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 Recent Publications: The Earlier Lists Continued.

Public Monuments & Sculpture Association, Public Sculptures of Sussex Database.  Accessible at

A database of (currently) 412 records of public sculpture in Sussex compiled by Peter Seddon, Jill Seddon & Anthony McIntosh for the National Recording Project initiated by the PMSA in association with the University of Brighton as its regional partner. Although predominantly concerned with secular sculpture, the database includes 30 post-medieval church monuments, several outdoor mausolea and tombs, selected war memorials, and the 1854 memorial to the Duke of Wellington in the style of an Eleanor Cross in St Nicholas’ Church, Brighton.  

Thom Richardson, 2011, ‘Armour in England, 1325-99’, J Medieval History, 37, 304-20 An overview of the introduction of plate armour in England during the 14th century, drawing on the evidence of brasses and effigies as well as surviving pieces.  

Roger Rosewell, Stained Glass  (Shire: Oxford. 88pp; 102 col illus; ISBN 978-074781-147-3; £7.99)

An introduction to the history of stained glass from its Anglo-Saxon origins to the present day, including discussion of how medieval people ‘saw’ stained glass. A gazetteer briefly lists nearly 600 sites of important glass. To be reviewed in Church Monuments.  

Nigel Saul, 2012, ‘Language, lordship, and architecture: the brass of Sir Thomas and Lady Walsh at Wanlip, Leicestershire, and its context’, Midland History, 37.1, 1-16

A study of the brass of Sir Thomas Walsh and his wife, dated 1393, at Wanlip (Leics.), notable for including the earliest extant example of an English-language inscription on a high-status tomb monument. The author suggests that the patrons chose English in order to attract intercession from the widest possible audience, in recognition of their rebuilding of the church and ‘hallowing’ of the churchyard (both recorded by the inscription). The church incorporates motifs from the state apartments commissioned by John of Gaunt at Kenilworth Castle, explicable in terms of Sir Thomas’s close associations with Gaunt.  

John Schofield, 2011, St Paul’s Cathedral before Wren (English Heritage: Swindon. 386pp; 248 colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-848020-56-6; hbk; £100)

A comprehensive account of the archaeology and history of St Paul’s and its churchyard, from the Roman period to Wren’s rebuilding of 1675-1711, drawing on documentary and physical evidence.  Includes discussion of the architecture of the cathedral’s medieval tombs by Nicola Coldstream; of post-Reformation monuments by Nigel Llewellyn; of recovered fragments of pre-Reformation tombs by Stephen Freeth & Derrick Chivers; and of the medieval brasses, also by Stephen Freeth.  

Ruth Sear, 2012, ‘Brass stolen from Bletchingley church’, Local History Records (J Bourne Soc), 71, 9-11

A retelling of an 1878 account by the journalist Louis Jennings of the theft some years earlier of a brass from the church at Bletchingley (Surrey) by a visitor described as a ‘gentleman in a carriage’. The figure of a priest (c.1510) was subsequently recovered; its inscription was not.  

Peter Sherlock, 2011, ‘Militant masculinity and the monuments of Westminster Abbey’, in Susan Broomhall & Jacqueline Van Gent (eds), Governing Masculinities in the Early Modern Period: regulating selves and others, pp. 131-52 (Ashgate: Farnham. xi+328pp; 19 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4094-3238-8; hbk; £65)

A discussion of the emergence of militarism as a major theme in the ‘patriarchal’ commemorative culture of Westminster Abbey, based on six monuments erected between 1595 and 1631.  

Anne Sloman & Janet Gough, [2012], The Church Buildings Council’s Policy on the Sale of Treasures from Churches. Free download available from

A hard-hitting guidance note making the case against the sale by churches of fittings, silver and artworks.  Mentions among its examples helmets from tomb monuments, and counters the argument that items of secular origin may be thought eligible for sale.  

Margaret Statham & Sally Badham, 2011, ‘Jankyn Smith of Bury St Edmunds and his brass’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.3, 227-50

A study of the life of John (Jankyn) Smith (d. 1481), a major benefactor of Bury St Edmunds, and of the brass commemorating him and his wife Anne in St Mary’s church. There is no devotional image in the composition, perhaps because it was originally positioned close to the image of Smith’s name saint, St John.  

David J Stewart, 2011, The Sea Their Graves: an archaeology of death and remembrance in maritime culture  (Univ Press of Florida: Gainesville. xi+259pp; 50 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-8130-3734-9; hbk; £61.95)

A study of gravestones and other memorials to seafarers in Britain and the United States, and their relationship to the customs and beliefs of mariners and their families. These people are considered as a ‘folk group’.  The author concentrates primarily on 19th-century memorials and includes a chapter on burial at sea, the absence of a body being a frequent feature of maritime commemoration.  

Kate Taylor, 2011, The Pious Undertaking Progresses: the chantry chapel of St Mary the Virgin, Wakefield Bridge in the 19th, 20th and early 21st centuries, Wakefield Historical Pubs 44  (54pp; 9 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-901869-47-0; pbk; £3).  Available from

An updated edition of a book published in 2003, recounting the chequered modern history of this important chantry chapel (including its heavy-handed restoration by Gilbert Scott in 1847), which now brings the story down to the most recent programme of repair, and the chapel’s reopening in 2010.  

Martin Tingle with Clive Easter, 2011, ‘Re-used memorials at St Peter’s Church, Ugborough, Devon’, Procs Devon Archaeol Soc, 69, 181-8

A report of an archaeological watching brief at Ugborough.  A collapsed vault in the church was found to have been backfilled (apparently prior to 1843) with fragments from a fine wall monument to Richard Fownes (d. 1680), his wife Petronell (d. 1720), and her sister, Honor Edgcumbe, other parts of which survive in their original location next to the altar.  A damaged and re-used slate gravestone of 1843 to members of the Stroud family was found in the graveyard.  

Simon Turner, 2011, ‘Robert Vaughan and monumental brasses’, Print Quarterly, 28.3, 305-309

An account of Robert Vaughan (c.1600-c.1663), a print-engraver of Welsh origin, who also engraved monumental brasses, including three of the six portrait brasses to members of the Wynn family in Gwydir Chapel, Llanrwst, near Conwy.  

Anne H Van Buren with Roger S Wieck, 2011, Illuminating Fashion: dress in the art of medieval France and the Netherlands, 1325-1515 (Morgan Lib & Mus: New York. xi+431 464pp; 298 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-904832-90-4; hbk; $95)

A study of 14th- and 15th-century civilian dress in northern Europe, published to accompany an exhibition at the Morgan Library & Museum, New York. An introduction is followed by an album of illustrations with commentary, a glossary of English and French clothing terms, and a list of the dated and datable works of art (principally manuscript illuminations) which provide the primary evidence. Tomb evidence is excluded, on the grounds that it is not sufficiently datable.  

Trevor Yorke, 2010, Gravestones, Tombs and Memorials (Countryside Books: Newbury. 64pp; 113 b/w illus; ISBN 9781846742026; pbk; £5.99)

A thoughtful and reliable introduction to English churchyard monuments, aimed at the general reader but containing much of interest to more experienced students.  Includes information on development, dating, regional variations, iconography and epitaphs.  Fully illustrated with photographs and meticulous pen-and-ink drawings by the author.    

Douglas Arden, 2012, ‘The Spratton livery collar of SS: the earliest example of a prime Lancastrian honour’, Northamptonshire Past & Present, 65, 7-18

A discussion of the tomb with a fine military alabaster effigy at Spratton, Northants., wearing a Lancastrian livery collar of SS, conventionally attributed to Sir John Swinford (d. 1370). The author tentatively proposes, largely on heraldic grounds, that it may actually commemorate Sir John’s father-in-law, Sir Thomas Aderne; but argues that it is unlikely to have been commissioned before 1385. The collar is still probably the earliest surviving physical representation of a collar of SS.  

Sally Badham & Sophie Oosterwijk, 2012, ‘The tomb monument of Katherine, daughter of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence (1253-7)’, Antiquaries J, 92, 169-96

An investigation into the costly but lost monument in Westminster Abbey to Katherine, third daughter of Henry III, who died in her fourth year, and was commemorated by a bejewelled and silver-gilt effigy. Probably the earliest recorded memorial to a child in England, it may have formed part of Henry’s response to the commemorative programme instigated by his brother-in-law, Louis IX of France.  

Paul Barker, 2012, ‘Parish church treasures: the knight traveller’, Country Life, 206.47 (21st Nov 2012), 38

Discusses and illustrates the monument at Condover, Shropshire, to Sir Thomas Cholmondeley-Owen, a prolific traveller who died in Italy in 1864.  The kneeling alabaster figure, inspired by 17th-century models and completed in 1867, was the first sculptural commission of G F Watts.  

Jerome Bertram, 2012, ‘Embellishment and restoration: the Barttelots and their brasses at Stopham, Sussex’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.4, 334-62

A study of the lengthy sequence of brasses at Stopham, dating from the 15th to the 20th centuries, commissioned by members of the Barttelot family.  Of particular interest are the embellishments and repairs, most executed by Edward Marshall between 1630 and 1644.  

Paul Binski & Elizabeth A New (eds), 2012, Patrons and Professionals in the Middle Ages. Harlaxton Medieval Studies 22 (Shaun Tyas: Donington. xvi+430pp; 116 illus, mainly colour; ISBN 978-1-907730-12-2; hbk; £49.50)

The proceedings of the 27th Harlaxton Medieval Symposium, on patronage and the processes of artistic commissioning in medieval Europe.  Contributions include Nigel Saul on the interplay between patrons’ expectations and sculptors’ creativity in the design of tomb monuments, making particular use of contracts and wills; and T A Heslop on the alabaster tomb of Sir Edmund Thorpe (d.1418) and his wife Joan (d.1415) at Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk.  

Adam Bowett, 2012, ‘New light on Diacinto Cawcy and the Barrow monument’, Procs Suffolk Inst of Archaeol & History, 42.4, 424-33

A study, expanding on one of 2004 by John Blatchly and Geoffrey Fisher, of the scagliola work on three Suffolk monuments attributed to Diacinto Cawsey, an itinerant Italian artisan and an associate of the better known Baldassare Artima.  The monuments are those to Sir Thomas Cullum (d.1664) at Hawstead, erected 1675; to Sir Henry North (d.1671) at Mildenhall; and to Maurice Barrow at Westhorpe, erected after 1681. A monument to the first and second Barons Poulett at Hinton St George, Somerset, may also incorporate work by Artima and/or Cawsey.  

Frederick Brock, 2012, Thomas Brock: forgotten sculptor of the Victoria Memorial  (Author House: Bloomington IN [Amazon print on demand]. Pbk; 187pp; illus; ISBN 978-1-4678-8334-4)

The career of Thomas Brock, sculptor of the Victoria Memorial in front of Buckingham Palace.  Much of his work was public sculpture.  

Clive Burgess, 2012, ‘Obligations and strategy: managing memory in the later medieval parish’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.4, 289-310 An essay exploring the place of tombs and brasses within the wider complex of devotional and commemorative apparatus commonly brought together in late medieval parish churches.  

A Cherryson, Z Crossland & S Tarlow, 2012, A Fine and Private Place: the archaeology of death and burial in Post-Medieval Britain and Ireland (Leicester Archaeol. Pbk; 276pp; illus; £32. ISBN 978-0-956-01798-7)

A synthetic and interpretative discussion of the below-ground archaeology of death and burial, including treatment of the dead, burial landscapes and changing beliefs.  It is supported by a gazetteer of over 500 excavations.  

Juliusz A Chrościcki, Mark Hengerer & Gérard Sabatier (eds), 2012, Les funérailles princières en Europe, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle: 1: Le grand théâtre de la mort (Centre de recherche du château de Versailles: Versailles. xi+407pp; 16 b/w, colour illus, maps, tables; ISBN 978-2-7351-1426-9; €47)

A collection of essays on royal funerary rites across Europe in the early modern period. This volume, the first of a trilogy, is concerned with ritual and spectacle: volume 2 will consider material culture, including tombs. In French.  

B Connell, A Gray Jones, R Redfern & D Walker, 2012, A Bio-archaeological Study of Medieval Burials on the Site of St Mary Spital (MOLA. Hbk; 300pp; illus; £28. ISBN 978-1-907-58611-5)

Major excavations at the hospital and priory of St Mary Spital recorded over 10,500 skeletons.  Close dating has allowed a unique insight into the lives of Londoners from the 12th to early 16th centuries.  

Mark Downing, 2013, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 5: Northamptonshire-Shropshire (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 165pp; 263 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-5-6; pbk; £20 + £4 p&p). Available from the author at 9 Kestrel Drive, Sundorne Grove, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4TT.

The latest volume in Mark Downing’s national survey of military effigies to 1500.  

T Dyson, M Samuel, A Steele & S M Wright, 2011, The Cluniac Priory and Abbey of St Saviour Bermondsey, Surrey: excavations 1984-95, MOLA Monogr 50 (Museum of London)

This excavation recorded 22 inhumations or graves.  The report includes brief sections on burial practice and location, demography and health.  Three copper alloy letters of Lombardic form are described.    

Ian B Fallows, 2012, ‘The Rev William Lee (c.1550-1617) Vicar of Stapleford, Cambridgeshire’, Procs Cambridge Antiquarian Soc, 101, 173-8

An examination of the three-plate memorial figure brass in Stapleford church to William Lee, vicar from 1574 to 1617, and founder of the grammar school in Batley, Yorkshire, his birthplace.  The author argues that the figure is likely to be a re-used plate originally intended for a Cambridge academic, and that certain anomalies in the Latin inscription reflect Lee’s efforts to negotiate the religious turbulence of the Reformation.  

Brian & Moira Gittos, 2012, ‘Medieval Ham Hill stone monuments in context’, J British Archaeol Assoc, 165, 89-121

An overview of medieval church monuments in south-west England (predominantly Somerset) carved from the distinctive limestone quarried on Ham Hill, near Yeovil.  The corpus examined includes 62 effigies (with an additional three, at Haccombe, Devon, noted in a postscript) and 28 cross slabs and coffin lids.  The clients were predominantly local gentry, and the effigy sample includes a higher proportion of male civilian and female figures than are typically found elsewhere.  

M Henderson, A Miles & D Walker, 2012, ‘He Being Dead Yet Speaketh’ (Museum of London Archaeol. Hbk; 370pp; illus; £30. ISBN 978-1-907-58615-6)

Reports on three non-Anglican burial grounds in Tower Hamlets – Baptist, Catholic and Nonconformist – with over 1,350 burials from the period 1820-54.  It draws upon archaeological, osteological and documentary evidence.  

Robert Kinsey, 2012, ‘Each according to their degree: the lost brasses of the Thorpes of Northamptonshire’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.4, 311-33

An exploration of the fortunes and self-image of the Thorpe family, a successful medieval legal dynasty, through their monumental brasses. The brasses themselves are lost, but two at Peterborough Cathedral are recorded in Sir William Dugdale’s ‘Book of Monuments’, and a sophisticated indent survives at Ely Cathedral.  

William Lack, H Martin Stuchfield & Philip Whittemore, 2012, The Monumental Brasses of Huntingdonshire  (Monumental Brass Society: Stratford St Mary. xxii+217pp; 161 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9554484-3-0; pbk; £35 inc. p&p)

The latest survey volume in the comprehensive MBS County Series.  

Polly Low, Graham Oliver, & P J Rhodes (eds), 2012, Cultures of Commemoration: war memorials, ancient and modern, Procs of the British Academy 160  (Oxford Univ Pr: Oxford. 200 pp; 26 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-19-726466-9; hbk; £65)

A collection of essays on changing concepts of the war memorial. Contents include Avner Ben-Amos on the neo-classical Pantheon and Arc de Triomphe; Graham Oliver on classical traditions and commemorative practices in the 19th and 20th centuries; Stefan Goebel on medievalism and classicism in British and German 20th-century war memorials; and Lawrence A Tritle on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  Other contributions deal with the ancient world.  

Aleksandra McClain, 2012, ‘Theory, disciplinary perspectives and the archaeology of later medieval England’, Medieval Archaeol, 56, 131-70

An essay urging closer engagement by late-medieval archaeologists with social theory, supported and illustrated by a case study of cross-slab grave monuments (based on a corpus of 700 examples in the North Riding of Yorkshire). Argues that a social archaeology of commemoration should consider ‘the myriad ways in which people used, perceived, and engaged with funerary sculpture: as reified memory; as landmarks in the landscape or focal points in the church or churchyard; as motivators for prayer; as symbols or embodiments of the deceased; as family legacies; as political statements; as proclamations of status; and as cultural signifiers’.  

David Meara, 2012, ‘The brass to the Revd Montague Henry Noel, d.1929, St Barnabas, Oxford’, Trans Monumental Brass Soc, 18.4, 363-9

An account of the negotiations surrounding the commissioning and execution of the brass to the first vicar of the Anglo-Catholic church of St Barnabas, designed by Cecil Hare and installed in 1931.  

Edward Morris & Emma Roberts, 2012, Public Sculpture of Cheshire and Merseyside (excluding Liverpool), Public Sculpture of Britain 15 (Liverpool Univ Pr: Liverpool. xxiv+308pp; 227 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-84631-492-6; hbk; £45)

Although this survey is predominantly concerned with secular public sculpture, the introduction includes several pages of discussion of church monuments, cemeteries and war memorials; while the catalogue features a number of post-medieval interior and exterior monuments, including work by Nollekens, Chantrey, and William Stanton, and the dramatic Port Sunlight war memorial by Sir William Goscombe John.  

Edward Parry, 2011, ‘Monumental history: funerary monuments and public memory’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 160, 219-34

A consideration of six monuments in Wales and the Borders as documents of the religious and constitutional upheavals of the 17th and early 18th centuries.  The six are those to William Lucy (d. 1677), Bishop of St David’s, at Christ College, Brecon; Sir John Powell (d. 1696) at Laugharne, Carmarthenshire; Elizabeth (d. 1731) and Mary (d. 1739), wives of Sir John Pryce, at Newtown, Montgomeryshire; Col. John Birch (d. 1691) at Weobley, Herefs.; Sir Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford (d. 1724) at Brampton Bryan, Herefs.; and Theophilus Salwey (d. 1760) at Ludlow.  

H Playfair, 2012, Jewels of Somerset: stained glass in parish churches from 1830  (Beaufort Pr. 84pp; 80 colour illus; £12.50 plus £5 p&p from Hugh Playfair, Blackford House, Blackford, Yeovil BA22 7EE – cheques ‘Friends of Somerset Churches and Chapels’)

Describes the role of stained glass windows and their development since 1830, with notes on artists and workshops.  

Keith Randon, 2012, ‘Gaddesby church and the Cheney monument’, Leicestershire Historian, 22-27

This sculpture of a soldier on a dying horse, sculpted by Joseph Gott, commemorates Edward Cheney’s actions at Waterloo.  Originally erected in Gaddesby Hall, it was moved to the church in 1898.  The history of the monument is poorly known.  

Ioanna Rapti, 2011-12, ‘Note sur une pierre tumulaire découverte à Tarse: l’épitaphe arménienne de sire Philippe, mort en 1351’, Cahiers Archeologiques, 54, 89-121

A report on an incised marble tomb slab found in 2009 in Tarsus, Cilicia (now Turkey), on the site of the Great Mosque (erected 1579). It depicts a military figure and bears an Armenian inscription in commemoration of a ‘lord Philip’ who died in 1351. It incorporates Latin gothic stylistic features, and Philip’s name is rendered in a French form, but he has eluded identification.  

Nicholas Riall, 2012, ‘Defining the early sixteenth-century Renaissance experience: the tomb of Richard and Elizabeth Norton at East Tisted, Hampshire’, Hampshire Studies, 67.2, 347-65

An examination of the tomb of Richard Norton (d. 1537), sheriff of Hampshire, and his wife Elizabeth, executed, probably in the late 1520s or early 1530s, in an ostentatious Italianate all’antica style. Along with other local monuments, it is attributed to Thomas Bertie, the Bishop of Winchester’s master mason.  

J M Robinson, 2011, James Wyatt: architect to George III  (Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, Yale Univ Pr: New Haven. Hbk; 370pp; illus; £50.  ISBN 978-0-300-17690-2)

This is an attractively produced and well illustrated volume.  A chapter on mausoleums and memorials includes the Pelham mausoleum at Brocklesby (Lincs), the Darnley mausoleum at Cobham (Kent) and the Dartrey mausoleum (Co Monaghan).  Some of Wyatt’s sketches are reproduced alongside modern colour photography.  

Xavier F Salomon, 2012, ‘Gasparo Marcaccioni (1620-74), his portrait by Carlo Maratti and his chapel’, Burlington Mag, 54 (no 1314: Sept 2012), 629-36

Includes discussion of the monument to Gasparo Marcaccioni, bookkeeper and principal minister to Cardinal Antonio Barbarini, in the church of S Maria del Sufraggio, Rome. Previously unpublished financial records identify the marble portrait bust and other sculptures as the work of Paolo Naldini, executed between 1674 and 1677.  

Ann Saunders, 2012, St Paul’s Cathedral: 1400 years at the heart of London  (Scala: London. 144pp; 116 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-85759-802-5; hbk; £25)

A new account of St Paul’s by a highly regarded authority. Includes discussion of some of the monuments introduced to Wren’s building from 1791 onwards, illustrated with evocative photographs.  

K D M Snell, 2012, ‘Churchyard closures, rural cemeteries and the village community in Leicestershire and Rutland, 1800-2010’, J Ecclesiastical Hist, 63.4, 721-57

A pioneering analysis of patterns in churchyard extensions, closures and new cemetery provision in two Midland counties, encompassing a total of 556 rural and urban burial sites, and focusing on changes in the 1850s, 1880-1900, and from the 1960s to 2010.  

Sally Strachey, 2012, ‘The best get better: two stone monuments at St Mary’s Church, Elmley Castle, Worcestershire’, Mausolus (newsletter of the Mausolea & Monuments Trust) (Winter 2012), 2-3

On recent conservation work to monuments to Sir William Savage (d. 1616) and Thomas Coventry, first Earl of Coventry (d.1699).

Anon., 2013, ‘Edinburgh: a knight’s tale?’, Current Archaeol, 279 (June), 10

A brief report of the excavation of a sandstone tomb slab and adult male skeleton from the site of Edinburgh’s Dominican friary: the slab, incised with an ornate cross and long sword, is dated to the 13th or 14th centuries.

Lisa Barber, 2009, ‘Dalles funéraires gravées à l’effigie du défunt’, Mémoires de la Société Archéologique du Midi de la France, 69, 153-71

An account of the project to create an inventory of incised effigial slabs in France, extending and completing the task begun by F A Greenhill.  This article focuses on work in the south-west of the country, and considers questions of patronage, design and meaning.

Caroline de Barrau-Agudo, 2009, ‘La sculpture funéraire de la cathédrale de Rodez (XIIIe-XVIe siècles): présentation d’un corpus méconnu’, Mémoires de la Société Archéologique du Midi de la France, 69, 173-205

A survey and discussion of the medieval monuments, extant and lost, of Rodez Cathedral in southern France.

Séamus Bellew, 2012, ‘Inscriptions and heraldry from St Michael’s Church, Charlestown, County Louth’, J County Louth Archaeological & Historical Soc, 27:4, 611-25

A survey of the 19th- and early 20th-century inscriptions and heraldry (particularly associated with the Filgate, Macan and Murray families) formerly in St Michael’s church.  The church is now converted to residential use, but retains its stained glass: the monuments have been moved to St Mary’s church, Ardee.

Jerome Bertram, 2012, Bishops and Burgers, Dukes and Knights  (Lulu publishing. 40pp; colour illus; pbk; £10.50).  Available from

A survey of the incised slabs, brasses and other monuments from the towns and churches on the southern and eastern coasts of the Baltic: originally a lecture delivered to the Society of Antiquaries of London in October 2011.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Peter Bitter, Viera Bonenkampová & Koen Goudriaan (eds), 2013, Graven spreken: perspectieven op grafcultuur in de middeleeuwse en vroegmoderne Nederlanden  (Verloren: Hilversum. 256pp; 20 colour, 23 b/w illus; ISBN 9-789087-043209; pbk; €25)

A multidisciplinary collection of 13 essays on issues of death and commemoration in the Netherlands in the medieval and early modern periods.  Contributions include Sanne Frequin on ‘weepers’; Trudi Brink on the Van Brederode tomb and altarpiece in the Grote Kerk of Vianen; and Viera Bonenkampová on social stratification in Delft interpreted through graves in the Oude Kerk.  In Dutch.

Elma Brenner, Meredith Cohen, & Mary Franklin-Brown (eds), 2013, Memory and Commemoration in Medieval Culture  (Ashgate: Farnham. 374pp; 59 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-4094-2393-5; hbk; £70)

A collection of essays, focusing on France but incorporating studies from further afield, on the place of memory, consciousness of the past, and commemoration of the dead in medieval private and public life. Contributions include Mailan S Doquang on commemoration and intercession in the rayonnant chapels of northern French cathedrals; and Anne-Hélène Allirot on the role of the female abbeys of Longchamp and Lourcine in the construction of Capetian memory.

Richard Buckley et al, 2013, ‘“The king in the car park”: new light on the death and burial of Richard III in the Grey Friars church, Leicester, in 1485’, Antiquity, 86 (336), 519-38

This paper discusses the location of the royal grave within the monastic precinct and gives a brief account of the burial.  Specialist reports will no doubt follow.

Sarah Burnage, 2013, Remembering the Dead; a short guide to the memorials and commemorations in York St Mary’s  (York Museums Trust: York. 8pp; 10 colour illus), free download available at v2%20copy%5Bsmall%5D.pdf

A guide to the six monuments (five mural, one ledger stone), dating from the late 17th to mid-19th centuries, in St Mary Castlegate, York.  The church was deconsecrated in 1958 and is now an exhibition space.

Richard Cocke, 2013, Public Sculpture of Norfolk and Suffolk, Public Sculpture of Britain 16 (Liverpool University Press: Liverpool. xxiv+328pp; 320 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-84631-712-5; hbk; £45)

A section of this catalogue deals with 16 church monuments, selected as a representative sample of the region’s heritage.  Dates range from the 14th century (William de Kerdiston at Reepham) to the early 20th, and artists include Roubiliac, Chantrey, Nicholas Stone and Robert Adam.  Elsewhere, entries appear for the pyramidical Hobart mausoleum by Joseph Bonomi at Blickling, cemetery memorials at Norwich, a headstone at Rougham depicting a Vickers Vimy biplane, and war memorials including a striking example by F D Wood at Ditchingham with recumbent effigy.

Paul Cockerham, 2012, Cockerham on Cockyram: the brass of Robert Cockyram, Lydd, Kent  (Lulu publishing. 13pp; 5 colour illus; pbk; £5).  Available from

An expanded version of a paper given at the Monumental Brass Society Study Day at Lydd in September 2012, examining the history of the small monumental brass to Robert Cokyram (d. 1508).

B Connell, A G Jones, R Redfern & D Walker, 2012, A Bioarchaeological Study of Medieval Burials on the Site of St Mary Spital: excavations at Spitalfields Market, London E1, 1991-2007  (MOLA Monogr 60; 303 pp; illus; ISBN 978-10907586-11-8; hb; £28)

The remains of over 10,500 burials were recorded from the cemetery of the Augustinian hospital.  Unprecedented dating accuracy allowed the material to be sorted into four phases between the 12th and 16th centuries.  Detailed population and health profiles are discussed for a sample of 5,387 individuals.

Christiaan Corlett, 2010, ‘Some eighteenth-century granite headstones from Wicklow’, J Royal Soc of Antiquaries of Ireland, 140, 35-47

A discussion of a distinctive group of mid 18th-century headstones, predominantly from Glendalough and the southern half of County Wicklow, carved in a ‘vernacular Baroque’ style and commonly featuring symbols of the Passion.

James Stevens Curl, 2013, Funerary Monuments and Memorials in St Patrick’s Cathedral, Armagh (Historical Publications: Whitstable. xxviii+132pp; 28 colour, 71 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-905286-49-2; hbk (limited edition of 250); £40; ISBN 978-1-905286-48-5; pbk; £20) Available from the author: see for details.

An exhaustive survey of the monuments in the Anglican cathedral of Armagh, including works by Bacon, Chantrey, Farrell, Marochetti, Nollekens, Roubiliac and Rysbrack.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Chris Daniels, 2012, The Craft of Stonemasonry  (Crosswood Press: Ramsbury.  192 pp; 313 colour illus; ISBN 978 1847973856; hb; £25.00)

The author speaks with authority as a stonemason and conservator.  This practical manual is aimed at novice stonemasons, but also at architects and architectural historians.  Traditional skills are explained step by step both as a guide for practitioners and to bring understanding to a lay audience.

Dario Del Bufalo, 2012, Porphyry: red imperial porphyry: power and religion (Umberto Allemandi: Turin. 300pp; 994 mainly colour illus; ISBN 978-88-422-2146-3; hbk; €95)

A study of the purple-red marble which has been imbued since classical times with imperial associations.  The bulk of the volume comprises a catalogue of over 850 porphyry artefacts, including 52 sarcophagi, tombs and baths, dating from the 1st to the end of the 19th centuries.  In English, with four appendices in Italian.

Rebecca Di Mambro, 2012, ‘James Smith at Hamilton: a study in Scottish Classicism’, Architectural History, 55, 111-43

An assessment of the commissions for the Hamilton family of the architect James Smith (c.1645-1731), including the imposing tomb of William, 3rd Duke of Hamilton (d.1694), in Bothwell church, South Lanarkshire.  The author highlights the influence of the Flemish sculptor, John van Nost, on Smith’s ideas; but also tentatively suggests that Smith’s work may have to be reassigned to two James Smiths, a senior and a junior.

Mark Downing, 2013, Military Effigies of England & Wales, Volume 6: Somerset–Sussex (Monumental Books: Shrewsbury. 143pp; 213 b/w illus; ISBN 978-0-9537065-6-3; pbk; £20 + £4 p&p).  Available from the author at 9 Kestrel Drive, Sundorne Grove, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4TT

The latest volume in Mark Downing’s national survey of military effigies to 1500.

Jonny Geber, 2013, ‘The Kilkenny Workhouse mass burials: an archaeology of the Great Irish Famine’, Current Archaeology, 278 (May), 12-17

63 separate mass graves contained almost 1,000 skeletons deposited over only 43 months.  These burials had been forgotten.  Osteological analysis reveals much about poverty, diet and disease.

Roberta Gilchrist, 2012, Medieval Life: archaeology and the life course (Boydell: Woodbridge. xvi+336pp; 18 colour, 80 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-84383-722-0; hbk; £30)

A detailed study of how life was lived in the middle ages, examined through the prism of material culture.  Chapter 5, on ‘the Quick and the Dead’, discusses rituals of death and commemoration, including the meanings and social purposes of tombs.  Elsewhere the evidence of effigies and monumental brasses is drawn on at several points in addressing a range of social and cultural topics

C Pamela Graves, 2008, ‘From an archaeology of iconoclasm to an anthropology of the body: images, punishment, and personhood in England, 1500-1660’, Current Anthropology, 49:1 (Feb), 35-57

Although this article has been available for a while, it seems appropriate to draw it to members’ attention.  Graves tries to avoid simplistic received wisdom by reviewing the post-Reformation attack on images, in particular the apparent focus on head and hands, from an anthropological perspective.  Seeing images as being ‘punished’ in the same way as living bodies brings a new element to an understanding of the fate of effigies.

Madeleine Gray, 2012, ‘Reforming memory: commemoration of the dead in sixteenth-century Wales’, Welsh History Rev, 26:2, 186-214

A Welsh contribution to the debate on the pace of change in attitudes towards death, commemoration, purgatory and intercession at the Reformation, which makes use of testamentary evidence, vernacular poetry, and tomb inscriptions and iconography.  No simple or uniform picture emerges, though the author suggests that the Protestant emphasis on praising (rather than praying for) the dead was in some ways anticipated by Welsh bardic traditions.

Guillaume Grillon, 2011, L’Ultime Message: étude des monuments funéraires de la Bourgogne ducale, XIIe-XVIe siecles  (Univ of Burgundy doctoral thesis).  Online at

A fully illustrated study of the tomb monuments of the medieval duchy of Burgundy, which analyses their typological and formal evolution, their iconography and inscriptions, and their social, religious and cultural contexts.  Based on a corpus of 794 monuments, 448 of which survive, the remainder being well recorded in antiquarian sources.

Brendan Halpin, 2013, ‘Anglo-Irish tomb effigy armour: an experiential study’, Conflict Archaeology, 8.1, 22-40

An investigation into two related armour types unique to Ireland and found only on late medieval tomb effigies.  The author has sought to establish, in part through modern reconstructions, how the armour may have been constructed, the extent to which it was practical and usable, and how it may have suited the Irish style of warfare.

Peter Hill, 2011, A History of Death and Burial in Northamptonshire (Amberley: Stroud. 160 pp; illus; ISBN 978-1-4456-04626; pb; £14.99)

This introduction to practices surrounding death and burial through history takes Northamptonshire as an example.  It includes chapters on masons, forms of burial, customs, and symbols, as well as gazetteers for brasses, hatchments and recumbent stone effigies.

Chris King & Duncan Sayer (eds), 2011, The Archaeology of Post-Medieval Religion, Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monogr 6  (Boydell: Woodbridge. xiii+288pp; 62 b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-84383-693-3; hbk; £30)

A collection of essays considering the material evidence of post-medieval religion in northern Europe and New England.  Several contributions deal with funerary culture, including Simon Roffey on 19th-century chantry chapels; Chris King on immigrants in early modern Norwich (making much use of tomb monuments); Duncan Sayer on the organisation of churchyards and burial grounds; Diana Mahoney-Swales, Richard O’Neill & Hugh Wilmott on coffins and grave-goods in Sheffield; and Rosie Morris on the custom of ‘maidens’ garlands’.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Hannes Kleineke & Christian Steer (eds), 2013, The Yorkist Age, Harlaxton Medieval Studies 23  (Shaun Tyas: Donington. 488pp; 28 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-907730-22-1; hbk; £49.50)

The proceedings of the 2011 Harlaxton Symposium.  Four contributors address aspects of death and commemoration: Clive Burgess and Nigel Saul, separately, on the Yorkist college and mausoleum at Fotheringhay (Burgess focusing on its institutional history; Saul on the architecture and fittings); David Harry on Earl Rivers’ Cordyal (1479), a translation of a 14th-century Latin treatise on making a good death; and Alexandra Buckle on the ceremonial reburial of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (d.1439), in his chantry chapel at St Mary’s church, Warwick, probably in 1475.

Phillip Lindley, 2012, ‘The artistic practice, protracted publication and posthumous completion of Charles Alfred Stothard’s Monumental Effigies of Great Britain’, Antiquaries J, 92, 385-426

An unravelling of the complex story behind Stothard’s great survey.  The first part was issued in 1811 and the title page in 1817, but the work was not finished until 1832, well after Stothard’s untimely death in 1821, having been brought to a conclusion by his widow, Anna Eliza, with the assistance of her brother, Alfred Kempe, and four different etchers.  The influence of Thomas Kerrich on Stothard’s technique, Stothard’s posthumous reputation, and Anna Eliza’s part in constructing that reputation, are all considered.

Phillip Lindley, 2013, ‘Peter Mathias van Guelder’s monument to Mary, 3rd Duchess of Montagu, in St Edmund’s, Warkton, Northamptonshire’, Burlington Mag, 155 (no 1321: April), 220-29

A reassessment of the theatrical monument to the Duchess of Montagu (d.1775) by Peter van Guelder (c.1742-1809), hitherto overshadowed in scholarly literature by the two neighbouring monuments by Roubiliac.  An appendix publishes documents dating from 1777 to 1782 relating to its erection, which also record adjustments by van Guelder to Roubiliac’s work.

Catharine MacLeod, Malcolm Smuts & Timothy Wilks, 2012, The Lost Prince: the life & death of Henry Stuart  (National Portrait Gallery: London. 192pp; 127 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-85514-458-3; hbk; £30)

The catalogue of an exhibition commemorating the quatercentenary of the death of Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James VI and I, in 1612.  Includes material on the ceremonies and public mourning that followed, when parallel funerals were held in London, Bristol, Oxford and Cambridge.  Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey, but never received his planned monument.

Conleth Manning, 2010, ‘The grave-slab of Charles Manning in Rome’, J Royal Soc of Antiquaries of Ireland, 140, 22-27

A report of an inscribed grave-slab in the basilica of St John Lateran commemorating Charles Manning, who died in Rome in 1535, having been sent as an envoy to the Pope by ‘Silken’ Thomas FitzGerald, Lord Offaly, during the Geraldine revolt against Henry VIII.

Richard Marks, 2012, Studies in the Art and Imagery of the Middle Ages (Pindar Press: London. 830pp; 456 illus; ISBN 978-1-904597-38-4; hbk; £150) Members’ offer: £120 from Sales, Pindar Press, 40 Narcissus Road, London NW6 1TH quoting ‘CMS members’ offer’.

A volume bringing together 31 of the author’s studies, ranging from historiography to stained glass and tomb monuments.  Topics include images of chivalry, c.1320-50 (the Luttrell Psalter, but also tomb effigies at Minster-in-Sheppey, Kent, and Exeter Cathedral); the Beauchamp Chapel at Warwick; and the 16th-century Howard tombs at Thetford, Norfolk, and Framlingham, Suffolk.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

David Meara & Lida Lopes Cardozo Kindersley, 2013, Remembered Lives: personal memorials in churches (Cardozo Kindersley Workshop/Cambridge Univ Press: Cambridge. 84pp; many colour and b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-107-66448-7; pbk; £12)

Reviewed on pages 20-22 (above).

Cameron Moffett, 2011, ‘“Of oak thy mournful bier’s prepared”: a late 17th-century funeral bier at Odda’s Chapel’, English Heritage Historical Rev, 6, 46-49

An account of a rare and elaborate 17th-century oak funeral bier, originally from Deerhurst parish church (Gloucs), latterly displayed in Odda’s Chapel, Deerhurst, and currently in store.  The author discusses the place of the bier in early modern funerary ritual, reflecting the liturgical reforms of the Elizabethan Settlement.

C B Newham, 2013, Book of Effigies: photographs of selected recumbent effigies in English parish churches  (DAE Publishing: Harrogate. 88pp; 81 colour illus; ISBN 978-1-906265-20-5; pbk; £26.95).  Purchasable at

A selection of 81 of the author’s striking overhead photographs of recumbent tomb effigies, ranging in date from the 13th to early 20th centuries.  Examples are drawn from across England, but a high proportion are from Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Terri Sabatos, 2013, ‘The Memorial of James Stewart, Earl of Moray, and the visual culture of bloodfeud in early modern Scotland’, Review of Scottish Culture, 24, 34-49

The Scottish ‘vendetta portrait’ was a depiction of the victim of a bloodfeud, usually represented as a corpse, accompanied by a call for vengeance.  The author considers several examples of the genre, but focuses on the over-lifesize painting of the 2nd Earl of Moray, murdered in 1592, which was perhaps intended for his funeral procession.

Ann Smith, 2013, ‘Monument to the Earl of Bristol in Sherborne Abbey’, Notes & Queries for Somerset & Dorset, 37:377 (March), 185-89

A discussion of the imposing monument by John Nost to John Digby, 3rd Earl of Bristol (d.1698), and his two wives.  Documentary evidence establishes the Earl’s own role in its planning and commissioning.

Karl-Heinz Spiess & Immo Warntjes (eds), 2012, Death at Court (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. 349pp, 16 b/w illus; ISBN 978-3-447-06760-7; hbk; €39.80)

An examination of the ceremonies surrounding death and commemoration at courts from the medieval to early modern periods and from Western Europe to the Far East.  In English.  To be reviewed in Church Monuments.

Peter Stanford, 2013, How to Read a Graveyard: journeys in the company of the dead  (Bloomsbury Continuum: London. 288pp; 31 b/w illus; ISBN 9781441179777; hbk; £16.99)

Musings on death and commemoration from a former editor of the Catholic Herald, cast in the form of visits to ten burial grounds – the Scavi beneath St Peter’s, the Catacomb of Callixtus, and the Cimitero Acattolico, all in Rome; Burnham Norton churchyard, Norfolk; Greyfriars Kirkyard, Edinburgh; Père-Lachaise, Paris; Paddington Old Cemetery, London; Deane Road Jewish Cemetery, Liverpool; the war cemeteries of northern France; and Chiltern Woodland Burial Park, Essex.

Tim Tatton-Brown, 2011/12, ‘Henry VIII’s burial vault and tomb’, Friends of St George’s Windsor, Annual Report 2011/12, 11:5, 183-87

Mary B Timoney, 2010, ‘The William Scott box tomb of 1824, Skreen, Co. Sligo’, J Royal Soc of Antiquaries of Ireland, 140, 48-56

A discussion of an elaborate box tomb, one of ten in the Church of Ireland graveyard at Skreen.  They were carved between the 1780s and 1850s from local limestone by the Skreen school of masons.  The principal carvers were the Diamond family, still locally active.

Anthony A Upton, 2012/13, ‘The Dabridgecourts of Knowle: a monumental “translation”?’, Warwickshire History, 15:4, 141-51

An investigation into an indent at Knowle, Warwickshire, which formerly held a brass commemorating John Dabridgecourt (d.1544) and his two wives, Katherine and Elizabeth.  The author argues that it may originally have been sited in Astley College, some 14 miles away, but that it was moved by John’s son, Thomas, following the College’s dissolution in 1545.

University of Leicester Graveyards Group, 2012, ‘Frail memories: is the commemorated population representative of the buried population?’, Post-Medieval Archaeology, 46:1, 166-95

A study based on six Leicestershire graveyards, collating monumental with archival evidence to assess how far surviving assemblages of post-medieval gravestones can be regarded as representative of historic populations.  The mean proportion of burials commemorated on memorials to those registered in parish records was found to be 8.23%, though there was much variation, especially between rural and urban sites.

Paul F Walker, 2013, The History of Armour, 1100-1700  (Crowland Press: Ramsbury. 128pp; many colour & b/w illus; ISBN 978-1-84797-425-5; hbk; £19.95)

The extensive illustrations contain many drawings of armour by the author (some are exploded views), and many good colour photographs of details of armour from a number of English effigies.  The accuracy of the accompanying text is variable.

Carl Watkins, 2013, The Undiscovered Country: journeys among the dead (Bodley Head/Vintage: Oxford. 336pp; colour illus; ISBN 978-1847921406; hbk; £20)

An examination of how death has marked Britain from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, encompassing discussion of religious belief, folklore and monuments.

Richard Wheeler, 2013, Oxfordshire's Best Churches (Fircone Books: King's Sutton. ix+270pp, 340 colour illus; ISBN 9781907700002; hbk; £25

Philip Whittemore, 2011, ‘The lost brass to Katherine Brook, 1556, formerly in the church of Islington St Mary’, Trans London & Middlesex Arch Soc, 62, 251-53

An account of the brass to Katherine, wife of Sir David Brook, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, who (the inscription states) served as wet-nurse to the future Mary I.  The brass is known from a 17th-century drawing: it was probably lost before 1751, when the medieval church was demolished.

Kelcey Wilson-Lee, 2011, ‘The Lovell monument at Minster Lovell’, English Heritage Historical Rev, 6, 22-7

An investigation into the elaborate 15th-century alabaster tomb chest and military effigy at Minster Lovell (Oxon).  Although the identity of the figure has been questioned, the author uses iconographic evidence to argue that the traditional attribution to William, 7th Lord Lovell (d.1455), is almost certainly correct, and suggests that the tomb may have been commissioned by his widow, Alice, who sought to record the contribution which she had brought to the Lovell estates.


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