles of the British Isles, c. 450-1450  (Brill: Leiden. 688pp; 36 colour, 101 b/w illus; ISBN 978-90-04-12435-6; hbk; €195)

Includes entries by Chrys Plumley on ‘Effigies and brasses’; Gale Owen-Crocker on ‘Funerals: ante-1100’; Benjamin Wild on ‘Funerals: post-1100’; and many others which make evidential use of tomb monuments, or which will be of value to those seeking to understand costume details.

Patricia Berrahou Phillippy, 2011, ‘A comfortable farewell: child-loss and funeral monuments in early modern England’, in Naomi J Miller & Naomi Yavneh (eds), Gender and Early Modern Constructions of Childhood, pp. 17-37 (Ashgate: Farnham. xiii+248pp; 26 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4094-2997-5; hbk; £55)

A discussion of the emotional impact and gendering of child loss as reflected in the inscriptions and iconography of English tomb monuments dating from 1596 to 1688.  

Patricia Berrahou Phillippy, 2011, ‘Living stones: Lady Elizabeth Russell and the art of sacred conversation’, in Micheline White (ed), English Women, Religion, and Textual Production, 1500-1625, pp. 17-36 (Ashgate: Farnham. vii+252pp; 8 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4094-0651-8; hbk; £60)

A consideration of the protestant faith and ideas of reconciliation of Elizabeth, Lady Russell (née Cooke, and later Hoby) (1528–1609); and their expression through tomb monuments, including those to her parents, husbands, children, and herself.  The author argues that an elegy sent by Lady Russell to her nephew, Robert Cecil, on the death of his wife Elizabeth in 1597, may have been submitted as a proposed epitaph for Elizabeth’s monument in Westminster Abbey.  

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